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Vol. V. DECEMBER, 1910. No. 4. 


By Chakles C. Bombaugh, M.D.j 

Late Surgton 69th Pennsylvania Vohmteers. 

In August, 1861, Hon. E. D. Baker, U. S. Senator from 
Oregon, was authorized by Gren. Cameron to organize an in- 
dependent brigade. Such was the confidence of both the 
President and the Secretary of War in this distinguished 
soldier and statesman, that, in order to facilitate his patriotic 
purpose, he was invested with a d^ree of plenary power 
which, so far as I know, was subsequently accorded to no other 
man. He had already raised a first-class regiment of three 
battalions, named after his favorite state of California, and 
composed mainly of young men of good family from the city 
of Philadelphia. To this he was anxious to add the Irish 
element, the firemen, and young men from the country. 
Through his tireless energy, coupled with the prestige of his 
name as a Colonel in the Mexican War, his power as an orator, 
and his fame as a statesman, these elements were gathered 

» Eead before the Society April 5th, 1866. 




together and incoi-porated into a brigade in an incredibly short 
space of time. Lieut.-Col. Wistar commanded the 1st, or Cali- 
fornia Eegimcnt, Col. Owen the 2nd, or Irish Ecgiment, Col. 
Baxter the 3rd, or Fire Zouaves, numbering, like the Cali- 
fornia, nearly 1,800 men, and Col. Morehead the 4th. It fell 
to my lot to be commissioned Sxirgeon of the Irish Regiment, 
with which I remained in active service until compelled by 
broken health toward the close of the foUomng year to resign 
and to exchange the field for the hospital. After Col. Baker's 
death at Ball's Bluff, the Philadelphia Brigade, as it was often 
called, was eommanded by Col. Owen, who was eventually re- 
lieved by Gen. W. W. Bums. Gen, Cameron was true to his 
liberal promises, and by his adviee we became attached to the 
Pennsylvania State organization, my regiment being numbered 
the 09th, and the others the 7lst, 72nd and 106th. 

It may not be out of place, and it is no disparagement to 
other troops to say that a finer or more effective body of men 
could not be found on cither side in our great sectional conflict. 
It was their fate to mingle in nearly every engagement in 
which the Army of the Potomac was concerned. Whenever 
there was desperate and bloody work to be donr^, they were 
sure to be simimoned. By tens and by hundreds they laid 
down their lives on the skirmishing lines, in the battle front, 
in the hospitals, and in the hot beds of malaria, until their 
ashes were scattered from Ball's Bluff to Malvern Hill and 
from Gettysburg to the Wilderness. More than three-fourths 
of my fellow-officers were thus sacrificed, and of the original 
rank and file, there is scarcely a shadow left. A connected 
history of the operations of that Brigade would form one of 
the most entertaining and instructive chapters in the history 
of the " grand army." Its length, however, would preclude 
its reading here, were it written, and I therefore thought of 
selecting for description some one of the more memorable inci- 
dents of the earlier campaigns, " quorum pars fui," which up 
to this time have not been fully and faithfully portrayed, but 
being at somewhat of a loss in selection, I have coneluded for 



the present to make a few oeeasional extraets from a diary 
kept in the field, for the purpose of giviag a few items of 
individual experience, and of recalling impressions and obser- 
vations made at the time, some of which have been materially 
modified, or even reversed by subsequent events. As there are 
considerable gaps or intervals between these extracts, it may 
be necessary for mc to state in advance that we were first 
assigned to the command of Gen. W. F. Smith in the defences 
of Washington, Thence we were transferred to -the Corps of 
Observation, under Gen. 0. P. Stone, whose division, it will 
be recollected, was stationed between Poolcsville and the mouth 
of the Monocacy. Gen. Banks' division being posted below 
Edwards' Ferry, and Col. Geary at the Point of Eocks. This 
army was intended to check any flank movement iip.m AYasli- 
ington from the Virginia shore. The hostile forces confronted 
each other on the opposite banks of the Potomac until the close 
of February, 1862, when active offensive movements com- 
menced. Upon the arrest of Gen. Stone we were placed in 
command of Gen. Sedgwick, and when the grand army broke 
camp, we proceeded to Winchester by way of Harper's Ferry, 
CharlestoAvn and Berrysburg. This movement having been 
successfully accomplished, our division was withdrawn from 
the column of Gen. Banks, and sent back as far as Alexandria, 
where we cmbalpkcd for Fortress Monroe to join the main body 
of the army under Gen. MeClellan, in Gen. Sumner's Corps. 

Camp Advance, Sej^tember 29, 1861. 

This is the first day I have had an opportunity to explore 
our surroundings, and to take the bearings and distances. Our 
camp is near Fort Ethan Allen, and about a mile and a quarter 
from the Chain Bridge. Aside from the upheavals made by 
our engineers, a^nd the woods laid prostrate by our axemen, 
I don't think I have ever seen a more dreary and iminviting 
region than tliis section of Fairfax county. Nothing but under- 
growlii and overgrowth, waste and abandoned lands with no 


signs of tillage, and no indications of previous comfort, or even 
vitaliiy. Here and there is a wretched log cabin, apparently 
set up as an impersonation of unthrift and poverty. Ah, well, 
unless we are false prophets, this war can't last long, and when 
it's over, some of these Yankee soldiers will come back to 
r€!claim this God-forsaken tract, and with the help of elbow 
grease and guano, convert it to its proper uses, and shape its 
fro"\vns into smiles. 

10.30 p. M. Had just turned in for the night, and was 
enjoying a hickory crib which proves the good taste and con- 
structive skill of my ambulance boys, when the long roll beat. 
Its startling tones were instantly followed by the hum of 
preparation. Ere its last echoes died away I was dressed an8 
ready, and my horse and knapsack orderly were at the tent 
door.' It was dark as the mouth of Acheron, and we started, 
we know not whither, but evidently in the direction of Falls' 
Church. No lights were permitted, and silence was enjoined, 
ifoiselesslv almost as falling snow, we wended our way for 
about three miles, until in defiling down a narrow lane, with 
woods on one side and bushes skirting open fields on the other, 
we were astounded by a sudden blaze of musketry which seemed 
to envelope our whole line. We were in the midst of this 
interesting pyrotechnic display nearly fifteen minutes, friends 
and comrades falling all around us and believing we had drifted 
into an ambuscade. At length the firing ceased, it having been 
discovered that scouting parties which had been sent out in 
different directions returned simultaneously, encountering each 
other and the marching column, and in the confusion arising 
mistaking friend for foe. After attending to the wants of my 
wounded, I took them back to camp. In the morning we 
learned the object of our nocturnal tramp — a reconnoissance 
in force. I met my old friend Capt. Barr, who had charge of 

the artillery, in front of his quarters. He told me that 

was drunk, and that in his bewilderment he had ordered him 
to turn his guns upon the advancing column and sweep the 
road. Barr did not dioose to slaughter his own men, and 



sternly refused to obey. The order was not repeated, clearer 
ideas of the situation having prevailed, and nothing was said 
about insubordination. 

Looking sadly at the bodies of our fallen comrades, we could 
not help adverting to the stupidity of the arrangements which 
led to so serious a disaster. It is our first experience of this 
kind, but it is not the first time in the present contest that such 
a misfortune has occurred, and it is very evident that some 
self-protective system or badges or signals must be adopted in 
order to avert similar calamities in future. It is equally evi- 
dent that we have trouble to apprehend from intoxicated com- 
manders, and that unless the War Department summarily 
punishes such infraction of discipline, our progress will be 
interrupted by grievous blunders. 

Camp Observation, four miles from Poolesville. 

Monday, October 21, 3 a. h. All up and in line, according 
to last evening's instractions. Judging from the tone of the 
note I received from our chief medical officer, we are going 
to have hot work. I have inspected my instruments, dressings, 
stimulanis, anaesthetics, &c., for about the twentieth time, and 
am confident nothing is overlooked. Marched out to our parade 
ground to await further orders. At sunrise, Col. Baker made 
his appearance. At times, he seemed pale, as if from some 
indefinable apprehension; while for the most part, he was 
flushed with extraordinary excitement. It was evident from 
his unwonted perturbation that there was something unusual 
astir. As I watched him, I was reminded of two little facts, 
which I dovetailed together. When I last met Mr. Lincoln 
in Washington, he said to me, " I have offered Baker a Major 
General's commission. He carries it in his pocket. It re- 
mains with him to accept it or not." On Saturday evening. 
Col. B., on his return, after a brief absence, in conversation 
with one of my fellow officers on the way from Ifonocacy to 
camp, remarked in reference to a higher grade of rank, that 



he would not accept such a coininission until he had done some- 
thing to merit it, quoting the expression, " Palmam qui meruit, 
ferat." Until that utterance I thought that he was reluctant 
to resign his seat in the Senate. It was now clear to me that 
a coveted opportunity for distinction had arrived. After cur- 
veting around for a short time, he disappeared with the Cali- 
fornia regiment, and soon after, we followed toward the Poto- 
mac, in the direction of Conrad's Ferry. Our march was slow, 
and our halting frequent. It seemed as if we were meant as 
a reserve. It was four o'clock when we reached the bank of 
the canal opposite Harrison's Island. On the Virginia shore 
a battle was raging fiercely. We eould not get a glimpse of the 
combatants on account of the wooded character of the bluff. 
Here we learned that part of the California regiment, under 
Wistar, part of the Tammany, Col. Cogswell, part of the 15th 
Massachusetts, Col. Devens, and part of the 20th MassachuKotts, 
Col. Loe, in all about eighteen or nineteen hundred men, had 
crossed over and were engaged in the conflict, that the only 
mode of crossing the rircr was in three flat boats, whose united 
capacity was sufficient to convey but little more than one full 
company and that their progress was embarrassed by the swift- 
ness of the current on the Virginia side and by the delays 
incident to bringing back the woimdcd. Thus we waited in 
wearisome expectancy. Meanwhile the word was passed that 
Col. Baker had fallen, and soon after his body was carried by. 
I have no language for what followed this appalling blow. 
Those who were present can never forget that hour of gloom. 
We lost not a mere military leader, but one who in all respects 
had been our " guide, philosopher and friend." Anon came 
word that the solitary scow between the Island and the Virginia 
shore had swamped with a heavy himian freight, cutting off 
communication, preventing reinforcement from our side and 
rendering retreat from the other side impracticable. And then 
as night closed around came nmiors thick and fast that a most 
frightful tragedy had been enacted, that our little force had 
been overpowered by superior numbers and that himdreds of 



our friends had been ruthlessly slaughtered, some of them being 
bayonctted on the bank, and others shot while attempting to 
swim the river. For myself I soon found measurable relief 
from the heavy oppression in active duty, assisting my fellow 
surgeons in the needful operations upon the wounded and in 
seeuriug them extempore plaees of repose until a late hour in 
the night when I followed uiy regiment back to camp. 

November 1. It is now ten days since the calamity of Ball's 
Bluff. I am still puzzled in regard to the full meaning of 
that unfortunate movement, but as nothing else is talked about 
I gain some points every daj', particularly in conversation with 
officials from Headquarters. I am annoyed to hear so many 
harsh epithets applied to Gtn. Stnnc. I believe they arc as 
unv/arrantcd as they arc inconsiderate. It may be that I am 
unduly prejudiced by tokens of personal favor, but I have 
more numerous and more pleasant mementoes to cherish of 
Col. Baker's kindness of heart. In the one ease, tJaey were the 
result of casual interviews ; in the other, of an intimacy the 
reminiseences of which I shall always gratefully treasure. To 
accuse Gen. Stone of madness, or incompetency, or of playing 
into the hands of the rebels nn the other side of the river, is, 
I believe, as utterly unjustifiable as to charge Col. Baker with 
rashness and precipitancy. If Gen. Stone exceeded his orders, 
it was not through any promptings of disobedience, or, as has 
been alleged in some quarters, — and it is quite incomprehensible 
to me, — through treachery. The worst that can be said about 
him is that he was superservieeable. And if Baker was driven 
to an extremity which necessitated the sacrifice of his life, it 
v.'as not because he Avas rash or desperate, but simply because 
as a good soldier he was compelled to follow out his instructions. 
We are convinced from his actions, and from some of his 
remarks, particularly when he eharaeterized an order received, 
as his " death warrant," that he had a presentiment that he 
was fated to lead a forlorn hope, but we knew that he was just 
the man to welcome, not to shirk a duty imposed, even though, 
with far-reaching diaeernment, he saw beyond it all, the preci- 



pice and the abyss. It was not the reckless acceptance of the 
hazard of a die ; it was simple obedience, simple duty, but 
obedience hailed with pleasure, and duty performed mth alac- 
rity ; and once in for it, there was no backing out, " nulla 
vestigia retrorsum." Individually, his bravery verged upon 
the extreme of indifference, but it was not the foolhardiness 
that would risk a cause, and especially a cause upon which 
rested ike hopes of millions. It is easy to see now what a 
fatal mistake Gen. Stone made in his programme, but it is not 
so easy to say whether any one else in his place would have 
avoided similar error. It is evident that he did not anticipate 
a severe conflict, or he would have made better provision for 
transportation, and thereby for reinforcement and retreat, than 
that afforded by three miserable flatboats. We know now that 
it was not the design of Gen. McClellan to bring on a general 
engagement at any point. We know that McCall's temporary 
occupation of Dranesville, Gorman's artillery practice and 
feints of crossing at Edward's Ferry, and Devens' scouting in 
the direction of Leesburg were parts of a general reconnoissance, 
the object of which was to ascertain the exact position and 
force of the enemy in our front. If we rightly interpret the 
tenor of Gen. Stone's written orders we are to infer that he 
believed from our combined demonstrations the enemy would 
Avithdraw toward Goose Creek where they could more advan- 
tageously mass, and where they could find the best defensive 
position. In the order dated 11.50 a. m., he says, " I am in- 
formed that the force of the enemy, all told, is about 4000 men. 
If you can push them, you may do so as far as to have a strong 
position near Leesburg, if you can keep them before you, avoid- 
ing their batteries. If they pass Leesburg and take the Green 
Springs road, you will not follow far, but seize the first good 
position to cover that road. Their design is to draw us on, 
if they are obliged to retreat, as far as Goose Creek, where they 
can be reinforced from Manassas, and have a strong position." 

All night long we heard the locomotive whistles on the other 
side. Train after train came ponrii^ up from Manasras with 



Confederate reinforcements. Every hour showed what a fear- 
ful miscalculation had been made. Every day since has 
proved that the original movement should have ceased on 
Sunday night. To undertake, on the next day, to push 4000 
men with less than half that number, and when our little party 
was liable to be overpowered by the arrival, at any moment, 
of ten times 4,000, and that, too, after selecting the worst 
crossing and the worst landing on the river, with an utter lack 
of transportation, or indeed, preparation of any kind, was a 
procedure, which, if we were to judge it on its face, and to 
decide it in accordance with its appearances, we should feel 
obliged to condemn as a piece of immeasurable and inexplicable 
folly. Nevertheless, we must await the revelations of Time 
before pronouncing a verdict. Meanwhile, we have one assur- 
ance for which we cannot feel too grateful. All the testimony 
confirms the fact that true courage never had a finer illustra- 
tion than was presented by our boys on that fatal field. "When 
they found that they were hopelessly entrapped and irreme- 
diably cut off, instead of yielding to panic or dismay, they 
coolly determined to sell their lives at the dearest possible cost. 
They have proved to the world that there was no better stuff 
at Thermopylae. They have shown the material of which our 
soldiers are made, their admirable morals, their steady disci- 
pline, their invincible courage, their devotion to the cause, their 
reliability in the last extremity, and what is not least in point 
of encouragement, they have been the first in the work of 
effacing the stinging memories of Bull Eun, and in neutralizing 
its demoralizing influences. 

February 9th, 1862. Word came this evening that Gen. 
Stone had been arrested, and was already on his way to Eort 
Lafayette. Our perplexity knew no bounds. After Father 
Martin's evening services, I went to his tent. We filled our 
pipes and sat down in silence, for I saw that the chaplain's 
heart was full. Said he, at length, " I have been Gen. Stone's 
father confessor so long that I believe I know him better than 
any man living. He comes to my tent, or I visit him in 


Poolesville, as you know, nearly every day. We ride together, 
dine together, chat and read together, and go up in the balloon 
together, continually. Aside from his religious duties, of 
which he is faithfully observant, he has been as open and free 
as air in all his intercourse, -i more communicative man I 
never met. Among the silly rumors I have heard is a charge 
of disloyalty. I have no patience with anything so false. I'll 
stake my life on his loyalty. Yes," he repeated with vehem- 
ence, rising from his stool, I'll stake my life on that. iSTo, 
no, it's not that. But how absurd it is, too. Why, consider a 
moment, if Gen. Stone had been treacherous to the cause, how 
easy it would have been, by precoucerted measures, to have 
moved his whole division over the river to be syirrounded and 
gobbled up. This stuff about treachery all comes from his 
intercommunication with the other side through this miserable 
fellow down here at the Potomac, Elijah White. I never a^'iod 
the General, how a man can be made subservient to his pur- 
pose who seems more likely to play into the hands of the rebels, 
but I know that through him valuable information has been 
repeatedly obtained. Well, we'll have this painful myotory 
cleared up after awhile. Let us wait patiently till we learn the 
official charges. Take my word for it, he'll come out from the 
court-martial that tries him with dean skirts and a record all 
the brighter for bciu£r ventilated. An enemy has done this, 
and it will recoil upon the wretch, whoever he is, tenfold. 
This business must be looked into forthwith. We can't afford 
to lose the services of such expert artillerists, to say nothing 
of his capacity as a general officer. We have not a super- 
abundance of such trained material in the Union army. More- 
over, we can't forget his services to the nation on the occasion 
of Mr. Lincoln's inauguration, and the special thanks of Gen. 
Scott for the marked efficieney he exhibited with the small 
force at his disposal. I am inclined to think that his inju- 
dicious letter in reply to Mr. Sumner's strictures has done this 
business. I was told by Gen. Stone that that exasperated 
Senator had openly vowed vengeance, and it may be that this 



is the shape in whieh it has come. If so, we'll have another 
conflict between the civil and the military, and it remains to 
be seen which is stronger." 

The trial never took place. Evidently some third party is 
mixed up in this affair who is likely to wear a disguise as 
impenetrable as the " iron mask." 

I pass over the Winchester expedition, merely remarking 
that Gen. Sedgwick took command of our division on the way 
to Harper's Ferry, and also that we were overjoyed when we 
learned that we were to be transferred from Gen. Banks, in 
whom we had no conf!d(;ii;c whatever, to Gen. McClellan, in 
whom there was no lack of confidence. 

Thursday, April Srd. Kode from our camp at Hampton 
over to Old Point to lay in a stock of provisions for our march. 
While there, joined some friends in a visit to the Fortress. 
After inspecting the various objects of interest, we took occa- 
sion to call upon Major-General Wool. In the course of con- 
versation he said emphatically, " Gentlemen, you will have an 
easy march to liichmond ; you will encounter no serious inter- 
ruptions; the enemy will fall back as you advance, and my 
only fear is that they will retreat to some point so far beyond 
Richmond fo extend the lines of communication and supply 
to a most inconvenient distance from a water base." After 
our departure a colonel in our little party on referring to this 
remark, said, " This old martinet talks at random, and if we 
trust to him we shall be badly fooled. God help us if we have 
to look for guidance to such epaiilctted grannies. He had 
better take Norfolk and finish up the Merrimac before indulg- 
ing in such complacency and painting the future in such rose 

Friday, April Ath. At last the On to Richmond is fairly 
sounded, and our tramp up the peninsula commences. Left 
Hampton early in the morning and marched to Great Bethel, 
where our feelings were stirred by memories of the early deaths 



of Winthrop and Greble, and tlie blundering and stupid mis- 
management of Pierce. Here for the first time we met the 
regulars, several regiments passing us on the march. Of 
course it is heresy to say that they are not the finest body of 
soldiers the sun ever shone upon, but I simply record the united 
conviction of our volunteers that, so far as externals go, it 
would be hard to rake up a meaner looking set of scallawags 
than the regular privates. Went to our grassy beds supperless, 
our wagons having been impeded by broken-down artillery. 

Saturday, April 5th. Kesumed our march at 3 a. ii. Halted 
at Howard's mill during a heavy rain, and inspected the for- 
midable defences at that point which had been abandoned by 
the enemy. Gen. McClellan and staff passed during our halt. 
As this was his first appearance since leaving Old Point, he 
was enthusiastically cheered along the line. I believe I 
hurrahed as loudly as any one, though if I were asked why, I 
should be puzzled to tell. I certainly am very much attached 
to him, and I suppose we are all more or less addicted to hero- 
worship. We sadly feel the need of some one to lean upon, to 
help us out of our troubles, and to steer us clear of the breakers. 
Our commander comes to us with high endorsements, and his 
name is already a bow of promise. We know that he is an 
engineer, and we believe that he is a strategist We mean to 
have him all we would like to have him. We invest him, by 
common consent, with the qualities which made Frederick 
great, and Marlborough conspicuous. We look upon him as 
the rising star of our country's salvation. At the same time, 
little misgivings occasionally thrust themselves in, and I become 
apprehensive that we may be in too much of a hurry, that 
we are honoring and applauding him not for what he has done, 
but for what we believe he will do, for presumptive glories, 
not for crovraing fruition, and that after all, it is just possible 
that we may be styling him the Young Napoleon on the " lucus 
a non lucendo " principle. — After taking up the line of march 
again, we pushed on to a point within five miles of York- 
town. We noted that though a train of Headquarters wagons. 




thirty in number passed by, everything being made subservient 
to their progress, no other wagons were visible, and conse- 
quently we breakfasted, dined and supped on thin air. 

Sunday, April Qth. Another morning without rations. This 
privation is becoming serious. We are realizing how inexorable 
is that physiological law which requires the periodical replenish- 
ing of the human breadbasket. Wp must profit by this result of 
inexperience and learn to carry concentrated food in our haver- 
sacks hereafter. Our horses are a little better off, finding 
grass to nibble. I am fain to beg a cracker from some of our 
men, but unfortunately, they have not half enough for them- 
selves, and I must remember that while they are out on guard 
and picket duty at night, I can sleep. About noon our camp 
chest arrived, and we pitched into its contents in a style that 
would have done credit to a pack of famished wolves. 

Sunday, April 13th. To-day we had a general inspection and 
review. Verily, this army is becomir^ famous for reviews. 
Well, it seems more like the pomp and circumstance of actual 
war than the last few days. During the rainy and chilly week 
past we seem to have been transformed into woodmen. Nothing 
has been heard in any direction but the ring of the axe. We 
have mapped out the woods with new roads, and corduroyed 
the swamps for miles, for no other purpose, apparently, than to 
benefit the inhabitants of this miserable region when the war 
is over. 

Monday and Tuesday, April Hth and 15th. Two days of 
rest. Staid in bed to keep warm, the rain quenching the fires. 
As the Major and I now occupy the same tent, we pass the 
time in chatting and smoking our pipes. When we have 
nothing else to talk about, we make our wills, consigning to 
each other's care our personal effects in case we fall in battle. 

Wednesday, April 16th. Once more a gleam of susshine. 
Eode with the Quartermaster over to Cheeseman's creek to for- 
age for oysters, and secured as many as wc could carry back. 
At Ship Point we visited the famous rebel camp upon which 
a Polish Colonel had expended so vast an amount of er^neering 



skill. Everything was tasteful and elaborate, the barracks, 
the offices, the chapel, the stables, the paved ways, and the 
surrounding fortifications exhibiting an amount of labor almost 
incredible. We are not surprised to learn that this Slavonian 
soldier resigned in disgust when compelled by order of Magru- 
der to evaeuate a work whieh was to him a source of infinite 
pride. On our return we called at several houses to procure 
milk. We encountered some of the saddest eases of destitution 
I ever beheld. Many of the women and children had but a 
single calico gown to cover them. Their stock of provisions 
was nearly exhausted, all that was left being a little corn meal, 
and in some cases, a little bacon, while God only knew where 
the next was to eome from. No men were to be seen, all having 
been conscripted into the Confederate army. Heard at Grafton 
church that we were under marching orders. Hastened to 
camp and found everything in motion. Advanced two miles 
and bivouacked for the night, having a very palatable oyster 
stew to sleep on. Xcxt morning on looking over the root of 
the tree whieh formed my pillow, found I had a bedfellow 
comfortably eoiled up in the shape of a large snake. 

Thursday, May Isi. E'ot the historic May day of song and 
story. Everything soaked with rain, chilly and cheerless. But 
we are gradually becoming amphibious. Eour weeks' inunda- 
tions have failed to drown us out, and rheumatism has not 
yet anchylosed our joints. Every other day we regularly take 
our turn at the front, almost within pistol shot of the rebel lines, 
and as we find " water, water, everywhere," the only alternative 
presented is either to lie down in it, or to stand up in it. Fires 
are not permitted, as they would serve as beacons to concentrate 
iipon as a shower of canister. To add to our discomfort and 
perplexity after a night dreary and wearisome beyond expression, 
morning light frequently reveals our horsee sunk up to their 
bellies in some miserable quagmire or quicksand. After being 
pretty thoroughly saturated by twenty-four hours of exposure, 
we are relieved by some other brigade, and go back to eamp 
to dry off. 



This running parallels by gradual approaches is tedious 
business. Two weeks ago an eltort was made to break the rebel 
line in its weakest point near Warwick river, but it proved a 
dismal failure, some of the linest Vermont companies in Baldy 
Smith's eommaud having been sacrificed at Lee's Mills in a 
manner and under circumstances which have subjected him to 
very marked, though unmerited execration. That slaughter will 
always stand out as one of the darkest and most sorrowful 
pictures of the war, but it had its uses. It showed the madness 
of storming works so arranged that sluices could be opened in 
force and quantity sufficient to drown an invading party. It 
proved that unless with the assistance of the gunboats in York 
river we coidd accomplish a flank movement on the rebel left, 
we must undertake a regular siege. ITotwithstanding the 
amount of rain that has fallen we have made considerable ad- 
vance. Every night we unmask some new battery, and we are 
rapidly bridging swamps for the transportation of our siege 
guns. At some points our men work all day in the face of the 
rebel batteries, and within six hundred yards, throwing up earth- 
works and raising block observatories. They are sufficiently pro- 
tected by Bcrdan's sharpshooters, who, with their heavy telescopic 
rifles, are posted at every available point. If a rebel gunner 
makes his appearance at the embrasure he is sure to be picked off 
by these unerring marksmen. Sometimes, in desperation, the 
negroes are driven by the officers to the guns at the point of the 
bayonet, but they are invariably sure to get a quietus from a 
dozen leaden messengers of death. One morning we directed 
Gen. Sumner's attention to a man in the top of a tree more than 
three-quarters of a mile distant, who had for days been posted 
to watch our movements, and whom we thought it time to dis- 
lodge. Two of Berdan's men were sent for, and one of them, 
after carefully sighting his piece on a rest, pulled the trigger, 
and down dropped the rebel. 

Sunday, May Hh. Awakened early in the morning by the 
exciting intelligence that the rebels had evacuated their works, 
and w€Te in full retreat to Williamdb«Tg. Soon after came 



the orders for occupation and pursuit. The left flank being 
advanced to Williamsburg, we were Held in reserve, apparently 
destined for Yorktown. We did not get started, however, until 
next morning, remaining under arms all day and night and 
our baggage packed. It became known through some straggling 
prisoner, that the evacuation, which was not discovered until 
completion, had been going on for four days, — so we had ample 
time for speculation upon the value of Lowe's balloon as a means 
of reconnoitering. After such an experience as this — allowing 
the rebels to quietly pack up their traps and leisurely walk 
away till out of sight, — the aeronautic windbag was unanimously 
voted a pretty but very expensive plaything. 

Monday, May 5th. At daylight we proceeded, in a heavy 
rain, through mud whose depth and tenacity I have never seen 
equalled. The wagons and artillery becoming inextricably 
stuck in the narrow roads, we were compelled to dodge through 
the woods and thickets until we arrived on the plains of York- 
town, near the spot where Cornwallis surrendered in 1780. I 
rode immediately into one of the abandoned fortifications, taking 
it as a type of the series across the peninsula, and for an hour 
and a half inspected minutely the objects of interest, the cabins, 
store houses, paved streets, covered ways, bomb-proofs, maga- 
zines, hot shot furnaces, siege guns, etc., all displaying the result 
of an incalculable amount of labor. Soon after my return I 
found that I had escaped with whole bones from one of the most 
diabolical modes of assassination ever resorted to by any fiendish 
sprigs of chivalry. Percussion shells and torpedoes were secretly 
planted wherever any one would be likely to tread, but either the 
pouring rain had melted the fuses, or my lucky horse chanced to 
step on harmless ground. An hour later, John Green, Co. D, in 
the adjoining fort where the famous Whitworth gun had burst, 
trod on a concealed shell. His left leg was torn off at the knee 
and carried over the immense rampart into the ditch. Being 
at a considerable distance from camp, twenty-five minutes 
elapsed before I could reach him in responfse to the message. 
StiU conscious, but sinking from hemorrhage and nervous shook. 



Amputated thigh at middle, tied the femoral artery, and was 
looking for the profunda when he ceased to breathe. It was a 
sorrowful scene, and one made more solemn by the gloom of the 
drizzling rain, and more impressive by the indignant faces and 
the muttered vengeance of the hundreds who were looking on. 
And yet we were destined to learn before nightfall that John 
Green was only the first of twelve noble fellows who were hurled 
successively into eternity by these infernal contrivances. 

Late in the afternoon we were ordered out. Remained under 
arms till next morning. It was rumored that the enemy instead 
of escaping from Williamsburg had been so hotly pressed by 
our left wing that they were compelled to assume the defensive. 
It was uncertain for some hours whether our assistance would 
be needed in that direction, or whether we would embark on 
the transports for West Point. It drizzled all night and the 
mud was ankle deep. The men were forced to stand all the 
dreary hours, or to lie down in the mire. They were ready to 
sink from excessive fatigue, when, on a sudden, late in the star- 
less night, some of the Massachusetts men and Baxter's Zouaves 
spontaneously broke out with the soul-stirring strains of the 
Coronation Anthem. It was sublime. It inspired us with new 
life, and for a time we forgot our dismal plight. There are in 
our two flanking zouave companies quite a number of young 
men of the Hebrew faith, and I was glad to see that they shared 
in the enthusiasm, and did not reject its revivifying influences 
because of the significant language, " All hail the power of 
Jesus' name." It is another evidence that our men, as soldiers, 
are animated by a common purpose, and united by a common 
bond of sympathy, " slaves to no code or creed confined." It 
reminded me of that sad evening of Ball's Bluff when we all 
devoutly kneeled on the towpath of the canal to receive Father 
Dillon's blessing. I never heard that any one hesitated to 
kneel because the good old man was a Eoman Catholic. 

Wednesday, May 1th. Franklin's Division from Gen. 
McDowell's corps, and Porter's Division from Heintzelman's 
Corps, went up the York river yesterday, and we are to follow 



to-day, Sedgwick's Division beiag temporarily detached from 
Sumner's corps to assist in intercepting the retreat of the rebels 
toward Eichmond. Our success at Williamsburg, we learn, has 
been far beyond what was at first reported. While the trans- 
ports are loading, we have time to look about this antiquated 
town with its quaint buildings, its grave yard and tombstones 
over two hundred years old, and what interests us most of all, 
the revolutionary earthworks still standing. In examining the 
Confederate fortifications, -wiioee extent and massiveness is 
worth a trip across the Atlantic to see, we step as if on glass, or 
on the brink of a precipice, every now and then discovering one 
of the little red fuses thickly planted by rebel barbarity. In 
the course of our perigrinations we call upon an old friend, 
Van Alen of the Cavalry, now Military Governor of Yorktown, 
and he informs us that one of the sanguinary wretches who 
assisted in placing the torpedoes, and who knows their location, 
has been taken prisoner, and that he will be compelled to dig 
them up. 

West Point, at the jimction of two streams which form the 
York river, is twenty five miles above Yorktown. On our 

arrival M'e learned that Franklin's Division had a sharp contest 
with the rebels, and that had it not been for the timely arrival 
of his batteries, and the effective assistance of the gunboats,' 
he might have suffered a serious reverse. As it happened, the 
rebs were routed, and are now escaping to the defences of Rich- 
mond in quick time. We expect to follow in due season either 
by way of ^Torth Kent Court House, or Cumberland landing. 

Wednesday, May IMh. We are still quietly encamped at 
Eltham on the Pamunky river. We have had a good rest and 
have received our letters and papers regularly. Our mess was 
on the broad grin to-day over an ofiicial report of the engage- 
ment at Williamsburg. It was full of transparent applause of 
certain favorites, and either ignored or damned with faint praise 
those who were outside the charmed circle. One of the most 
grandiloquent passages was in reference to a charge upon a line 
of entrenchments, which was represented to have been immeas- 


uiably superb and brilliant. Of course, this fancy statement 
will pass into history, whereas the truth is that all the resistance 
the charging squadrons met at that point was from seventeen 
sick men who had been left behind by the rebels. And this set 
us to discussing the materials of whidi history is made. Wal- 
pole, one day after his retirement from the ministry, snubbed his 
daughter, who had proposed to read some historical work for 
his amusement, with the impatient remark : " Anything but his- 
tory, for history must be false." Walpole, as a man of letters, 
must have been familiar with the ancient saying, 

'OXySto? oarK rrji laroptai 

(Blessed is he who possesses a Imowledge of history.) But he 
evidently was not inclined to its respectful remembrance. He 
had so often, in turning the enticing and deceptive leaves with 
moistened fingers, transferred to his tongue the ftagraut but 
poisonous dew of fiction, that he had become blunted to the 
perception of the line of demarcation. 

How far Walpole's feverish remark will be applicable to the 
future history of this war is a question for very serious con- 
sideration and not a prompting to be scouted at. Wiseacres like 
to flatter themselves that they know what songs the syrens sang. 
And so we are apt to fall back complacently upon the volumi- 
nous mass of evidence which is accumulating day by day through 
official reports, and the letters of newspaper correspondents. 
Undoubtedly, in these respects Ave are in advance of the past. 
We are the gainers not only by the carefully recorded messages 
tiansmitted over the electric wires, but by the thronging letters 
which a faithful post conveys to every household in the land, 
recounting the observations and the experiences of their repre- 
sentatives in the field. Only we are admonished by such 
egregious favoritism as is displayed in this official report, and 
by the imaginative facts and overdra^vn fictions of sensation 
sheets like the Philadelphia Inquirer, of the possibility that 
some future Bancroft may unwittingly utter as big falsehoods 



about this war as "were ever told of Xerxes, or Hannibal, or 
Eichard III, or Andrew Jackson. We must remember that 
the value of individual testimony is often impaired by the 
warpings of prejudice, and by those mists which are apt to fade 
away in the light of distance. Individuals see through media 
of different refractive power, and, just as before a jury it is 
better to have the concurrent evidence of two or more witnesses. 
If I were to say that Gen. A. B. was intoxicated on the battle 
field, not from the iatemal evidence arising from the fact that 
no sober officer would wilfully sacrifice his best men in the 
barbarous manner ia which he impelled them to certain de- 
struction, but from personal observation on the ground, another 
may bring the rebutters of X, Y and Z. I am bound to confess 
that X, Y and Z are honorable men. I speak not to disprove 
what they spoke, and all I can then say is that if A. B. was not 
drunk, I do not know what alcoholic intoxication is. 

We must also recollect that as individual participants in this 
contest, our attention is chiefly or exclusively occupied by what' 
is transpiring around us, that our vision is necessarily limited 
to the immediate sphere of operations, that in a line stretching, 
it may be, for a score of miles, it is always difficult, and often 
impossible to perceive the mutual relations of movements appar- 
ently not co-operative, or even contradictory, and that more 
especially is one apt to become confused or distracted by the . 
smoke and blaze and dust and roar of battle. 

I pass over the incidents of our march from this point, and 
come to the period of our completion of Sumner's upper bridge 
over the Chickahominy. This bridge was about three miles 
above the railroad crossing, and half way between Bottom's 
bridge — ^which is a mile lower dovm the creek — and the outposts 
of the left wing, which stretched from Fair Oaks Station on the 
Eailroad to Seven Piaes on the Williamsburg road. 

Saturday, May Zlst. This morning we had a visit from the 
Paymaster, at our camp on Tyler's place, and the different 



regiments were successively recalled from the Grape Vine 
bridge, to which they were giving the finishing touches, in order 
to be paid off. Soon after dinner we heard the booming of 
guns in the direction of our advance on the left, and a sub- 
sequent summons for reinforcements was followed by marching 
orders. We supported Kirby's battery as usual. Over the cor- 
duroy roads which our boys had constructed, and over the 
bridge in which they felt a commendable pride, Kirby's horses 
galloped in fine style, but we found on the other side of the 
creek some embarassing morasses through which it was with the 
greatest difficulty that the guns were dragged. One of them 
sank to such a depth that it was temporarily abandoned. On 
we sped, frequently ui^ed to the double quick by those officers 
who understood the need of exertion to prevent the left wing 
from being cut off. Between five and six o'clock we arrived on 
the ground, and found that Casey, whose division formed the 
advanced guard of Gen. Key's corps had been driven back more 
than a mile, and that the left wing had been disordered by the 
repeated onsets of greatly superior numbers, and almost over- 
powered. We were just in the nick of time. As the left flank 
of the enemy was endeavoring to cut ofi Key's exhausted divi- 
sions before reinforcements could arrive, Sumner ranged his 
lines in the open space made by a clearing near the Oourteney 
house, to oppose their advance. As they emerged from the 
woods only a few yards distant, Kirby's twelve pound ITapo- 
leons saluted them at short range with grape and canister, while 
at the same moment the Chasseurs and Minnesota men who 
had been concealed behind the fence at the edge of the wood 
suddenly uprose and poured into them a most galling and des- 
tructive fire. Over the prostrate forms of the fallen came desper- 
ately rushing on the bravest troops Johnston could send, but 
the relentless Kirby swept them down as with a scythe. Again 
they tried it, this time the Hampton Legion, — but the havoc 
made by the rapid discharges of five Napoleons was so ever- 
whelming that they fled in confusion, followed by our boys, who 
pursued them at the point of the bayonet as far as the railroad, 



when night closed the combat. Thus, most fortunately, by a 
timely arrival on the field were we enabled to convert a disaster 
into a victory. 

Of course, the medical olBcers had a busy night of it. There 
was surgery ad infimtum, and though they worked faithfully 
till the dawn of the Sabbath morning, there were still hundreds 
claiming their attention when the roar of musketry in the 
direction of Seven Pines announced the resumption of active 
hostilities. All morning the battle raged fiercely, but we had 
no fear of the result, and worked away as if it were already 
decided, the wounded of both sides claiming at our hands the 
attention due to a common humanity. Among those who were 
placed on our operating table was Gen. Howard, whose right 
elbow joint had been shattered by a Minie ball. After re- 
moving the arm, and allowing the influence of the chloroform 
to pass o£F, we found him more solicitous about the propriety 
of his conduct than the loss of his arm. He had witnessed the 
queer antics and heard the maudlin expressions of others during 
the first stage of the anaesthetic effect, and when assured that he 
had cut no capers but had gone quietly to sleep, he appeared to 
be relieved of a weight that was more distressful than the 
privation he had just suffered. Soon after, the smoke of the 
conflict cleared away, and we were rejoicing over a decisive 

In the afternoon I stole away for an hour from the work of 
sawing bones, extracting bullets, and setting fractures, to ride 
over the battle field. In one spot, in the direct range of Kirby's 
iron hail, counted thirty graybacks piled up within a space of 
about eighteen feet square. They were in all imaginable pos- 
tures, most of them with the right arm extended in the act of 
dravTing the ramrod. The weather being exceedingly hot, two 
long trenches were already in course of excavation. The dead 
were laid in them side by side, in the one, the blue coats, in 
the other, the gray, as fast as they could be removed, 

" No uselens coffiss enclosed their breBsts, 
'Sw im sheet, nor in-abtrad we woBsd th^," 



though here and there some tender-hearted private would take 
his own blanket and wrap it around the body of a fallen 

Saturday, June 7th. Sent off the last installment of our 
wounded to the General Hospitals, and hope to have a little 
rest and recuperation. Dressing wounds night and day for a 
week of this hot weather, enfeebled with chronic diarrhoea, and 
nearly famished up to the period when we were driven to a 
trial of the efficacy of mule soup and mule steaks, we are pretty 
well used up. That frightful storm of Sunday night which 
swelled the Chickahominy to a flood and washed away our pet 
bridge in common with other crossings, not only cut us off from 
our commissary stores and hospital supplies, but would have 
seriously endangered our position had we not routed the enemy 
so completely. From scouts and prisoners and Eichmond 
papers we learn that our victory at Seven Pines was of vastly 
greater consequence than was at first presumed. It is even 
whispered that Gen. Joe Johnston was badly wounded, that his 
scattered columns hurried back to Eichmond in a disorganized 
and panic-stricken mass, and that if McCleUan had followed 
up his advantage as he should have done, we would all have 
been in Eichmond on Sunday evening. 

Tuesday, June 10th. After being shifted about from one 
locality to another we are finally to squat plump in a swamp 
near the railroad. The mud is several inches deep since the 
rain, but we hope it will dry off after awhile. As there are 
no springs near, we shall have to drink surface water. Of 
course, we i^haU get sick, but protest is unavailing. The only 
time I ever came near being placed in arrest was after remon- 
strating with the General for camping us in a marsh. When 
the engineers run their lines they are no respecters of hygienic 
conditions. The Union lines are now in the form of a V, the 
point of the angle being nearest Eichmond, and Sedgwick and 
Eichardson happen to occupy that point. 

Saturday, June IMh. Had another ferruginous dose from 
the rebels lliis morai^. They scatter tteir iran compliments 



around here as if they meant to hurt somebody. One shell 
burst directly over me, and the pieces arranged themselves in 
a circumference of which I formed the centre. 

Standing in front of my hospital tent with a field officer, 
who affected a great contempt for the rank and file, a body was 
brought out of a neighboring hospital for interment. ' I won- 
der,' said I, ' if that isn't Captain ' ' No,' he replied, ' it's 

only a private.' After dinner the tone of that remark rang 
in my ears, and as I put it in my pipe, the whiffs answered. 
Only a private ! " Hath not a Jew eyes, hands, organs, dimen- 
sions, senses, affections, passions ? fed with the same food, hurt 
with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by 
the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and 
summer ? " Are there not as glistening eyes straining after 

him as for Captain ? Are there not as weary hearts 

yearning for his coming? And when the shadow falls upon 
the far distant household, will not the gloom be as deep, and 
the agony as fearful? I am sick of this military cant which 
draws so broad a line of distinctiveness between men who carry 
a musket and men who wear a sword. I don't forget that 
among those who went into the " three month's service," there 
was a profusion of convicts, paupers and reckless adventurers. 
But among our men I find no such characters. On the contrary, 
I find among them a large number whose intelligence, whose 
patriotism, whose moral and pecuniary worth, and whose social 
position at home are equal to those of many of their officers, 
and superior to some of them. With the exception of the chap- 
lain, I am brought by the nature of my relations into closer 
contact with them than are the rest of the field and staff, and 
in my visits to the pickets on stormy nights, in my intercourse 
with the wounded on the battlefield and the sick in the hospital, 
I have had better opportunities than others of knowing their 
secret thoughts and feelings, and learning their inner life, and 
I assert without fear of contradiction that such sterling material 
never before entered into the composition of the mass of any 
army on earth. We have a fair &prinkling of bummers, but 



instead of demoralizing their betters by tbeir presence, they are 
only laughed at. As for morale and discipline, our men are 
unequalled. When officers storm and chew the juice out of 
all the superlatives of profanity for being ordered to camp in 
some filthy mire or puddle, no syllable of remonstrance is heard 
from the men. When officers satirize or stigmatize the gov- 
ernment for not sending the Paymaster, the privates simply 
bear about them a quiet pain, while those who have no suffering 
families at home make it a subject of jocularity. These are 
not what Horace meant when he expressed his hatred of the 
" profanum vulgus." These are not they to whom Burke re- 
ferred when he spoke of the " swinish multitude." I have read 
their letters, listened to their tales of home, heard their songs, 
witnessed their courage in action, admired their fortitude under 
privation, shared their crusts and their coffee, and received 
their dying injunctions, and whatever may be the case elsewhere, 
whatever may have been the fact heretofore, or may be the fact 
hereafter, these men appreciate their mission, and are earnest 
in the execution of a high resolve. 

Saturday, June 21si. "So one pretends to conceal his dis- 
satisfaction with our position and prospects. Besides the physi- 
cal wear and tear to whieh we are subjected, our attention is 
kept on the perpetual strain by the picket-skirmishings continu- 
ally kept up. We are so close to the enemy that we may be 
attacked at any moment. Raiding parties keep up a feverish 
excitement night after night, so that sleep is out of the question. 
We do not comprehend why, instead of being harassed by these 
ever recurring alarms, we do not asBume the aggressive, and 
move on to Kichmond. One thing is certain, that every hour 
we are becoming weaker and weaker. Every day half a dozen 
of my men are either killed or wounded on the picket lines, and 
a dozen are laid on their backs with malarious fever. At 
this rate the army is losing its effective strength to the ex- 
tent of a whole brigade a day. If we had gone to Eich- 
mond in the first place, even under the most disadvanta- 
geous circumstances, instead of easily crowning by an ad- 



vance our triumph at Seven Pines, we could not have lost 
a tithe of the men who are now melting away under the 
bullets of treacherous videttes and the consuming fires of fever. 
We have reason to fear that we are in the position of Oapt. 
Parry's Arctic voyagers who travelled on foot over the ice 
toward the North Pole at the rate of 10 miles a day, while the 
ice fields on which they travelled were drifting toward the 
equator at the rate of 12 miles a day. While we are hourly 
becoming enfeebled, it may be, for aught we know, that the 
enemy are gaining strength. It is now a month since the 
evacuation of Corinth, and it is possible that some of Beaure- 
gard's forces may at this moment be confronting us. Then 
we know that Stonewall Jackson may at any time sweep down 
from Northern Virginia to strengthen Gen. Lee's left wing 
and outflank us. I am convinced from the despondent tones 
of our most intelligent officers that they bdieve the golden 
opportunity has flown beyond recovery. 

In less than a week after these apprehensions were ex- 
pressed they were realized. We were outflanked, outwitted, 
outgeneralled, and we were compelled to effect that famous 
" change of base," which, if agreeable, will form the materials 
of a future paper. 


The following letters of Mr. J. J. Speed, the one to Governor 
Thomas and the other to Mr. George Peabody, have never been 
published except in the newspapers of the period, and are here 
printed as found in the Executive Archives. The letter of 
Governor Thomas referred to herein, is printed in part in Scharf's 
History of Maryland, Vol. 3, at page 217. A letter of Mr. 


Peabody to Mr. J. J. Speed appeared in this Magazine, Vol. 3, 
at page 119. 

Baltimore, 13th. Nov., 1848. 

His Excellency Philip F. Thois^, 

My dear Sir ; 

In our hurried interview at Annapolis, two days ago, I had 
barely time to mention to you that I had received your kind 
note, with the package for Mr. Peabody and the copy of your 
admirable letter to him with which you honored me. After that 
able composition there was little left for me to say to our friend 
abroad; but I have attempted something; and, in return for 
your courtesy and kindness, permit me to enclose you a copy of 
it, and allow me to thank you for your consideration and partial 
regard in selecting me to dis^arge thifi pleasing duty. 

Tomorrow I will confer with Mr. Peabody's commercial 
friends here ; and, in a few days, as soon as the columns of the 
News Papers are relieved from the masses of election statistics 
with which they are, now, daily encumbered, the papers will be 
given to the public press, and the originals will then be for- 
warded to London. This will probably be in four or live days. 

I am, my dear Sir, with high consideration and regard. 

Your Ensured friend, 

J. J. Speed. 
Baltimore, 13th. Nov., 1848. 

To George Peabody, Esquire, 

My dear Sir : 

The Governor of Maryland, referring, I presume, to my late 
correspondence with you on several public topics, has chosen to 
make me the instrument of transmitting to you the Ile6oluti(ms 
of the Legislature, passed at its late session, tendering you the 
thanks of the Government for your effective zeal and prominent 



agency in upholding the honor of the State, in its late afflictions, 
in a foreign land, and in presenting its integrity, in true lights, 
to foreign minds. When you reflect that these Resolutions convey 
the thanks of a Sovereign State — one of those that laid the 
foundations of this Republic — for services tendered her reputa- 
tion abroad, you will not fiiil to prize the distinction, but will, 
I know, regard it with the emotion it is so well calculated to 
awaken. In social life, we are often assured, there is no higher 
impulse than that which prompts us to shield from accusation the 
good name of an absent friend ; and the charities of our nature 
are never more beautifully displayed than when employed in 
covering the blemishes of those with whom we are connected by 
kindred ties ; but the love of country is a nobler passion ; the 
impulses of patriotism are nobler emotions ; and what prouder 
political duty can the citizen discharge than that of upholding, in 
a foreign land, the good name of his country till truth shall come 
to rescue its impugned reputation. I must confess I should covet 
it before the lustre of arms, the achievements of war, the triumphs 
of ambition or any of the more captivating successes of genius. 
And it is your felicity, Sir, to be in the position I thus contem- 
plate; and your happiness, moreover, to be assured that your 
country fully appreciates your services. In this instance, most 
certainly, the Resolutions of the Legislature fiilfil the theory of 
Representative assemblies ,• — they give utterance to the popular 
voice and true expression to the popular sentiment, and I need 
scarcely refer to the perfect unison that exists between the senti- 
ments of the Legislature and those of the Governor in regard to 
your services. His Excellency's letter to you, with a copy of 
which he has honored me, speaks very fully for itself on this head. 

Repudiation is stricken down in Maryland, and will continue 
motionless. In other parts of the confederacy it is sinking back 
into those gloomy abodes of bad minds and vulgar breasts where 
it was engendered, and which, as harbours aud refuges of vice, 
unhappily for mankind, exist in all countries. This great monitor, 
after all, is a sound public sense ; and this is awakened, in Mary- 
land, in its most formidable power. I am happy to report to you 


that our revenue laws are even more effective and fruitful than we 
had hoped for them. The amounts returned into the Treasury 
and the steadiness of the collections have gone beyond the public 
expectation. This, while it denotes diligence and fidelity in the 
administration of the laws, proves also that which is before all 
and above all and our chiefest pride — a devoted willingness on 
the part of the taxpayer. It is not the Government that is paying 
this debt— it is the noble hearted people of Maryland. They, 
themselves, have spontaneously enacted the laws under which 
these great contributions are drawn into the Treasury ; and their 
willing response to the tax gatherer, at their doors, carries out in 
practice the enlightened and just spirit of their legislation. 

Permit me, in conclusion, to assure you of the gratification it 
has afforded me to have been selected as the medium of a com- 
munication so creditable to the Legislature and honorable to 
yourself The spirit that has prompted these resolutions is 
worthy of the enviable relations in which you stand to us, and 
I feel a pride in believing that, generous and disinterested as 
have been your efforts, they have been most fully met by the 
sensibility they have excited and tho just appreciation in which 
they are held by every citizen of Maryland. 

I pray you to believe me, as always. 

Most faithfully yours, 

J. J. Speed. 

Death of Captain Wilmot of the Maeyiand Line, 
fkancis b. culver. 

In planning their campaign for the year 1778, the British 
placed their principal hope of success in conquering the Southern 
states, but they were not able to attempt the execution of their 



design until late in the year. On December 29, Savannah was 
taken and the remnant of the American army was driven into 
South Carolina. 

In December, 1779, Sir Henry Clinton, with 7000 men, set 
sail from New York for the South, arriving at Tybee Island, in 
the vicinity of Savannah, the last of January, 1780. On the 
tenth of the following month he sailed for Charleston, S. C, land- 
ing within thirty miles of the city, and took possession of John's 
Island and Stono Ferry, and afterwards of Wappoo Cut and 
James Island, while a part of his army took post on the banks of 
the Ashley river, opposite Charleston. His forces were soon 
augmented by 1200 troops from Savannah. 

General Lincoln, of the American army, had used every measure 
to put Charleston in a position of defence, in anticipation of the 
siege which was commenced on the first of April, but he was 
forced, after a stubborn resistance, to capitulate to the enemy on 
the twelfth of May, 1780. 

With Charleston in his possession, Clinton proceeded to establish 
the royal government in South Carolina, in which undertaking he 
met with such success, apparently, that he returned to New York, 
leaving Lord Cornwallis in charge of the Southern forces. 

The insolence of the British troops in the Carolinas soon became 
intolerable to the inhabitants and several desultory parties were 
formed, conspicuous among these being the organizations led by 
Marion and Sumter, to harass the enemy at every opportunity. 

The military operations at this period of the war were mainly 
confined to the South under the conduct of General Gates and 
later, of General Greene, who superseded Gates. 

The battles near Camden, at the Cowpens, at Guilford Court- 
house, Hobkirk's Hill, the Eutaws, etc., followed with varying 
results to the American cause, leading up to the grand j^nafe of 
the war in the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 19, 

In nearly all of these battles and engagements the troops of the 
Maryland Line played a prominent and honorable part, and the 
never-to-be-forgotten names of General Mordecai Gist and Otho 


H. Williams, of the Line, and of Colonel John Guuby and Lt,- 
Col. John Eager Howard, of the 2nd Maryland regiment, stand 
out preeminently in the annals of those times. 

Following the surrender of Lord Cornwallis, the Maryland, 
Pennsylvania and Virginia Continentals were sent to reinforce 
General Greene, who continued in the South. 

A strong detachment was provided, under General Gist, to 
cover the country lying to the south and west of the main army's 
position, known as the district of the Combahee. 

" The cavalry of the legion, and that of the 3d and 4th Virginia 
regiments, united under Colonel Baylor : the infantry of the legion, 
the dismounted dragoons of the 3rd regiment, the Delaware rai- 
ment and one hundred men detached from the Line and com- 
manded by Major Beall ; the whole infantry under Colonel Lau- 
rens, formed the brigade placed under the command of General 
Gist." (Johnson's Life of Oen. Greene.) 

Says Scharf: "On November 18th, 1781, General Greene 
struck his tents on the hills of Santee and pushed towards 
Dorchester, about fifteen miles northwest of Charleston, Colonel 
Stewart falling back before him. When near Goose Creek 
bridge, about eight miles from Dorchester, Greene placed his 
main armj^under Colonel Williams with instructions to continue 
the march southward, while he, with a detachment of the Mary- 
land and Virginia infantry and a portion of Lee's and [Col. Wil- 
liam] Washington's cavalry made an effort to capture the gar- 
rison of 850 men in charge of Dorchester. Intelligence of his 
movements having been communicated to the enemy, they 
destroyed their stores, etc., and retreated in all haste to Charles- 
ton. On December 7, Williams, with the main army, halted at 
Hound O, where he was joined on the 9th by General Greene : 
and on January 4, 1782, St. Clair and Wayne, with the Penn- 
sylvania and Maryland troops, overtook them after a long and 
weary march. On July 11, the enemy evacuated Savannah, the 
regulars going to Charleston aud the loyalists, under Brown, 
taking refuge in Florida. 

"Late in August, the enemy sent out a foraging fleet from 


Charleston to collect provisions, and General Gist, with his 
brigade, composed of the cavalry of Lee's legion, the 3rd and 
4th Virginia regiments united under Colonel Baylor : the 
infantry of the legion : the dismounted dragoons of the 3rd 
regiment : the Delaware battalion and 100 men detached from 
the Maryland Line, commanded by Major Beall, w^as ordered 
immediately out to protect the Combahee district. 

"On August 27, Colonel Laurens, who was hastening to join 
him, met the enemy and in a slight skirmish was killed. 

" General Gist, anticipating the damage to which Laurens was 
exposed, marched to his relief and compelled the enemy to 
embark with slight loss. As soon as the enemy crossed the bar 
of Beaufort harbor, General Gist moved back to reinforce the 
main army and his brigade was not again engaged during the 

This engagement of August 27, 1782, on the Combahee river, 
South Carolina, was the last conflict of the American Revolution 
which the historians of that period record. 

"Captain Wilmot, with a small command, still continued to 
cover John's Island ' and to watch the passage by the Stono, and 
his love of enterprise led him, occasionally, to cross the river and 
harass, or watch the enemy on James' Island. 

" In one of these adventures, undertaken in conjultetion with 
Kosciuszko, against a party of the enemy's wood-cutters on the 
14th of November [1782], he fell into an ambuscade, was him- 
self shot dead, and Lieutenant Moore, his second in command, 
and a servant, severely wounded and made prisoners. 

" This was the last bloodshed in the American War." ^ 

William Wilmot was born in Baltimore County, Md., about the 
year 1752, and was one of nine children of Robert, Sr., and Sarah 
(Merryman) Wilmot. 

^One of the Sea Islands chain or group in Charleston county, S. C, just south 
of Charleston. 

'Johnson's Life cf General Nathaniel Oreene, vol. li, page 345. See also 
McCrady's South GoercHma m the Beeolution, vol. 3, p. 667 ; Kamsay's Sisl. of the 
Bet^tion ef SmUh Carolina, etc., vol. 2. p. 375. 


Robert "VVilmot, the father, was the fifth child of John "VVilmot, 
Jr. (died 1748), by his wife Rachel Owings (died 1761), and a 
grandson of John Wilmot (died 1719), of Baltimore County, and 
Jane, his wife. 

Robert Wilmot, Sr.. married in St. Paul's parish, Baltimore 
County, on December 15, 1748, Sarah Merryman, daughter of 
John, Jr., and Sarah (Rogers) Merryman, and by this marriage 
he had five sons and four daughters, namely : John, William, 
Robert, Richard and Benjamin ; Sarah, who married Benjamin 
Talbott ; Eleanor, who married a Bowen ; Ruth, who married a 
Bowen, and Mary Wilmot. 

The Wilmots were connected with the Cromwells, the Merry- 
mans, the Talbotts, the Towsons, the Owingses and other promi- 
nent old Baltimore County families. 

Robert Wilmot, Sr., died October 12, 1773, leaving the home- 
stead, called " Rachel's Prospect," to his eldest son John, and a 
tract of 100 acres, called "Snake Den," in Baltimore County, 
together with a lot or parcel of ground in Westminster Town, 
Md., to his son William. 

When the Revolutionary war broke out, William and a younger 
brother, Robert, embraced the patriot cause and were, at an early 
date, recommended for commissions in the Maryland militia. 

Robert was appointed 3rd lieutenant in a Baltimore Artillery 
Company, Nov. 5, 1776 ; promoted 2nd lieutenant, June 5, 1777 ; 
promoted 1st lieutenant of Dorsey's Company of Maryland 
Artillery, Nov. 24, 1777, and served in the Continental Artillery 
from May 30, 1778, to the close of the war. 

William Wilmot was appointed by the Council of Safety, on 
Aug. 6, 1776, ensign in Capt. Zachariah Maccubbin's Company, 
of Col. Josias Carvel Hall's battalion of Maryland militia, for the 
Flying Camp, and was active in the enrolling of recruits for the 

On December 10, 1776, he was commissioned 1st lieutenant of 
Capt. Benjamin Brookes' Company, 3rd Maryland Regiment, 
under the command of Colonel Mordecai Gist, and was promoted 
to a captaincy in the same regiment, on October 15, 1777. 



He was transferred, January 1, 1781, to the 2nd Maryland 
Regiment, then commanded by Colonel John Gunby, with Lieut.- 
Col. John Eager Howard, as second in command. 

His name appears in a service record showing service between 
August 1, 1780, and January 1, 1782, and, again, between Jan- 
uary 1, 1782 and January 1, 1783. In a paylist for pay due 
non-commissioned officers and privates of the Maryland Line 
from January 1, 1782 to January 1, 1 783, his company is styled 
as the 1st company, 4tli battalion. His death is referred to in 
Archives of Maryland, vol. 18, p. 479. 

In the early fall of 1782, Captain Wilmot commanded a party 
of observation, attached to the camp of the Southern army, located 
at Ashley Hill, on the Asliley river, about ten miles from 

His post was upon John's Island, near Charleston, where he 
kept in close touch with all the plans and movements of the 
enemy within the town. 

As a soldier, he was fearless, ambitious and fond of adventure, 
and the very qualities which secured for him promotion in the 
military calling were destined to be the means of his final undoing. 

On November 14, 1782, just one month prior to the evacuation 
of Charleston by the British, Koseiuszko suggested to Captain 
Wilmot and Lieutenant Moore, of the Maryland Line, the fatal 
enterprise of crossing over to James Island for the purpose of 
surprising a party of the enemy's wood-cutters from Fort Johnson. 
A negro who furnished information to the Americans participating 
in this adventure is believed to have been sent as a deeoy to lead 
them into an ambuscade. At any rate, the enemy was well 
prepared for the " surprise " and poured into the little party so 
deadly a fusillade that Captain Wilmot was killed instantly, wJiilc 
Lieutenant Moore, witli others, was left on the field covered with 
wounds. Koseiuszko escaped injury, although his weapon was 
shattered in his hand and his coat pierced by four balls. 

Young Wilmot was buried by the British with all the honors 
of war, having achieved the unique distinction of being the last to 
slied his life's blood in an engagement between American and 
British troops during the Revolution. 



Southern Army, Ashley Hill, 
September 26th, 1782. 

Deatr Sir — 

I do myself the pleasure to give you a short aeeount of the 
present situation of the two armies iu tliis quarter — with their 
priueipal manoeuvers sinee the capture of Lord Cornwallis. 
Shortly after which, General Greene advanced, crossing the 
Wateree and Santee, to Colo. Thompsou's, \yhen the General, 
with the light troops, made an attempt to surprise the enemy's 
post at Dorchester. They being apprised of his approach, rein- 
forced that post and sallied out about two miles, when we fell in 
with them and drove them to the fort, leavino; a small number of 
their killed and wounded on our hands. General Leslie, by a 
rapid march from Fair Lawn, formed a junction at the Quarter 
House that night with those from Dorchester. General Greene 
took post about thirty miles west of them, on a small but pleasant 
eminence, where he quartered the winter. 

Early in the spring an unsuccessful attempt was made to get on 
John's Island, to attack the enemy's camp — which they discov- 
ered, and left the island in the greatest precipitation, leaving 
horses, cattle, provisions, etc., all which fell into our hands. 

General Wayne, with Col. Baylor's regiment of cavalry, 
marched January last to Savannah, when he was shortly after 
joined by Col. Posey's regiment of infantry from Virginia, which 
enabled him to confine the enemy to their garrison till July, at 
which time they evacuated that post — disposing the troops in the 
following manner : Sending 400 to New York, 300 to C [harles] 
Town, and 50 to Augustine. Early in the spring. General 
O'Hara, with a sufficient number of empty transports from I^ew 
York, came to the place and took away with him 1110 British 
troops for Jamaica, upon which the enemy demolished their 
exterior works, and contracted their lines. Previous to which. 
General Greene took post ten miles from town, ou the south side 
of the Ashley river, where he still remains. General Marion, 

'See " Papers relating to the Marylsind Line," ed. by Tkm. Balch, p. 194. 



with a considerable body of State cavalry and some infentry, is 
thirty miles northeast from Charlestown, 

General Gist, commanding the light infentiy, covers the right 
flank of the army. The disorders incidental in this country rage 
with more violence this summer than usual, and the two armies 
are hourly diminished by them. 

The Assembly of the State has raised near two hundred men 
during the war, and their recruiting officers meet with success. 

North Carolina has raised 1200 eighteen months men who 
remain still in that State. Congress will not give credit for any 
troops raised for less than three years, or during the war. 

General Leslie has ordered all officers and other persons con- 
cerned, to be in perfect readiness to embark by the ninth of 
October. But I hear, from good authority, he does not expect to 
evacuate this post till some time in the winter, having only seven- 
teen transports here, and fifty-seven at New York, which are not 
yet ordered to the Southward. 

A gentleman arrived in town yesterday from York, who 
says that an expedition is going on against the French troops at 
Boston, under the command of Carleton, with twenty sail of the 
Line, and four thousand troops from New York. 

Colonel Lawrence [Laurens] , with forty-five men, in charging 
two hundred and fifty of tlie enemy, was shot dead with four of 
his men — thirteen were wounded, including two officers, which are 
all saved. 

General Gist has since taken one of their gallies, mounting two 
nine pounders. 

I am honored with the command of a party of observation, and 
have several capital spies in town, who furnish me, from time to 
time, with eveiy interesting intelligence, accurate returns of their 
army, and sick in hospital, etc. 

The spirit of mutiny has, at two difierent times, made alarming 
appe^ances among our troops, but at present seems to have subsided. ' 

^One of these instances, doubtless, is referred toby McCrady: "The captains 
and subalterns of the Pennsylvania Line were offended because Captain Wilmot 
of the Maryland Line, had been put in charge of a critical service, and undertook 
to reraoBStiate against it and diacoBB wi& tfte Ctaaeial the propriety of the detail. ' ' 


Every possible preparation for an embarkation has already 
taken place. All their foot-artillery, stores, etc., are on board the 
seventeen transports ihat are here. We hear there is a new 
arrangement of the army, which it is said will shortly take place 

Please make my compliments to Major Brooke, Clagett, Free- 
man, Williams, Sellman, Bruce, Denny, and all the other old 
officers in that quarter. 

I am. Dear Sir, with the highest smtiments of friendship and 

Yours sincerely, 


P. S. — Captain Bird, of our line, is dead — September 30. A 
fleet of transports arrived yesterday from New York, to take off 
the garrison. Frazer's, Brown's, and some other new corps are 
going to Augusta. General Gist has been very ill, but is now 

General Smallwood. 

The Will of Captain Wilmot.* 

In the name of God, Amen. I William Wilmot of Baltimore 
County and State of Maryland . . . being at this time called to the 
defence of my Country, do hereby make this my last Will and 
Testament. . . . Item. I give and bequeath unto my Brother 
Robert Wilmot . . . one tract of land lying in Baltimore County 
called Snake Den containing one Hundred acres, also one Lot of 
Land lying in Winchester ^ Town, Frederick County. Item. I 
give and bequeaA unto my Sister Sarah Talbott . . . the Sum of 
Twenty five pounds. Item. I give and bequeath unto my Sister 
Eleanor Bowen . . . the Sum of Twenty five pounds. Item. I 
give and bequeath unto my Sister Ruth Wilmot . . . the Sum of 
One Hundred pounds and my young Horse three years old. 

' Baltimore County Wills, Liber C, folio 555. 
' Now WeBtminster, Carroll County. 



Item. I give and bequeath unto my Brother Richard Wilmot . . . 
Seventy five Pounds. Item. I give and bequeath unto my 
Brother Benjamin Wilmot . . . the Sum of Seventy five pounds. 
Item. I give and bequeath unto my Sister Mary Wilmot . . , 
the Sum of One Hundred pounds. Item. I give and bequeath 
unto my Sister [in law] Ann Wilmot, wife to my brother John, 
my Rideing mare. Item. I give and bequeath unto my brother 
Robert Wilmot above named . . . one negro boy named W^ill and 
also one negro Woman named Judah, she and her Increase. 
Whereas the principal part of my Personal Estate Consists in 
Certificates from the State of Maryland my Will and desire is, that 
the Legacies mentioned in this Will, shall be paid off with the 
money arising therefrom when received, and whereas my aforesaid 
Brother Robert at this time belongs to the Continental Army and 
may from the fortune of War, fall before he disposes of what I 
have hereby bequeathed him, and in such case my Will and desire 
is that my brother Richard Wilmot . . . should Inherit the tract 
of land called Snake Den and the negro boy called Will, and that 
my Brother Benjamin Wilmot . . . should inherit the Lot of land 
lying in Winchester's Town, Frederick [County], and also the 
negro Woman named Judah and her Increase. All of which I 
have bequeathed to my aforesaid Brother Robert. I do nominate, 
constitute and appoint my brother in law Benjamin Talbott to be 
Executor of this my last Will and Testament . . . Twenty First 
day of June, one Thousand seven hundred & eighty one.^ 

William Wilmot. [seal.] 

Witnesses : 

John Merryman, 
Sarah Merryman, 
Ruthy Gill. 

iDate of Probate, May 27, 1783. 



Compiled from the original records at Annapolis, Md., by 

Abraham and Isaac. April 6, 1675. Lib. 15, fol. 397. 
Capt. John Jones. 

Adventure op Hull. In the year 1665-1667. Lib. 8, 
fol. 40; Lib. 10, foL 568, 571. 

Agreement. 1664. Lib. 9, fol. 435; Lib. 10, fol. 569. 
Commander Christopher Birkett. 

Ark. 1634. Lib. A. B. H., fol, 244. 

Baltimore. 1668. Lib. 12, fol. 190. 

Batchlob. 1674. Lib. 18, fol. 152. List of 90 servants 
of Bristol. 

CiciLius. 1677. Lib. 15, fol. 416, 581. 
Constant Friendship. 1666. Lib. 9, fol. 436; Lib. 11, 
fol. 375; Lib. 12, fol. 215. 

Dartmouth Merchant. 1669. Lib. 12, fol. 215. 

Elias. 1669. Lib. 12, fol. 333. 

Encrease. 1678. Lib. 20, fol. 184. (Came out of Ire- 
land.) Phill Poplestone, Master (list given in full). 

Francis and Mary. 1668. Liber 11, fol. 338 ; Lib. 12, 
fol. 194. Wm. Wathen, Master. 

Friendship. 1666. Lib. 12, fol. 215. Of London. Ralph 
Stoney (Commander). 

Friendship. 1668. Lib. 11, foL 379 ; Lib. 12, 215. Of 
London. Capt. Christopher Miller. 

Globe of London. April 25th, 1679. Lib. 20, fol. 185. 
Samuel Groome the younger, Commander. 



Golden Fortune. 1670. Lib. J. J., fol. 99. Of London. 
Captain Edward Pearce. 

Golden Lyon. 1664. Lib. 5, fol. 211 ; Lib. 9, fol. 435. 

Golden Wheat Sheaf. 1662-1664. Lib. 5, fol. 211; 
Lib. 9, fol. 332, 354, 435, 437 ; Lib. 11, fol. 440. 

Hopewell. Oct., 1665. Lib. F. F., fol. 207. Of King 
Sale. Capt. John Gilson. 

John and Cheistian. Oct. 30th, 1668. Of Bristol, Eng- 
land. Lib. 11, fol. 378, 541. William Bonner, Mate. 

John op Topsham. Lib. 16, fol. 79. John Basse, Com- 
mander. 25th Oct., 1670. From New Castle upon Tyne. 

King Solomon. 1663. Lib. 9, fol. 354. 

Maryland Merchant. 1668. Lib. 11, fol. 319 ; Lib. 15, 
fol. 332. Peter Wraxall, Master. 

Merchant Adventure. 1636. Lib. A. B. C, fol. 77. 

Nightingale Catch. Of Hull. 1669. Lib. 13, fol. 1. 

Nightingale of Yore. 1668. Lib. 11, fol. 581, 582. 

Primrose. Full list. Lib. and fol. not given. 

Prosperous. 1674. Lib. 18, fol. 166. Of Newcastle. Capt. 

Providence. Of Bristol. 1666. Lib. 10, fol, 407 ; Lib. 
11, fol. 338, 538. 

Rappahanock Merchant. Dec. 4th, 1677. Lib. 15, fol. 
520. Of London. E,obt. Gowland, Commander. 

Richard and Martha. 1673. Lib. 15, fol. 322. 

RiNE OP Liverpool. 1678, 1679, Lib. 15, fol. 598. 

St. George. 1678. Lib. 15, fol. 553. Capt. George Quig- 
ley, of London. 

Society op Bristol. 1668. Lib. 11, fol. 343. John Eng- 
land, Master, England. 

Solomon. 1663-1664. Lib. 9, fol. 354, 437. 

Submission. 1669. Lib. J. J., fol. 42. 70 tons. 

Supply op Whitt. April 26th, 1669. Lib. 12, fol. 334. 
Thomas Pi^hen, Master. 

SusANNE. 1664. Lib. 9, fol. 434. Of London. Wm. God- 
lad, Com. 



Thomas and Mary. 1667. Lib. ll,fol. 265 ; Lib. 12, fol. 
190. Thomas Harwood, Master. 

Thomas and Geokge. 1666. Lib. 9, fol. 436. 

Tkue Love. 1668. Lib. 11, fol. 318. Of Bristol!. John 
Linch, Master. 

Unity. 1637. Lib. 1, fol. 17. Of Isle of Wight. 

ViEGiNiA Factor. 1674. Lib. 15, fol. 322. 

William and Maky. 1668-1669. Lib. 12, fol. 215. 
^muel Grooine, Commander. 


The dearth of official documents concerning the battle of 
Bladensburg makes these fragmentary orders and despatches 
worthy of publication. The return of the rifle battalion made 
when the invaders were already on the way to Washington, shows 
the neglect of the responsible heads. Probably the unarmed 2d 
and 5th companies were never supplied with arms, as but three 
companies are listed in the " Citizen Soldiers " and those the ones 
mentioned below. These papers are from a collection of military 
documents presented to the Sodety by Mr. J. Strieker Bradford, a 
grandson of Greneral Sfeidter. 

Return of the effective men composing the Kifle battalion : 

Captain Dyer's Co. 70 rank and file 
" Aisquith's 55 " 
" Bayder's 60 " " 


1 Major 
3 Captains 
9 Lieutenants 
1 Adjutant 
1 Quarter Master 



1 Serg^ut Major 

1 Quarter Master Sergeant 

1 Surgeon 

1 Paymaster 

19 eommiss'd and staff officers. 

The 2d and 5th companies are at present unarmed and can be 
sent to Washington by Wednesday next if they are immediately 
furnished with rifles and equipment. These 2 compani^ will 
make an addition to the battallion of 120 men. 

Wm. Pinkney, 
August 20fch. 1814. Major 1st. Batt" of Riflemen. 

Return of Equipments <fec. necessary for the Rifle Corps i 
Captain Bayder will require 40 Knapsacks 

Aisquith " 

Dyer « " 
Total 40 Knapsacks 
200 Canteens 
60 Powder Horns 

65 Canteens 

60 Powder Horns | 

60 Canteens 
75 Canteens 

bespoke at 

Aug. 20'? 1814 

Wm. Pinkney, 
Major 1^ Batt° Riflemen 

Camp Elk Ridge Landing 
22 Aug^ 1814 


I have been delayed on my march at this place by the Defi- 
ciency of our Equipment. This will be remedied very soon & I 
shall be ready to move in any Direction the movements of the 
Enemy may render necessary. The Delay has caused no Injury 
to the Public Service & by Direction of Genl Winder I shall halt 



at McCoy's for further orders or until a more full Disclosure of 
the Enemy's Designs shall justify my acting according to the 
Discretion he has vested in me. 

I request you to keep me advised of every material event that 
ought to influence my conduct & address me at McCoys until 
otherwise informed. The men are all in high spirits & thus far 
afford me Satisfaction. I have the honor to be very respectfully 
Your humb. 

Joseph Sterett L. C. 5 M. R. 
Brigadier Gen^ Strieker, Baltimore. 


Orders to march immediately have this moment arrived. We 
are striking our Tents & shall depart in 15 minutes. 15 m. past 
11 A. M. By order of Col. S. 

Ed. K. Heath Major. 

Aug. 24*" 1814 

M'Coys 13 miles from Balf." & If 
Telegraphic Station from Baltl 
11 A. M. Wednesday 

Dear Gen! 

I send this by Jn" Howard, who states that Winder has fallen 
back on Washington & that his position at the old Fields was 
occupied by the enemy yesterday. Stansburj^'s Brigade & the 
5'? Reg? left Ross' this morning at 2 A. M. for Washington. 60 
of Sterrett Ridgleys squadron it is supposed joined Winder last 
night. The enclosed will thank you to have delivered as directed. 
I am with resp? Dear Gen^ Your oh\ Serv* 

Howard left Ross' this morning. R. Patterson 

Director of the Telegraphic Station at McCoys. 
Brig^ Gen^ Strieker, Baltimore 



Eoss Tavern 24*? Augt 1814. 
^ past 2 P. M. 


Agreeably to your Orders of yesterday I proceeded this day to 
Gen] Winders Head Quarters, after posting Videttes upon the 
Rout and upon descending the Hill to Bladensburg I distinctly 
saw the British advancing up the Valley, the Americans being 
Posted on the right of Bladensburg about half a Mile distant, 
where I found Gen? Winder and delivered your Letter at One 
o'clock after perusing it, he observed, " You see our situation, 
place two or three communicative Men near my Person, by whom 
I can communicate verbally, to Geni Strieker the result of our 
engagement, which is momently expected, & you may return to 
your command in Baltimore." 

I left an Officer and three Men and immediately retired, but 
had scarcely cross'd the Bridge, before the British were descend- 
ing Lowndes Hill, and I was within 300 yards of their advanc'd 
Party, who never Halted, but continued over the Bridge up the 
Washington E,oad. Our Artillery commenc'd firing at J past one 
o'clock, while the British were entering Bladensburg, & in five 
minutes was rcturn'd by Rockets only, the eifect of which I could 
plainly distinguish, and did not see one to strike the American 
lines, as the British advanc'd up the Road from Bladensburg, our 
Lines began to retire & when out of my view, I hastend here to 
give this information. 

You will probably receive another dispatch in the Night & I 
shall wait upon you very early in the morning to communicate 
such further information as my observations enabled me to make. 
I saw very few Mounted Men, & only one Piece of Artillery 
crossed the Bridge during my stay. 

The urgency of this intelligence, will justify my requesting to 
be excused for such a hasty letter. 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

Very Respectfully Your ob^ Servt 

Henry Thompson. 

Brig Geni Strieker, 



Videttes near Bladensburg 
Aug. 24* 1814 J past 3 o'Clock 
Capt. Thompson left us on the hill above Bladensburgli at two 
o'clock — within five minutes after the British ceased crossing the 
Bridge — ^within ten minutes after the British, who answered their 
fire till after they mounted the hill, as well as the Americans were 
out of our sight. The firing ceased, excepting a single gun at 
great intervals at half after two o'Clk. at 23 min*f past two a very 
small detachment of the British repassed the Bridge. A consider- 
able detachment was stationed at the Mill, which had not left 
there a quarter past three o'Clk. at which time we left there. A 
man out of Bladensbuigh reports that the Enemys privates were 
dressed in blue. Bladraisburgh has not been as yet injured in the 

B. W. Hall 
Rich? F. Stockton 

Washington J past 3 
The British have driven us from Bladensb? Some kill'd & 
wounded on both sides. We have retreated to Washington. 
Steretts regiment behaved very well. Yf 

J. E. Howard 

Capt. Thompson 

copied from my Pocket Book 
Geo Bubb Gbundy 

Aug. 25, 1814 
Thursday 9 A. M. 

Dear Sir, 

Lieut Hollingsworth has this moment come in ; he reports that 
at 5 o'clock last evening near Washington, that he was directed 
by D' Thomas to proceed to Frederick Town & that Genl Winder 
had desired him to order all the horse there as he intended to fall 
back there with his troops. We have no Videtts beyond this 



place, our men & horses are all exhausted. The communication 
betweeu Washiugton & Ross' is completely cut off. Your best 
mode of obtaining intelligence from Winder, or the city must be 
thro' Montgomery County. 

I am respectfully Your obed? Serv^ 

R. Patterson. 

P. S. It might perhaps be advisable to keep up the commu- 
nication between Eoss' & this, if this should be your opinion some 
fresh horsmen should relieve Thompson's Corps. If you wish I 
will remain here. — R. 

D' Thomas is attached to Sterrett Ridgley's Squadron of Horse. 

Brig. Gen? Strieker, Baltimore. 

Aug. 25* 1814 

McCoys Tavern i after 12 o' Clock 
Thursday Morning. 
I left Vanhorns about 8 o'Clock when ou the Road to M'^Coys 
Tavern an hour after I heard two or three heavy Explosions, it 
was considered by the Company with me as a Renewal of the 
Engagement but in a little Time a Light appeared in the Horizon 
in the Direction of the City of Washington which encreased until 
the Smoke and Flame were distinctly seen this Light continues 
to encrease to the present Hour & I have no doubt but that the 
British are burning the public Buildings at Washington. 

James Carroll 

From the report of several Horseman come in during the night, 
who left our party after the defeat at Bladensburg, it seems they 
fled mostly on the Montgomery road, some stragglers of our army 
are progressing this way 

12 J o'clock E. Patterson 

BrigT Genl Strieker, Baltimore 

Endorsed : Videttc at McCoys ; | \mat 12 o'clock at night. 
August 25, 1814. 



Vidette at M'^Coys 

Aug. 25'!^ 3 P. M. 

M<=Coys 3 P. M, 


A very heavy firing of cannon is at present heard here in the • 
direction of Washington. It was first noticed at about 10 
minutes after 2 o'Clock. The last intelligence from Washington 
was about 8 o'Clock this morning. Winder had fallen back on 
Washington & burnt the Bridge over the Eastern Branch. 

I am respectfully 

E. Patteesojt. 

Brig"; Genl Strieker & 
Major Gen^ Smith, Baltimore. 

Headquarters Montgomery C House 
Aug. 25*? 1814 


I send home all the Baltimore Militia that are still here. You 
will organize and rearrange them in the best possible manner. I 
shall assemble the largest possible force I can here and make 
such movements as I think may be necessary to preserve Balti- 
more should Pennsylvania troops arrive you will direct them to 
halt at Baltimore. If there should be no officer of iiighcr rank 
than yourself you will take the command of the whole & organize 
and arrange them in the best possible manner for defending that 
point and you will cooperate with & second any officer who may 
be senior or superior to you. The times demand the utmost exer- 
tion. I shall shew the utmost force I can upon which it much 
depends whether the enemy will not proceed directly to Baltimore. 

Yours in haste 

W? H. WiNDBE, 

Brig. Gen\ ComZ 
Brig. Gen. 12'.» M^ District. 

John Stricker 

Com^ &c. Baltimore 



I have ordered Maj. Armstead to make as much ammunition fixed 
as possible & to deliver it to your order. You will have it de- 
posited in best position with reference to security & convenience. 
If no better place occurs to you the Magazine in Towsonton will 
be eligible. 

Brigade Orders. Head Quarters. S'? Brigade 
Bait. August 25*? 1814. 

The 6*? & 9'? Regiments of Infantry the 5^ Eegiment of Cav- 
alry and Capt! Moales & Pikes Artillery under Coli Harris are 
ordered to march this morning at 10 o^Clock. 

The Brigadier Gen' flatters himself, that these Corps will be 
full he feels confident that the soldiers of the 3"^ Brigade are alive 
to the situation of our army towards Washington and will feel 
proud to march to the aid of those who have gallantly fought at 
Bladensburg among whom many of us can reckon a brother or a 

The Brigadier General will command in person. 

By Order of Brig. Gen^ Steickee 
Geo. p. Stevenson 

Aid de Camp 

Eoss Tavern, 26* Aug. 1814 
Brig Gen^ Strieker 7 A. M. 


I am pleased at being enabled to confirm my Letter of yesterday 
from McCoy's, respecting the approach of the Enemy up this 
Eoad. We are just retum'd from a view of Bladensburg, where 
all appears quiet & not a soldier on this side the Bridge. 

We discover'd a very large Fire at day light, and are informed 
it is in the direction of the Navy Yard. 

Cap^ Sterett & Mf Golder have just sett off in a Hack, both 
doing well. 



As Col. Ragan will be in Town early this morning & can give 
much better information, & more correct, than any I can collect, 
respecting the Killed and Wounded, I must refer to him for that 
purpose, & remain Sir. 

Very Respectfully 

Your ob' Serv^ 

Henry Thompson 

Head Quarters 

Aug. 29th 1814 

Genl. Orders 

Ordered that Brig. Gen. Stansbury do organize without delay 
the 11th Brigade M. M. called into service reserving an adequate 
number of Officers in proportion to the men conformably to the 
laws of Maryland and to dispense with the services of supemu- 
mary Officers whom he will direct to bring out into service those 
men who have not attended the call. 

Brig. Gen. Thos. M. Forman will command the troops from 
Cecil, Harford, Ann Arundel, Annapolis and Delaware and 
organize them into corps under proper officers. The State Quarter 
Master Col. Richard Waters the U. S. Dep. Quartermaster Gen. 
and Dep. Commissary of Purchases will obey the orders of Gen. 
Stansbury and Gen. Forman for all supplies within their Depart- 

Under their requisitions Major Armistead will supply the 
necessary ammunition. The Brig. Grenerals and all officers com- 
manding separate corps will make morning reports to the 
Assistant Adj. Gen. at Head Quarters. The sick will be removed 
to the Hospital and Hampst^ Hill where their respective sur- 
geons will attend them. 

By order of Maj. Gen. Smith 

W? Bates 
Assist Adj. Gen. D. M. M. 





The quit rent system presents one of the most iuteresting 
problems in colonial history. Although it was enforced in all of 
the royal and proprietary colonies, its most characteristic forms 
may, perhaps, best be studied in Maryland. Here the quit rent 
was established at the very foundation of the colony and continued 
until the Eevolution. As a result of this long unbroken develop- 
ment the quit rent in Maryland possesses great interest aside 
from the purely fiuancial aspect. The general attitude of the 
proprietor in fixing the amount of the tax, and the popular senti- 
ment toward it are questions of significance in the political history 
of early Maryland. Also, the evolution of the quit rent as an 
institution illustrates the play of forces that usually shaped the 
development of administrative forms in the colony. Therefore, 
the economic, the institutional, and the political aspects of the 
quit rent in Maryland must all be considered. 

T. Rates. 

By the terms of the charter Lord Baltimore and his heirs 
acquired exclusive right to the soil of Maryland. All patents 
were issued, therefore, subject to an annual payment, the quit 
rent. Two opposing forces determined the amount of this annual 
charge. The proprietor wished to obtain as high a rate as possible 
without keeping out intending settlers ; the tenants endeavor^ to 
secure favorable terms, both in the rate and in the medium of 
payment. These varying motives form the keynote to the changes 
in the conditions and the amount of the rent. 

In the first patents, issued in 1633, the quit rent was fixed at 
20 lbs. of wheat per 50 acres. In 1634 this rate was increased 

^The aid of the Carnegie Institution in the preparation of this paper is 


to 30 lbs. of wheat on large holdings, while grants made in 1635 
paid a nniform rent of 2 s. per 100 acres in commodities of the 
country.^ But the rate of settlement proved unsatisfactory, and 
iu 1 641 the quit rent was reduced to 1 s. except on large estates.^ 
This measure was so successful that in 1649 the proprietor 
restored the 2 s. rate. An attempt the same year to complicate 
the rate by provisions for a material advance after fixed periods 
proved unsuccessful.^ Yet the proprietor was determined to 
secure as high a rate as possible though die political complications 
attending the Puritan regime effectually stopped attempts to 
increase the rent. Finally in 1671 a rate of 4 s. was established 
which continued until the Revolution.* 

The flnctnating value of tobacco, the usual medium of all 
payments, caused much difficulty in settling the rents. To obtain 
a nniform rate of 2 d. per lb. on all tobacco payments of quit 
rents and alienation fines, in 1671 the Assembly offered the 
proprietor an export duty of 1 s. per hogshead of tobacco. Despite 
the large loss of revenue the proprietor accepted this agreement, 
because it promised much greater case of collection.* The agree- 
ment continued in force until the death of Charles, Lord Balti- 
more, in 1715, when his successor refused to continue it; rents 
had risen greatly in value, and the colonial officials had been lax 
in levying the duty. As payment of the rents in money was 
practically impossible, a new agreement regarding the exchange 
value of tobacco was necessary. To relieve the situation the 
Assembly proposed to increase the duty to 18 d.* However Lord 
Guilford, guardian of the proprietor, intimated that, if 6 d. were 

' Conditions of Plantation, 1636, Archii-et, in, 47-48. All increased rates held 
for subsequent patents only. By the common law of previous contracts, the rate 
first specified in the patent held on the same piece of land, even when it had been 

' Conditions of Plantation, 1641, Archives, ill, 99. 

'Conditions of Plantation, 1648-9, Archives, iii, 221 ff., and 223 ft 

*C. P., Mch. 21, 1670, Archives, v, 63-4. 

5 A. P., 1671, 1674, and 1676, Anhiva;, il, 284, 386-87, and 515-17. 

^Account of Md. Kevenue Laws, Md. Hist. Soc. Jiss. After 1658 a fine was 
imposed upon every transfer of land equal to one year's rent. The law was so 
laxly enforced that alienation fines were practieally a n^ligible quantity. 



added, the resulting 2 s. would be accepted as full equivalent for 
all rents and alienation fines. Gov. Hart immediately advised 
that the 2 s. duty be levied. When Chas. Carroll produced a six 
years' lease of all quit rents to Henry Darnall, the Assembly no 
longer hesitated. Although Darnall refused the lease and Carroll 
tore it up, the threat was most effective. The Assembly levied 
an export duty of 2 s. per hogshead of tobacco in compensation 
for all quit rents and alienation fines. Lord Guilford took 
advantage of their eagerness to secure an additional 1 s. duty 
which was to be payable directly to the proprietor to defray the 
expenses of government.' The agreement had secured advantages 
to both proprietor and tenants. Beside a revenue free from the 
losses incident to collection of the quit rents the proprietor had 
gained full control of the colonial administration. The Assembly 
had secured a method of paying the quit rents which, while 
materially reducing the total amount, transferred the burden from 
the planters to the traders who were better able to bear it* 

The agreement at first gave general satisfaction. Gradually a 
widespread suspicion began to arise lest the proprietor was reaping 
an undue profit from the bargain. On the other hand the 
proprietor feared that he was losing by the agreement. Both 
views were erroneous. The burden upon tlie traders, who paid 
the duty, was slight while the proprietor received regular returns 
without the friction and loss that had resulted from the old 
payments in native commodities.' The suspicions of the tenantry 
increased until in 1733 the Lower House refused to have the 
agreement continued.* The loss of one half his revenue from 
rents, as a result, did not incline the proprietor to favor a renewal. 

»C. P., April 24 and 25, 1716, Archives, xxv, 337 and 339 ; U. H. J., July 
24, 1716. 
»U. H. J., Liber 81, 351-54. 

'Benedict Calvert to Lord Baltimore, Oct. 20, 1729, Calvert Fapen. In 1730, 
the Assembly added 3 d. duty to compensate the proprietor for the loss in revenue 
resulting from the legal limitation in the amount of tobacco to be planted. This 
measure showed the spirit of fairness in dealing with th« proprietor. It was not 
renewed in 1731. See Acts of the Assembly, 1730. 

*L. H. J., Junes, 1733. 



Rather he made a futile attempt to increase the rates on new 
patents to 10 s.' 

As quit rents now became due in money the advantages to the 
tenant of the old agreement soon became obvious. A number of 
unsuccessful attempts were made to secure a renewal, all of them 
originating in the Lower House, the representatives of the people. 
Fearful of promising too much, the Lower House would not 
propose an exact equivalent for the rents, and the proprietor was 
equally guarded. One most impractical scheme proposed that 
local officials should collect the rents which would be payable in 
issues of paper money. Depreciation in the value of this paper 
currency would be made up by a duty on tobacco. This ntuve 
scheme of colonial finsmce really involved the mere trouble of 
printing sufficient paper certificates to pay the rent. The pro- 
prietor promptly vetoed it.* Finally the proprietor named a 
definite annual sum, £5,000, as an acceptable equivalent for quit 
rents and alienation fines. By the deciding vote of the Speaker 
the Lower House consented to raise this sum from export and 
import duties, but the measure was lost through petty political 
hagglings with the proprietor.' These prolonged efforts to secure 
an agreement for quit rents were mainly a part of the struggle for 
greater colonial independence. The records show that the rents 
had not proved near so burdensome as had been alleged. A 
substitute duty would have transferred the burden from the 
planters, who constituted a majority, to the traders, who were not 
particularly popular with their customers. Above all, it would 
have handed over collections to the local authorities. The result 
would have been virtually to give a freehold title to land, and 
thus to secure at least partial freedom from the proprietary 

' Calvert to Sharpe, Oct. 8, 1761, Archives, ix, 540-43 ; C. P., June 20, 1733, 
Archives, xxvm, 45-46. 

>U. H. J., April 3, 6, and 9, 1736, and April 26, 1737. 

' Edmund Jennings to Lord Baltimore, June 12, 1744, and Lord Baltimore to 
Gov. Bladen, Meh. S€, 1748, Oaheri Papers ; U. H. J., Aug. 28, Sept. 5 and 
24, 1745. 



II. Special Rates. 

With one exception no record of freehold patents is found. 
Yet special rates were occasionally made to carry out the proprie- 
tary policies. The chief instances in which this was done were ; 
to regulate Indian affairs, to plant towns, and to settle disputed 
boundary lands and the frontier. Toward the Indians, who were 
most numerous on the Eastern Shore, the proprietor observed a 
conciliatory attitude. As collection of the usual quit rent from 
these savages was practically impossible, he demanded only 
recognition of his rights by nominal payments. Thus the Chop- 
tank Indians were subject to an annual rent of six beaver skins. 
The chiefs of the Indian Eiver, the Assateague, the Pocomoke, 
and the Ohicacoan Indians each agreed to annual payments of 
two dozea bows and arrows.^ Similar agreements were made 
with other tribes. As a result of this sensible policy no fric- 
tion arose with the Indians over their rents. 

The attempts to build up the commercial interests of the 
Colony by the founding of towns were not wholly successful. 
Although freehold lots were offered in St. Mary's City, tht^ 
earliest town laid out, the agricultural interests of colonial 
Maryland did not demand urban centers, and the scheme 
failed.^ Undeterred by this early failure, in 1683 the Assem- 
bly directed that 100 acres in every county should be laid out 
in one acre town lots. A quit rent of only 1 d was to be 
charged on each lot.^ Annapolis, founded under this act, speed- 
ily became the seat of government, and the chief port of Mary- 
land. Scarcely any of the subsequent acts to found towns 
materialized. So insignificant were the results that few entries 
of quit rents on town lots are found except for Annapolis, where, 
by 1761 they amounted to only 4% d.* Yet these special 
rates are interesting as at least an incident of colonial policy. 

^A. P., Archives, lil, 200; C. P., July 24, 1752; Archives, xxvnr, 584 ff. 
' Conditions of Plantation, 1636, Archives, lii, 47-8. 
'A. P., Archives, vn, 613. 

'Lord Baltimore's Account Book, 1761, Calvert Papers. One of the 



By granting reduced rates the proprietor tried to secure 
recognition of his authority in the seaboard lands under dis- 
pute with Pennsylvania. When the rent was increased to 
4 s. he retained the old 2 s. rate for all patents located on the 
seaboard and on Delaware Bay.^ Later this reduced rental 
was offered settlers in this region who claimed to hold grants 
under the Grovemor of New York.^ — ^But these efforts to obtain 
control of the disputed territory were not successful. 

More important in. actual results were the measures taken 
to people the frontier, or the back lands, as they were com- 
monly called. This policy was necessary to afford an outlet 
for expansion from the more fertile and accessible fields of 
the tidewater and to erect a barrier against the French and 
Indians. To frontier settlers between the Sxisqxiehanna and 
the Potomac the proprietor waived all rents for three years.* 
These instructions were repeated in 1749 to encourage the 
German settlers who were especially numerous in the Monocacy 
Valley.* As a result of these reductions in the quit rent, and 
of other equally liberal measures, the frontier was peopled 
with a most desirable class of immigrants, 2,800 Germans 
coming in between 1Y48 and 1756.** At least by this means 
the proprietor had endeavored to promote the interests of the 

most interesting of these acts to lay out towns, founded Charles Town 
in Cecil County in 1742. Besides 200 acres, to be divided into 200 lots, 
the Commissioners were authorized to buy 300 acres for a commons. The 
quit rent was 2d. per lot, the higher rate being justified by the commons. 
All lot holders were exempted from the payment of clergy taxes and 
parochial charges. In connection with the commons this last provision 
would indicate perhaps a New England influence in this port. See Acts 
of the Assembly, 1742. 

'Instructions, July 28, 1669, and May 21, 1670, Archives, v, 54-5, and 

= C. P., June 24, 1677, AreUves, xv, 133. 

' Instructions, Mch. 22, 1733, Archives, xxviii, 25. 

'Instructions, 1749, Proprietary/ Papers. 

' CJouneil Proceedings, Aug. 23, 1756. 



III. Mbdium OS Payment. 

The different mediums of payment accepted in settlement 
of the quit rent illustrate the opportunist monetary policy of 
early Maryland. The first grants specified payment in native 
commodities, but on later patents the rents were due in money. 
During the seventeenth and the early part of the eighteenth 
century, however, tobacco, was the usual medium of payment. 
Occasionally lumber, household goods, and plate were received. 
English grains, such as barley, peas, wheat, rye, and oats were 
also accepted as lawful currency in obedience to colonial laws. 
The friction that resulted from fixing the exchange value of 
these commodities, especially tobacco, was finally settled in 
1671 when the 1 s. duty was laid in compensation for receiving 
tobacco at 2 d. per lb.* After 1733 payments were made either 
in money or tobacco, and occasionally wheat was accepted in 
the great Eastern Shore wheat belt. T'^sually the proprietor 
exhibited an enlightened policy in accepting the medium of 
exchange that was economically possible. 

' The different acts that attempted to regulate the price of tobacco and 
to encourage other crops are illustrative of the economic problems of the 
seventeenth century. The first law of this kind, passed in 1640, was 
designed to encourage the cultivation of com. The act prohibited the 
exportation of com, and ordered that it should be accepted in all pay- 
ments at an exchange of 30 lbs. of tobacco per bbl. of corn. See Archives, 
I, 96. In 1662 another act provided that English grains were to be 
accepted in all payments; wheat at 5 s., barley and English peas at 3 s., 
rye at 4 s., and oats at 2 s. 6 d. per bu. These grains were also to be 
accepted in all tobacco payments at the rate of 2 d. per lb. of tobacco. 
See Archives, i, 445. In 1669, as money was scarce, tobacco was declared 
legal tender for all debts at 3I/2 d. per lb. See Archives, n, 220-21. In 
1682 Indian corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, peas, pork, beef, and bacon 
were made legal tender except in payment of rents and public levies. 
This measure was passed to avoid the suffering which, it was feared, 
would ensue from such excessive crops of tobacco.' See Archives, vn, 
321. In 1692, this act was continued and rents were no longer excepted. 
The exchange price of tobacco was fixed at 1 d. per lb., or 18/25 d. in money 
payments. This last act shows the futility of the various attempts to 
increase the price of tobacco by legal enactment. See Archives, xnr, 
483-94, and 532-33. 



IV. Ebtpi^s. 

The numerous gaps in the records prevent even an approxi- 
mate estimate of the quit rents for most of the seventeenth 
century. For the eighteenth century there are sufficient 
sources for at least a reasonably fair estimate of the returns. 
At first the loose methods of collection resulted in great losses. 
This explains the willingness of the proprietor to accept the 

1 s. compensatory duty. In 1690 this duty netted only £1,345 
3 s. 7l^ d. The gross money value of the rents was about 
£5,000, but even if all the rents were collected in tobacco at 

2 d. per lb., their actual selling value at % d., the real price of 
tobacco, was only £1,875. Added to the duty, therefore, the 
rents netted only £3,220 3 s. 7% d., or there was a loss of at 
least one-third.' This loss was increased by the agreement to 
accept a 2 s. duty in lieu of all quit rents and alienation fines. 
In 1724 the rent rolls approximated £5,225 12 s., while the 
2 s. duty netted only £2,855 12 s., or the actual loss to the 
proprietor was fully one-half of the rents.^ Evidently the 
certain returns from the duty, in contrast to the vexations of 
diiect collection, formed the chief inducement to continue the 
agreement. These reduced returns partly explain the eager- 
ness of the Lower House, and the indifference of the proprietor, 
after 1733, to enter upon a new arrangement for the rents. 

After the resumption of direct collections of the quit rent, 
in 1733, the returns showed a steady increase. In 1745 the 
gross vahie of the rents was about £6,000, the net value £5,101 
2 s. 2 d., or the loss due to collections was less than one-sixth.^ 
By 1755 this loss had decreased still more. The gross amount 
of the quit rent had increased to £6,859 10 s. 9^4 d., but as the 
net returns amounted to £5,826 2 s. 4 d., only a little over one- 
aeventh was lost in collection. Further leak^es were stopped 

»C. P., Archives, vm, 205. 'Acts of the Assembly, 1730. 

•U. H. J., S^. 19, 1745. 



in the next five years by the collection of large arrears on the 
Eastern Shore and in Erederick, the frontier county, the two 
regions most inaccessible to Annapolis. By 1770 the gross 
rents had risen to £8,297 2 s. 11% d. with a loss of not over 
10% in collection. This was the approximate value at the 
beginning of the Revolution. The increase in net returns 
had kejDt pace with that in gross amount. "While there had 
been a gradually increased efficiency in collection, there had 
been also, as judged by the rent rolls, a continual expansion 
of settlement after 1730.^ 

That the burden of the quit rent had not been greatly oppres- 
sive to the individual landholder is shown by comparing the 
average rates in 1712 and 1756. In the former the average 
annual quit rent per taxable was not less than 9 s. Id. By 
1756 this average had been reduced nearly one-half to 4 s. 

' The following table gives the 

Year. Net Value, Eents. 

1753 £5,7.52 4 s. 8% d. 

1754 £5,325 12 s. 9% d. 

1755 £5,826 2 s. 4d. 

1756 £5,121 3 s. 11% d. 

1758 £8,593 16 s. 4 d. 

1759 £9,27.3 16 s. 4% d. 

1760 £6,093 19 s. 7% d. 

1761 £8,383 5 s. 11% d. 

ef basis for estimates of the rent. 

Year. Gross Value, Eents. 

1722-24 £,'5,22.5 13 3. % d. 

1750-55 £6,859 10 s. 9^4 d. 

1760-65 £7,398 17 s. 3^ d. 

1770 £8,297 6 s. 11% d 

Alienation fines varied from £137 in 1748 to £250 in 1761. Hence 
their amount is of small moment in comparison with that from quit 
rente. See Lord Baltimore's Account Books, and Rent Bolls, Calvert 
Papers, also Rent Rolls, and Debt Books, Land Office Records. It is 
important to note that quit rents constituted only a part of Lord Balti- 
more's revenue from the provinc<^ of ^Maryland. Thus, in 1748, out of 
a total income of £11,652 7 s., only £4,093 10 s. 10 d. net was derived from 
the quit rents. Other important sources of revenue were the tonnage 
duty, purchase money, and manor rents. The last, as the rents of the Pro- 
prietor's own private demesne, are to be distinguished from the quit rents, 
the general charge upon all the soil. Pop INIereness, Maryland as a Pro- 
prietary Province, SOS., also see Jjord Baltimore's Account Book, 1748, 
Calvert Papers. 



4:% d. Moreover, as a result of the general tendency to divide 
large estates, the average holding was from 200 to 300 acres, 
and the incidence of the rent was more evenly distributed. 
As the caution money exacted at the time the patent was issued 
was small, the rent was a reasonable charge. Therefore the 
Lower House was hardly sincere in claimii^ that the rents 
constituted a real burden. This evidence supports the con- 
clusion that, in the attempts after 1733 to secure a new agree- 
ment, the Assembly was really endeavoring to obtain a greater 
d^ee of freedom from external control.^ 

V. System of Collection. 

The system of collecting the rents was at first exceedingly 
crude. Two collectors were appointed to receive the rents 
which were all to be paid at St. Mary's City. As settlement 
spread beyond the southern peninsula this method became most 
ineffective. The Chesapeake Bay and its estuaries divided 
the colony into so many sections that it was practically im- 
possible for all the tenants to make their payments at St. Mary's 
City. The proprietor met these conditions in 1733 by in- 
augurating an excellent scheme of collection. A collector, 
popularly known as a farmer of rent, was appointed in each 
county. These collectors received from 20 to 30% commis- 
sion, and were under the supervision of two rent roll keepers, 
one on the Eastern, the other on the Western Shore, who 
received 5% commission on all receipts. Every year they 
sent each collector a debt book with the list of rents due in his 
county.^ By careful supervision of the account books, and 
by compelling the collectors to give sufficient bond, the proprie- 
tors finally evolved a most efficient scheme of collection. A 

^Archives, xxv, 255-59, C. P., Aug. 23, 1756. 

' C. P., Jan. 19, 1734, Archives, xxvni, 54, and 67-8. At first the quit 
rents were payable semi-annually, Lady Day (Mch. 25), and Michaelmas 
(Sept. 29). Later only one payment was nwde A^tially on Sept. 39. 



reduction in the commission was also secured after several 
schemes had been tried, including a disastrous attempt to have 
all quit rents collected by the sherifiEs on a 10% commission. 
Finally a satisfactory plan was formulated by which one farmer 
of rent received two or three counties on a 10% commission. 

VI. Enfobcbmbnt. 

The measures to enforce payment of the rents were also 
gradually evolved. During the early days of settlement many 
patents were taken out which were never entered upon, and fre- 
quently the owners of land died without heirs. Such land of 
course escheated to the proprietor. Yet delinquent tenants 
were seldom dispossessed, though the Assembly passed a number 
of measures requiring them to pay their rents in a fixed time.^ 
Yet the system of enforcement was so uncertain that in 1651 
it was necessary to revise it thoroughly. Any provincial official 
was given the power to levy rents and arrqars on " any goods, 
chattels, or debts on land upon which charges were due, of any 
tenant or dweller thereupon." Where the goods seized were 
not in kind, two appraisers were to be appointed who would 
return any balance to the owner. If there was no visible 
estate, the tenant might be imprisoned until satisfaction was 
made.^ This very reasonable measure was strengthened by a 
law making every debt due the proprietor a prior lien.^ These 
sensible measures proved to be most effective in enforcing the 
quit rents. 

One source of great loss in the seventeenth century was 
caused by large holdings of land not listed in the rent rolls. 
This evil was chiefly the result of issuing patents which simply 
specified the number of acres, to be located wherever desired. 
Often the holders of these patents, taking advantage of the 

» A. P., Archives, I, 288-89, etc. 

'P. C. P., Jan. 30, 1651, Archives, x, 124-25. 

•A. P., 1650, ArehiveB, i, 304. 


numerous necks of land, would wilfully enlarge tiie number 
of acres in their claims. In Somerset County, one planter, 
by a clever manipulation of natural boundaries, actually held 
12,000 acres, while paying rent on only 3,000.^ Conflicting 
claims and the numerous squatters swelled the roll of non-rent 
paying lands. By the institution of an annual court of survey 
and inquiry in each county, the proprietor was able to detect 
such frauds. Even then a lenient policy was observed which 
was so successful that by 1741 most of the fertile lands held 
by squatters had been patented.^ This result was achieved 
with little friction. The proprietor had observed a moderate 
policy which, rather than incur violent opposition by hasty 
action, had gradually worked toward the goal of an effective 
collection of the quit rents. Small losses were never wholly 
eliminated, and rents were often waived where a suflnicient 
cause for non-payment could be shown. 

Vn. Geievaitces. 

A search of the records fails to disclose any direct oppo- 
sition to the collection of the quit rents. While a number of 
complaints against various exactions were forwarded to London, 
none of them questioned the inherent right of the proprietor 
to collect rents. Doubtless this lack of opposition was largely 
due to the prompt relief that was accorded in cases of extortion 
by the collectors. A typical case which arose in 1748 well 
illustrates, not only the conciliatory policy of the proprietor, 
but also the difficulties that constantly beset the colonial govern- 
ment in the back country. The collectors in this region were 
accustomed to appoint deputies. Occasionally even these extra 
officials were unable to cover the long distances between the 
tenants, and the money to pay rents was entrusted to neighbors 
who failed to deliver it As a result many tenants alleged 

»C. P., Oct., 1679, Archives, xv, 262. 

" C. P., Aug. 21, 1741, ArcMvce, xxvm, 256. 



tbat they had been placed upon a " Mack list " for non-payment 
of their rents. The sheriff, they charged, had then extorted 
a large eommission in settlement, which was much more than 
his lawful fee. Many of them had paid rather than incur 
greater expense in seeking relief. The petition setting forth 
these grievances gave a list of twenty-seven persons, who had 
suffered this imposition, though many of them owed only a 
half year's rent. The petition recited that many of them 
were Germans who had suffered oppression in their native 
land. Fearing that they would be maltreated in Maryland 
also, a few had left the colony, and others were preparing to 
depart. The Governor and Council quickly remedied this real 

VIII. Economic Effect. 

The economic cffcot of the quit rent is well summarized in 
two memorials submitted by Gov. Sharpe. Comparing Mary- 
land and Pennsylvania, Gov. Sharpe concluded that the rate 
of the quit rent could not be increased in the former. In the 
latter it had been possible to do so, for land values had greatly 
increased as the result of a large influx of Germans who had 
been allo^ved to settle where they pleased. The proprietor had 
advanced the rate only after many improvements had been 
made and the settlers had submitted rather than surrender 
their cultivated plantations. In Maryland settlement was too 
sparse to make any such advance. If it was done. Gov. Sharpe 
believed that many settlers would leave the colony. Again, 
in Pennsylvania millers bought com and drovers eolleeted 
eattle, but not in Maryland where there was no demand. Land 
eould, therefore, ahvays be rented in Pennsylvania, but in Mary- 
land the population was not suffieiently large to supply tenants. 
In Virginia Gov. Rharpc frnmd that the land was more fertile 
and the colony more prosperous than in Maryland. 

' C. P., June 7, 1748, Archives, xxvnr, 420-24. 



The discouraging economic situation in Maryland, as com- 
pared with the two neighboring colonies, Gov. Sharpe attri- 
buted partly to the clergy taxes, partly to higher quit rents. 
Although the purchase money was higher in Pennsylvania than 
in Maryland, it was paid once for all, while the quit rent, a 
perpetual charge, was lower, and there was no clergy tax. 
These two items gave an annual rate in Maryland of 5 s. 9 d. 
per 110 acres in excess of that in Pennsylvania. In Virginia, 
though there was a clergy tax, the purchase money was less, 
and the quit rent only one-haK the usual rate in Maryland. 
From these contemporary observations of Gov. Sharpe, it is 
clear that the quit rent, together with the clergy tax, had at 
least a retarding influence in the growth and general pros- 
perity of Maryland.^ 


Certain definite conclusions may be drawn from this study 
of the quit rents in Maryland: 

1. In its institutional development lie system of quit rents 
followed a peaceful evolution. Confronted at first by the 
problem of settling a new fonntry, the proprietor was restrained 
from demanding too excessive a rent. This same limitation 
prevented later attempts to impose an unreasonable rate. A 
similar opportunist policy was followed in formulating a system 
of collection and enforcement. jSTcw methods were adopted as 
they were demanded by the expansion of the colony. Con- 
stantly the proprietor recognized the influence of a represen- 
tative assembly which was on the watch to prevent extortionate 
methods. The result was an eflfective system of colonial tax- 
ation by an absentee proprietor. 

2. The minutiae in the gradual development of the quit rent 
system are typical of many of the problems that confronted 

' Sharpe to Calvert, Feb. 10, 1754, Archives, vi, 376; Memorandum of 
Gov. Sharpe and Council, about 1757-58, Ctdvert Papers. 



the colonial government. The quit rents inevitably became 
involved in the problems that arose from the immense crops 
of tobacco and the necessity of cultivating other commodities. 
Therefore in the. early days the proprietors accepted the medium 
of payment that was possible. The extortion of money pay- 
ments, even though the proprietor had the right to exact them, 
would have led to serious disturbances. The same liberal 
policy was shown in granting special rates in order to foster 
the best interests of the colony. While the settlement of the 
back country, and the pacification of the Indians had been the 
chief results of these special rates, the proprietor had at least 
tried to buUd up the commercial interests in promoting the 
founding of towns. The agreement for a partial, and then a 
complete, composition for the quit rents, had also formed a 
phase of this pacific policy. Even though the proprietor had 
suffered much loss, this agreement was only terminated by 
the jealous fears of the tenants. All such pacific measures 
were of course beneficial to the proprietor as ultimately pro- 
moting the peaceful collection of the rent, and thus increasing 
the value of his colony. Yet with practically absolute power 
over the terms of the land grants, the proprietor might have 
disregarded the voice of the Assembly, and have adopted a blind 
system of extortion which would have wrought great injury. 

3. As a political measure the quit rent did not cause any 
appreciable opposition to the colonial government. The ease 
with which the rents were collected is a proof of this assertion. 
The arrears were large in the seventeenth century, but the 
gradual systematization of collection and enforcement overcame 
this situation in the end except on the Eastern Shore and in 
Frederick County, the two frontier sections. In both the 
arrears resulted from the careless work of ineflicient agents 
rather than from actual opposition, and they were finally col- 
lected without any great friction. The tenants, through the 
Assembly, confined their efforts to attempts to secure more 
favorable terms; they made no opposition to the tax itself. 

IiAKD NOTES, 1634^1655. 


Perhaps, in view of the small burden, the persistent attempts 
to secure an agreement were not wholly the result of monetary 
considerations. When the tax was collected by a duty the 
evidence of external control was largely removed. Doubtless 
the efforts for an agreement were in reality only the expression 
of a growing feeling for colonial independence. But the evi- 
dence does not show that the quit rent itself was a material 
factor in promoting the growth of this feeling. Merely the 
general attitude was reflected, not towards the tax, but towards 
the methods of collection. 

4. In its economic effect the quit rent had been a retarding 
factor, together with the clergy tax, upon the growth of the 
colony, although the burden was comparatively light and evenly 
distributed. Gov. Sharpe shows clearly that the amount of 
these two taxes kept out many intending settlers. In these 
early days even a slight increase in the rates would operate in 
such a fashion.^ 

LAND NOTES, 1634^-1655. 

[Continued from p. 271.] 

Liber L. O. E., I. 
26* ffebr 1639. 

Set forth for Nathaniel Pope a parcell of Land bounding on 
Ae west with Maries Bay, on the South w*? S* John's Creek 
and the Town Land of John Lewger Esq on the East with the 
Northern branch of the Said S* John's Creek and on the North 
with a right line drawn from a Swamp in the Said S5 Maries Bay 
called Pope's Swamp, . . . containing iu the whole one hundred 
acres or thereabouts. 

'While it is probably impossible to form a comparative estimate of 
the density of population in Maryland and Pennsylvania, at least the 
testimony of Gov. Sharpe, a most competent witness, shows that the quit 
rent had kept out many intending settlers. 




27* ffebr 1639. [Manor of Snow Hill.] 

Set forth for Abel Snow a parcell of Land Lyeing together 
about Snow hill, bounding upon the South with S^ John's Creek, 
on the East with the Northern branch of the Said Creek, untill it 
meet with Mattapanient path, and See along the Said path unto 
the Southern bound of Ponlton's Manor called the Manor . . . 
on the North with a right line drawn from the Said bound in the 
Path unto S^ George's Kiver above the place commonly called 
Portobacko quarter or the head of the River and on the West 
with the Said River containing in the whole to the quantity of 
Six thousand acres or thereabouts. 

28*? March 1640. 

Robert Percie Gent demandeth Land to him for transporting 
himself at his own charge into the Province upon the Merchant- 
Bonaventure in the Year 1635 (Viz') 100 acres of Land in 
ifreehold, and was allowed. 


The Said Robert Percie assigned over all his right and Interest 
unto the Said 100 acres of Land unto John Dandie and his heirs. 

Robert Percy. 

21 July 1640. 

Came the Said John Dandie and assigned over all his right and 
Interest unto the Said 100 acres imto Philip West and his heirs. 

the Mark of John X Dandie. 

21 July 1640. 

The Said Robert Percy Gent demandeth ffive acres of Town 
Land due to him for transporting himself at his own charge into 
the Province in the year 1635. — and assigned over all his right 
unto the Said five acres unto Robert Clerk Gent. 

4*? December 1640. [Manor of St. Richards.] 

Richard Garnett prayeth to have granted to him a Manor of 
1000 acres for transporting himself his wife and four Children 
and two Servants into the Province in the year 1637. 

LAKD NOTES, 1634-1655. 


6*? Decemb 1640. 

Laid out for Richard Garnett a parcell of Land lyeing upon 
the South Side of Patuxent River and bounding on the North 
with Laurences Creek, and a paralell line drawn from the 
Westermost bite of the Said Creek where the Manor of S^ Gregorie 
ends due West till it intersect the path way leading over the head 
of the Said Si Laurences Creek on the west with a Meridian Line 
drawn from the Said Intersection for the length of 530 perches 
on the South with a paralell line drawn from the end of the Said 
530 perches due East untill it Intersect the Meridian of the 
Southermost branch of Si Stevens Creek where the Manor of the 
Conception ends and on the East with Patuxent Elver containing 
1000 acres. 

30'? March 1640. 

MT Gerrard demandeth 1000 acres of Land for transporting 
into the Province at his own charge five able men in the years of 
our Lord 1635. & 1636 and Since that is to Say : 

Oliver Gibbons Henry Smith Thomas Morris. 

William Pinly Thomas White 

30'? March 1640. 
I would have you to lay out for M^ Thomas Gerrard 1000 
acres of Land adjoyning to the Korth of S? Clement's Manor 
where the Town of Mattapanient now Standeth, and including the 
Island in Si Catherines Creek called Si Catherines Island. 

13 Nov 1641. 

Thomas Gerrard demandeth .... acres of Land more for 
transporting at his own charge .... able men in the year of our 

Lord 1640 

John Gerrard Richard Wright Francis Sutton 

John Taylor Richard Boreman Thomas Doe 

John Shanks Richard Walker 

3'? Aprill 1640. 

Owen Phillips Gent demandeth one hundred acres of Land due 
to him by Conditions of Plantation for transporting himself into 
the Province in the year 1638. — And was allowed. — 



3^ Aprill 1640. 

Lay out one hundred acres of Land at Pinie point Plantation 
for Owen Phillips Gent for transporting himself at his own 
Charge into the Province in the year 1638. 

4*? Aprill 1640. 

Came the Said Owen Phillips and assigned over all his right 
and Interest in the Said hundred acres of Land unto Peter Draper. 

2'^ Aprill 1640. 

Leonard Calvert Esq demandeth 100 acres of Land due to him 
for transporting into the Province one able man Servant called 
James Hockly in the year 1633 and assigned over his intweiSt in 
the Said 100 acres unto Peter Draper. 

Peter Draper demandeth 100 acres of Land for transporting 
himself into the Province in the year 1633, and 100 acres more 
Due by assignment from Leonard Calvert Esq and one hundred 
acres more due by assignment from Owen Phillips Gent. 

10*? Aprill 1643. 

Peter Draper Gent demandeth 1300 acres of Land due by 
assignment of Leonard Calvert Esq, and 100 acres more due in 
his own name ut Sup : and 100 acres more due by aseignment of 
Owen Phillips vt Supra. 


I doe assigne 1300 acres of the Land demanded by me upon 
Record and due by Conditions of Plantacon unto Peter Draper. 

Leonard Calvert. 

Aprill 28 1640. 

Eandall Eevell demandeth one hundred acres of Land for 
transporting himsdfe into the Province. 

17'? Octob 1640. 

Ijaid out for Eandell Revell a Neck of Land within the Manor 
of West S* Maries called Green's Point bounding on the East 
South and North with George's jRiver, m *he West with a 

LABdb ^mm, 16S4-1655. 

Line drawn Cross the Woods, beginning at the Westermost 
branch of the Creek Called the Oyster Creek and ending at the 
head of a bite on the South Side of Thomas Surgeons Creek called 
Cooper's bite containing in the whole 100 acres or thereabouts 

Kob. Clarke. 

29ti'Novemb 1642. 

The Said Eandall Surrendred his Said Patent into his Lord- 
ship's hande to the use of Jane Cookshotfc Widow. 

July 27* 1641. 

Randall Revell demandeth one hundred acres of Land for 
transporting Rebecca his wife into the Province and 50 acres 
more for transporting his Son John Since the year 1634, and 100 
acres more for 1 man Servant Richard Nevill 25* August 1641, 
and 100 acres more assigned from Thomas Letherborow, and 
assigned his right in 50 acres unto Richard Nevill. 

Decemb 14* 1641. 

Laid out for Randol Revell a parcel of Land lyeing on the 
South Side of Breton's Bay Containing 300 acres or thereabouts. 

6* May 1640. 

Mary Throughton Widdow demandeth fifty acres of Land due 
by Speciall warrant from his Lordship for transporting ho-self 
and 6 Servants into the Colony in the year 1638. 

29* May 1640. 

Laid out for the Said M" Mary Throughton a portion of Town 
land lyeing nearest together about the Plantation called S? 
Barbara's, containing in the whole to the quantity of ffiftie acres 
or thereabouts. 

29*? Octob 1639. 

Memorandum That I have assigned Seven hundred and fiftie 
acres of Land to M' Britton in a neck upon the Main to the 
Northward of Heron Island and to the Eastward of S! Clements 
Maaior, Provided th^t he enter his iMt»@s for which the Said Land 



is due in the Surveyor's book, and procure the Same to be 
Surveyed within a twelve month from the date hereof and take a 
Grant of it under the GrKit Seal. 

Leonard Calvert. 

28 Octob 1639. 

William Britten Gent demandeth ffive hundred and ffiftie acres 
of Land in ffreehold for transporting himself and wife and one 
-Child and three able manservants and two hundred acres more 
due Thomas Nabbs for transporting himself and his wife whose 
assigne the Said William Britten is by intermarriage w"^ Mary 
daughter and heir of the Said Thomas, the Said pei'sons Trans- 
ported into the Province of Maryland in the year 1637 te plant 
and Inhabit there, 

Names of the 3 Servants 
John Mansell, Richard Harris, James Jelfe. 

June 29'? 1640. 

Laid out for William Britton Geut one Neck of Land lyeing 
in Patomeck River, near over agt Heron Island, and bounding on 
the South with the Said Patomeck River on the West with S! 
Clements Bay on the East with a Great Bay called Brittaine Bay, 
and on the North with a line drawn cross the woods from S*. 
Clements Bay unto the head of a little Creek in Brittain Bay 
called S! Nicholas Creek, where now goeth the hedge of the Said 
William Britton, the Said Neck containing in the whole Seven 
hundred and fifty acres or thereibouts. 

12*? ffebr: 1639. 

My. Lewger you may Sett forth for yoiir self as assigne of Cap* 

The : Cernwaleys, one hundred acres of Town Land, lyeing about 
S* John's, and in your own right by vertue of a Speciall warrant 
from his Lordp one hundred acres more, the Said two hundred 
acres te begin en the South at a Swamp in the Mill Creek called 
West's Swamp, and so to run East into the weeds and en the 
North to bound with S'. John's Creek and to Include All the 
Marsh and low grounds on both Sides tiie Said Creek. 

Likewise yon may Set forth for your Self by Speciall wariant 

LAND KOTES, 1634-1655. 


from his Lordp any two Manors not exceeding three thousand 

acres in the whole in any part of Patowmeck River between the 
herring Creek, and the Land disposed of to M' William Britten 
and for Soe-doeing this Shall be your Warrant. 

Leonard Calvert. 

25"' July 1640. 

Baltasar Codd demandeth five acres of Town Land due to him 
for transporting himself at his own Charge into tlie Province in 
the Month of August 1638 and was allowed : 


The Said Baltasar assigned all his right and Interest in the Said 
five acres unto Robert Clerk. 

16"^ July 1640. 

Robert Clerk demandeth five acres of Town Land for transport- 
ing hin^plfe into the Province in the year 1637, and five and 
twenty acres more as assignc of William Britton Gent and five 
acres more as assigne of Robert Percy and ten acres more as 
assigne of Thomas Pasmore and 5 acres more as assigne of 
Baltasar Codd and one hundred acres of ffree Land due to him 
for transporting himself into the Province in the year one thousand 
Six hundred thirty Seven. 

21 July 1640. 

The Said Robert Clerk assigned all his right and Interest 
in the Said hundred acres imto Philip West. 

RoW Clarke. 

6"^ June 1640. 

I would have you to lay out fifty acres of Land bordering upon 
S^ Peters Key for John Harris and Thomas Allen and to grant 
them a Patent for it in ffreehold for the yeerly rent of a barrel of 

Leonard Calvert. 

15*'^ July 1640. 

Came Thomas Allen and quitted and assigned all his Interest 
in the Said Warrant unto John Harris. 



15* July 1640. 

Laid out for John Harris a neck of Land bordering upon a 
Creek in Inego's Creek called Peters Key . . . containing in 
the whole fiftie acres of Land or thereabouts. 

15'? September. 

Came John Harris and assigned all his right in the foresaid 
Land unto Roger Oliver Marriner. 

24*? July 1640. 

Thomas Pasmore demandeth Sixty Acres of Town Land for 
bringing into the Province at his own charge Six able men Ser- 
vants in the year 1634, and twenty acres of town Land more for 
four other Servants brought in by the Said Thomaa Pasmore in the 
latter end of the year 1635. 

Anno 1634 

Thomas Price, Rich* Williams, Henry Baker, 

Henry Tailor. 

Anno 1635 

John Armesby, Bryan KeUy, Thomas Thomas, 

Ananias Read. 

26"' July 1640. 

The Said Thomas Pasmore assigned ten of the aforesaid acres 
unto Robert Clerke. 

20*'' March 1640. 

Thomas Pasmore demandeth 100 acres Land for transporting 
into the Province in the year 1635, one man Servant named 
Henry Baker. 

And the Said Thomas assigned his Interest in the Said 100 
acres unto Anthony Rawlins. 

Septembr 4*? 1641. 

Lay out for Anthony Rawlins 50 acres of Land upon the point 
on the North Side of the Creek beyond Pork hall called the ffresh 

LAND NOTES, 1634-1655. 


21 July 1640. 

Phillip West Carpenter demaDdetli one hundred acres of Land 
in Eight of Robert Percy and one hundred acres more in right of 
Robert Clerk. 

30* July 1640. 

Laid out for Phillip "West a Neck of Land lyeing at the North 
end of the Manor of West Maries bounding on the South w'? a 
line drawn from a Marsh below the Plantation of late cleared by 
William Broughe and John Prettiman called ffrog marsh, through 
the woods of the Said Manor Westward for the length of 275 
perches or thereabouts unto a gutt falling into a Creek called the 
Oyster Creek, on the West and North with the Said Oyster Creek 
and on the East with S? George's River containing in the whole 
two hundred acres or thereabouts. 

11*? August 1640. 

Walter Broadhurst Gent demandeth three hundred acres of 
Land in ffreehold for transporting himself into the Province in 
the year 1638, with two able men Servants called Oliver Gibbons, 
and William Pinley. 

18*? July 1642. 

The Said Walter Broadhurst acknowledged that he had assigned 
over all his right in the two men and their Conditions of Planta- 
tion unto M^ Thomas Gerrard when he Sold him the men. And 
he further assigned over his own right in Conditions of Plantation 
for the transporting of himself unto the Said M^ Gerrard. 

7*? September 1640. 

Capt William Brainthwait Commander of the Isle of Kent. 

7'? September 1640. 

Robert Huett & Henry Bellamy pray to have confirmed to 
them the neck called Crany neck which they are now possessed of. 

24*? September 1640. 

I would have You to lay out for Robert Huett and Henry 
Bellamy, the neck called Craney neck in the Isle of Kent and to 



Certify to Secretary the bounds aad Contents thereof. [Manor 
of Crayford.] 

7*? Sept 1640. 

Edward Comins of the Isle of Kent Planter as assigne of 
Thomas Pett prayeth to have Confirmed to him that parcel] of 
Land which he now holdeth by Grant of Capt Clayborne. 

24'? September 1640. 

Lay out for Edward Comins the parcel! of Land which he now 
holdeth by Grant of Capt Clayborne, to Thomas Pett, whose 

assigne the Said Edward Comins is, and to certifie the bounds and 
Contents thereof to M! Secretary. 

9*? Nov. Eod. 

Laid out for Thomas Keyne the Neck of Land called hog penn 
Neck, lyeing between thicketty Creek on the North, hog pen 
Creek on the South Chesapeak bay on the West and a Meridian 
line drawn from the head of Thicketty Creek, to the head of hog 
pen Creek on the East Containing 100 acres. 

T** Sept 1640. 

Robert Philpott of the Isle of Kent Gent prayeth to have Con- 
firmed to him all that neck of Land w** he now holdeth by grant 
of Capt Will. Clayborne. 

25'? September 1640. 

Laid out for M^ Robert Philpott all that Neck of Land lyeing 
upon the Eastern Side of the Isle of Kent between the Land of 
Richard Thompson on the South Pinie bay on the North Chesa- 
peak bay on the East Philpotts Creek and a line drawn from the 
head of Philpotts Creek unto the head of the Northermost branch 
of Long point Creek on the West, Containing three hundred and 
fifty acres or thereabouts. 

7*? Septemb. 1640. 

Phillip Conner of the Isle of Kent Planter demandeth 100 
acres for transporting himself into the Province. 




The presentation to the Society, by Mr. Edward Stabler, of 
one of the old fashioned annuals, the Atlantic Souvenir for 1831, 
has brought out the fact that Air. Jolm H. B. Latrobe began his 
literary career as a writer of fiction under the nom-de-plume of 
Godfrey Wallace. 

Seven volumes of the Atlantic Souvenir were published in 
Philadelphia, from 1826 to 1832, and Mr. Latrobe, then a 
student of law, was an occasional contributor to its pages. In 
order to establish the identity of the pseudonym and make it a 
matt^ of record, Mr. Stabler has mad« the following statement : 

"There are probably very few members of the Maryland 
Historical Society who are aware that our late President, Hon. 
John H. B. Latrobe, was in early life a writer of fiction. 

"Some time during the year 1890 I called at his office upon a 
matter of business and after our business was finished, he, being 
in a reminiscent mood, told me many of the events of his early 
life. His father had died and left a small income for the mainte- 
nance and education of the family. He was the eldest child and 
while reading law in the office of Robert Goodloe Harper — there 
were no law schools then — and doing the legal drudgery of the 
office, he determined to supplement the family income by the use 
of his pen. Among his other efforts he wrote original stories for 
the Atlantic Souvenir, an annual published in Philadelphia for the 
holiday season. He did not claim great merit for these stories, 
but he said it was quite remarkable that he had not seen one of 
the issues of the little book since the time his last story was 
published and had made diligent search for them for fifty years. 
He told me that he had written under the nom-de-plume of 
'Godfrey Wallace' and that he would give almost 'its weight 
in gold ' for a copy of the Sowomk: 



" His plea appealed so strongly to me and having such a high 
regard — or I might say veneration — for Mr. Latrobe, who was an 
old personal friend of my father, I determined to find some of the 
coveted volumes as I felt sure that one or more of them must 
still be in existence. I made a note of the title, the publishers, 
names and the dates — ^not forgetting ' Godfrey Wallace.' 

" A few months after, I saw the title in a book auction catalogue, 
bearing the date wanted. I did not let the book escape me and 
when I presented it to Mr. Latrobe he received it with the affec- 
tion that he Avould have bestowed upon a long lost child that had 
most unexpectedly reappeared. He said my finding it was so 
rranarkable that he would ask me to write him a letter detailing 
the circumstances under which I searched for and found the book. 
He was writing his autobiography at that time — when he had the 
leisure or was in the humor — that his children may wish to pub- 
lish it ; he did not intend to do so. Some months after that I 
found a second volume and upon sending it to him, I received 
the following letter : 

< My dear Mr. Stabler : — 

'Another volume of the Atlantic Souvenir containing one of 
my novellettes has made its appearance, for which I have to thank 
you. There still remain two of these elforts of my early days, in 
which love of literature inspired me less, I honestly admit, than 
the pecuniary compensation. " The Esmeralda " and " Heroine 
of Suli." 

* It is rare that one finds a friend who is willing to take the 
trouble that you have done, in this connection, and again I thank 

Most truly, 

Jno. H. B. Lateobe. 
Edwaed Stabler, Esq. October 1, 1890.' 

"After Mr. Latrobe's death I picked up two more copies, one of 
them from a foreign catalogue and presented them to General F. 
0. Latrobe. 

" During the past month, !• hxve iaamd an additional copy fot 


the year 1831 and have presented it to the Historical Society as 
it is a duplicate of those formerly discovered by me. 

Edwakd Stablee, Jr." 

[The story in the Souvenir for 1831 is entitled "Giles 
Heatherby, the Free Trader." Mr, Latrobe's other contributions 
published under his own name are : History of Mason and 
Dixon's Line, 1854; Personal Recollections of the B. & O. 
Railroad, 1858 ; Justice's Practice under the laws of Maryland, 
1840, and many subsequent editions; Hints for six months in 
Europe, 1869 ; Odds and Ends (Verse), privately printed 1876 ; 
History of Maryland in Liberia, 1885; Reminiscences ofi West 
Point, 1818 to 1822, 1877.] 


Lieut. Raphael. Semmbs to Gov. P. F. Thomas. 

U. S. Navy Yard, Pensacola. 

August 2nd, 1848. 


I have had the honor to receive your communication on the 
11th ult. enclosing me a copy of a resolution of the General 
Assembly of Maryland, tendering me, its thanks, and congratu- 
lations, for my services in Mexico, during the late war. 

I feel highly honored by so flattering a testimonial of the 
manner in which my poor services have been regarded by my 
native State — ^that State, which, in all my wanderings by sea, and 
land, I have ever looked back upon, with pride and filial affec- 

Mexico having had, during the late contest, neither commerce, 
nor ships of war upon the Ocean, the Navy has been of necessity, 
compelled to play but a subordinate part, and in seizing the 



opportunity, which chance threw in my way, of participating 
with our glorious army, in the battles of the Valley of Mexico, 
I have done no more than Maryland had a right to expect, of the 
meanest of her sons. 

I shall ever cherish this expression of her maternal regard, 
with honest pride, and carrying the recollection of it, with me, 
to distant seas, endeavour to repay in some degree, by renewed 
devotion to the interests, and honor of our common country, 
the ksting debt of gratitude, under which she has placed me. 

For the very kind terms in which you have been pleased to 
convey to me, this expressicm of the feelings of my fellow citizens 
of Maryland, be pleased to accept the assurances of my friendly 

I have the honor to be. Very Respectfully, your Obt. Servt. 

E. Semmes, 

Lrieut. U. S. Navy. 

His Excellency 
Philip F. Thomas, 

Governor of the State of Maryland. 

Lieut. John Contbb to Gov. P. F. Thomas. 

Chateau Conti. 

Decf 2d. 1848. 


I have the honor to acknowledge yr. letter, and with it a copy 
of " the preamble and resolutions of the General Assembly of 
Maryland " referring to my conduct in the Naval operations 
during the War with Mexico, and presenting the thanks of the 
Legislature of my native state for my services. 

Thro' yr. Excellency I would express the deep sense of grati- 
tude I feel for the honor thus conferred upon me by my native 
state — her kind consideration in thus noticing my humble part is 
indeed grateful to me. In the hour of danger and trial the 
thought, that the state of our birth, and love will approve our 
effort^ is a bright and cheering one— in this way is it, that Mary- 


land, never unmindful of her least conspicuous sons, ever finds 
willing hearts prompt to obey her call, and to serve her with 
faithfulness and devotion. To none is her smile more dear than 
to the Naval Man who almost alienated from his birth-land, yet 
with sincere attachment to it, finds himself not forgotten. Permit 
me to thank yr. Excellency for the very kind and complimentary 
manner in which you have been pleased to communicate these 
resolutions, and to assure you of the additional pleasure it gives 
me to find my " character and public services " meeting with the 
approbation of the Executive of my native state. 

I have the honor to be very respectfully yr. obd. svt. 

John Contee, 

Lieut. U. S. Navy. 

His Excellency 

Governor Philip F. Thomas, 

Chables Caeboll to Gov. P* F. Thomas. 

Dear Sir 

I met General Riley ^ here yesterday, one of the heroes of 
Contreras and other battles in Mexico. He is a son of Maryland 
as you are aware. One of the pieces taken by him at Contreras 
was a brass 12 pr. an old and beautiful Spanish gun, and either is 
or is to be presented to his native State through Reverdy John- 
son. He informs me that he has since learned that there is also 

' Bennet Eiley, became an ensign of rifles, January 19, 1813 ; 3rd-Lt. 
March 12, 1813 ; 2nd-Lt. April 15, 1814 ; Ist-Lt. March 31, 1817 ; Regimental- 
Adjutant, December 1816 to July 1817; Captain, August 6, 1818 ; transferred to 
5th Infantry June 1, 1821 ; transferred to 6th Infantry October 3, 1821 ; Major 
4th Infantry September 26, 1837 ; Lt.-Col. 2nd Infantry December 1, 1839 ; 
Colonel 1st Infantry January 31, 1850 ; Brevet-Major August 6, 1828, for ten 
years faithful service in one grade ; Colonel June 2, 1840, the day on which veas 
fought the battle of Chokachatta, Fla., in which he particularly distinguished 
himself by bravery and good conduct and for long, meritorious and gallant ser- 
vice ; Brig.-Genl. April 18, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct in the 
battle of Cerro Gordo, Mexico and Major-Genl. August 20, 1847, for gallant 
conduct at the battle of Contreras ; died, June 9, 1853. 


HABTZiAHD mmomojo, UmAZISM. 

a mate to this piece being an exact counterpart of it, taken also I 
believe at Contreras, and thinks that if proper application be 
made for it at the Department, it can also be had. Knowing the 
interest you feel for everything connected with the Military spirit 
in our State, I have thought proper to give you this information 
that you may act in the premises as you will deem best ; at the 
same time I would suggest that if possible, these twin trophies 
should not be separated. Mr. Hagner the brother of Mrs. Joseph 
Nicholson, I understand has it in charge and can give all infor- 
mation in respect to it. 

General Riley is on his \tjfty to California, where he may 
remain some years, and I know that I need but mention the 
subject to you to bespeak in advance your assistance and influence, 
to have a handsome sword presented to him by our State at the 
next meeting of the Assembly.* 

I am with great Respect, Yours 

Chables Cabboll. 

Irving House, Oct. 17 1848. 
New York. 

F. M. Baughman to Gov. P. F. Thomas. 

Baltimore, June 8, 1849. 

His Excellency P. F. Thomas 
Governor of Maryland. 


It being expected by the National Washington Monument 
Committee that each State will furnish one stone of its own peculiar 
marble, to be placed in some conspicuous part of the structure, I 
have thought it not amiss to invite your attention to that fact at 
this early day, inasmuch as the specimens will be fixed perma- 
nently in the wall in the order in which they may be received.^ 

To delay this matter until the next meeting of the Legislature, 
may be the means of concealing altogether the contribution of our 

'Kesolution No. 83, Acts Dec. Sess., 1849 authorized and directed the Gover- 
nor to procure and present the sword to Genl. Biley. 

' Beeolution No. 76, Acts Dec. Sese., 1849 provides for a suitable marhle block, 



State. This if possible should be avoided, and as the expense 
will be inconsiderable, I propose with the sanction of your 
Excellency to prepare a suitable stone bearing our State Arms, or 
such other device as you may suggest, and wait for the payment 
until the Legislature may make provision therefor. 

If your Excellency approve the suggestion and will be kind 
enough to notify me thereof, I will immediately correspond with 
the Secretary of the Association in reference to the style, dimen- 
sions, &c. 

With the highest consideration, I have the honor to be your 
Excellency's friend & Obt. servant 

F. M. Baughman. 



1. William Hungerfokd' came to Maryland in 1646 and 
settled in Charles County. 7 April 1648, William White 
demands 100 acres of land for transporting himself in 1646, 
100 more for William Hungcrford, and 100 more for John 
Ward for transporting themselves in the same year, and 
receives a warrant for 300 acres on the south side of 
Hierom's Creek, " commonly known as Poplar Neck " &c. 
(Land Office, Lib. ABH, fol. 6). 30 May 1648, William 
Hungerford demands 100 acres for transporting Iiimself in 
1647, and receives a warrant for that amount of land to be 
laid out on Wiccocomico River (Land Office, Lib. ABH, 
vol. 14). It is probable that William Hungerford had 
removed to Virginia, and returned to Maryland in 1647, 
therefore making a new entry of rights. Such cases were of 

to be engraved with the coat of arms of the state and the inscription : " Maryland 
—The tnemorial of her regard for the Father of his Country, and of her cordial, 
habitual and immovable attachment to the American Union." There does not 
appear to be any record as to who executed the stone, though evidently Mr. 
Baughman's offer was not accepted. 



frequent occurrence. 2 January 1646/7, William Hnnger- 
ford \fas among those who swore fealty to tlie Proprietary 
(Jfd. Archiveis, ni, ] 74), and 1 May 1647 he gave his note 
to James Lindsay for 300 lbs. of tobacco (ibid., iv, 312). 
He seems to have been a soldier, for 29 Feb. 1647/8, 
William Hungerford and others petitioned "for themselves 
and severall soldiers " against the estate of Mrs. Margaret 
Brent "for their wages" {ibid., i, 226). 3 Oct. 1648, 
William Hungerford was one of a special jury in the case of 
Cuthbert Fenwick vs. Mrs. Margaret Brent his Lordship's 
attorney {Md. Archives, iv, 413), and 5 Dec. 1648 he was 
a member of the Provincial Grand Jury (ibid., 447). 15 
March 1649, he again appears as member of a trial jury 
(ibid., 481), and 3 June 1650 he entered his mark for cattle 
and hogs as required bylaw {ibid., x, 13). 19 Oct. 1650, 
he Avitnesses a bill of sale of a cow by William Evans to 
Thomas Thomas (ibid., 190). He died before 1662 as shown 
by the following extract: 1 Oct. 1662, "William Barton 
Junior delivereth up this ensuing Patent of land and 
Assigneth all his Right title and interest of and to the same 
unto his brother-in-law Thomas Smoote for the use of 
William Hungerford Junior son to William Hungerford 
deceased." Subjoined is a patent, dated 20 March 1658, to 
William Smoot for 240 acres in Charles County, and 
assigned by said William Smoot to William Barton Jr., 
(Charles Co., Lib. A, fol. 243). William Hungerford was 
father of 

2. i. WniiiiAM HuNGBsroBD,' d..l704. 

2. WlIiLtAM HuNGBRPOED^ of Charles County, son of William 
Hungerford^ the immigrant, died in 1704. His will, dated 
22 January 1704, was proved 14 March following. He 

appears to have been a minor in 1662 (see above), and 22 
Dec. 1687 a tract of 28 acres called Hungerford's Choice 
was surveyed for him (Charles Co. Rent Roll). He married 
Margaret daughter of Capt. William Barton of Charles 
County, probably about 1686 as their eldest son Barton 
Hungerford was born iu 1687. In consideration of this 
marriage Capt. William Barton deeded, 13 June 1688, to 
his son-in-law William Hungerford and his daughter Mar- 
garet wife of the latter, two tracts, called Barton's Woodyard 
or Capell, aggregating 200 acres. Mrs. Margaret (Barton) 
Hungerford married secondly Jacob Miller of Charles 



County who died in 1720, but seems to have had no issue by 
him. She was living in 1733 when she executed a deed of 
gift to her son Barton. William Hungerford and Margaret 
(Barton) his wife bad issue : — 

3. i. Babton Htjnqeefobd,' b. 1687 ; d. 25 Jan'y 1758. 

ii. WiLMAM HuNGEKFOBD, b. 12 June 1694 ; living 1756, when he deeds 
land in Charles County. 

iii. Thomas Hunqbhford, d. 1724 ; mar. Mary (who mar. 

secondly Wm. Goodrick) but seems to have had no issue. 

iv. John Hungekfokd. 

V. Hungeepoed, living 1728. 
vi. Anne Hunqeefoed, mar. Tliomas Lucas of Pr. Geo. Co. 

vii. Elizabeth Hungerford, b. 14 Feb. 1691 ; mar. John Neale. 

viii. Maby Hungebfobd. 

3. Barton HungBBFORd ' of Charles County, son of William ^ 
and Margaret, was born in 1687. His age is given in 
depositions as 44 years in 1731 (Charles Co., Lib. 36, fol. 
516); 51 in 1737 {ibid., Lib. 38, fol. 430); 55 in 1742 
{ibid., Lib. 39, fol. 425); and 56 in 1742 {ibid.. Lib. 39, 
fol. 464). He died 25 January 1768 leaving a nuncupative 
will proved the following day by the oaths of witnesses who 
testify that " last night a little before he died " he made 
certain dispositions. He married Elizabeth daughter of 
John and Ann Gwinn of Charles County. She is mentioned 
in her mother's will and joined her husband in deeds in 
1729 and 1743, but evidently died before him. Barton 
Hungerford executed deeds, in his life time, to his sons 
Thomas, Charles, and William, and to his daughter Eliza- 
beth, and the names of his other children are derived from 
the probate records. 

Barton Hungerford and Elizabeth (Gwinn) his wife had 

issue : — 

4. i. Thomas Hungeeford,' d. 4 April 1772. 

5. ii. Baeton Hungebfobd, d. 1765. 
iiL William Hungebfoed, d. 1761. 

iv. Chables Hungebi'obd, living 1764. 
V. John HtrNGEBrOBD, d. 1766. 

vi. Elizabeth Hungebfobd, d. unmarried 1764. 

vii. Jane Htjngebfobt), mar. Williaim Vincent 

4. Thomas Hungerford,^ son of Barton* and Elizabeth, 
died 4 April 1772 (Family Bible). In 1753 he was living on 
a tract called Bachelor's Delight in Charles County, Mary- 
land, and in that year had a deed for this land from" bis 
father, but prior to 1764 he removed to King George Co., 



Virginia. This is shown by deeds in 1764 and 1765 
wherein he disposes of his Charles County lands, styling 
himself "Thomas Hungerford of King George County, 
Virginia, Gent." He was High Sheriff of Charles County 
from 8 Oct. 1746 to 22 Oct. 1748 (Commission Book). He 
died, according to family record, in Westmoreland Co., Va., 
where his descendants continned to reside. Thomas Hun- 
gerford married in 1738, Ann daugliter of John Pratt of 
Westmoreland Co., Va., and Margaret Birlcett his wife. 
She was bom 26 Oct. 1718, and died 8 May 1800. 
Thomas Hungerford and Ann (Pratt) his wife, had issue : — 

3. i. Lieut. Thomas HuNaERFORD," d. May 1803. 

ii. Gen. John Pbatt Hungerford, b. 1760 ; d. 21 Dec. 1833. 

5. Bartok Hungerford ' of Charles County, son of Barton' 
and Elizabeth, died in 1765. He married Jane sister of 
Barton Warren, and in his will appoints his wife and his 
brother-in-law his executors. Mrs. Jane Hungerford died 
in 1795. 

Barton Hungerford and Jane (Warren) his wife had iesne : — 

7. i. Thomas Hungerford,^ d. 1799. 

ii. Mary Hungerford, mar. Thomas. 

iii. Janb Hungerford. 

iv. SuaANNA Hungerford, d. unmarried, Dec. 1796. 

v. EuzARETE Hungerford, mar. 8 Jane 1779, Philip Jenkins. 

vi. Sarah Hungerford, mar. William Vincent. 

6. Lieut. Thomas Hungerford,* son of Thomas * and Ann, 
was an officer in the Continental Line in the Hevolution, and 
died, according to family record in May 1803. He was 
commissioned, 15 Jan'y 1777, Second Lieut, in the 3"^ Vir- 
ginia Regiment, and served until 14 Sept. 1778 (Heitman's 
Register). He married Anne Washington, sister of Dr. 
William Washington (b, 1779 ; d. 1863) of Alexandria, Va. 
Lieut. Thomas Hungerford and Anne (Washington) his wife 
had issue: — 

5. i. Thomas Hungerford.' 

). ii. Col. John Washington Hungerford. 

). iii. Heney Hungerford. 

iv. William Hungerford, U. S. N. ; b. 1795 ; d. June 1814 ; buried in 
St. Paul's Churchyard, Norfolk, Va. 

7. Thomas Hungerford* of Charles County, son of Barton* 
and Jane, di@d in 1799 intestate and his e^te was adminis- 



tered by his widow Violetta. He married, 17 'Nov. 1778, 
Violetta Gwinn of Charles County and had issue : — 

11. i. John B. Hungerpoed,'' d. 1822. 

ii. EiiEANOE Ann Hungeefokd, mar. her cousin Col. John Washington 
Hungerford of Westmoreland Co., Va. 

8. Thomas Htjngebford/ son of Lieut. Thomas® and Anne, 
married Helen Stith and had issue : — 

i. Wsi. Hbney Hungbefobd, has descendants in Alabama. 

ii. John H. Hungekfokd, XJ. S. N., lost at sea. 

iii. Rosalie HtiNOEEPORD. 

iv. Helen Htjngebfobd. 

9. Col. John WASHUsrGTOJr Hungebfoed,* son of Lieut. 

Thomas,^ married his cousin Eleanor Ann Hungerford 
daughter of Thomas and Violetta. They had issue : — 

i. Thos. jBrFEKSON HuNGEEFOKD, d. Unmarried 24 Dec. 1843. 

ii. ViKGiNiA Hungerford, d. 1879 ; mar. Eev. D. M. Wharton. 

iii. Letitia Gwinn Hungerford. 

iv. John Washington Hungerford, killed in battle 1863. 

V. Eleanor Ann Hungerford, mar. Dr. F. D. Wheelwright. 

vL Julia E. Hungebfobd, mar. Colville Griffith. 

10. Henby Hungebfobd/ son of Lieut. Thomas ® and Anne, 
married Amelia Spence and had issue : — 

i. William Hungerford, d. an infant. 

ii. Catherine Hungerford. 

iii. Amelia Hungerford. 

iv. Henry Hungerford. 

v. Henrietta Virghtia Hungebfobd, mar. W. H. Minnix. 

vi. Philip Contee Hungerfosd, mar. Amelia F. Spence. 
vii. Amanda F. Hungerford, mar. Col. J. Warren Hutt. 

11. John B. Hungebfobd* of Charles County, son of 
Thomas ° and Violetta, died in 1822 intestate and his estate 
was administered by his widow Juliet. Her will was proved 
in Charles County in 1837, and in it she appointed her 
brother-in-law Col. John Washington Hungerford her 
executor and trustee for her children. 

John B. Hungerford and Juliet his wife had issue : — 

i. Violetta G. Hungerford, mar Turner. 

ii. Gerard Wood Hungerford. 

iii. Winifred Hungebfobd. 




Narratives of Early Maryland {1633-1684). Edited by Clayton 
Colman Hall, LL. B., A. M., of the Maryland Historical 
Society. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1910. 

The time has gone by when histories could be written by 
pouring out of one bottle into another. The historian is now 
expeeted to lay his foundations in original documents, in undis- 
puted records, aud in the writings of those who either bore a part 
in the events or were very close to them. Of course the 
historian who aims at being something more than a meelianieal 
chronicler is bound to give his interpretation of the fects ; but he 
is also bound not to suppress or pervert them. 

Fortunately, the history of Maryland has been such as to give 
but few openings for perversion ; and if the earlier histories now 
need correction, it is chiefly because materials not accessible to the 
writers have since come to light. Fortunately, too, these earlier 
historians, almost to a man, wrote in good faith ; and there were 
few of the quality of that writer who, to bolster up a false asser- 
tion, cited so much of a document as seemed to support his thesis, 
and deliberately suppressed the part that completely overthrew it. 
Not with such would I class those simple souls who tell us that 
Margaret Brent deserves a place in the Hall of Fame because she 
demanded "two votes" iu the Maryland Assembly. Even if 
they said " three votes," why disturb their harmless fancies by 
referring them to the Assemblij Join-nall (Let it not be thought 
that I deem Mistress Brent unworthy of the distinction — far from 
it : but if I rightly estimate the character of that gentlewoman, 
I think she would object to the company. But this is obiter dictum.^ 

In the editing of this volume, the tenth in the valuable series of 
Original Narratives of Early American History in course of publi- 
cation under the general editorship of Dr. J. F. Jameson, Mr. Hall 



has rendered a service to historical writers and students that cannot 
be too highly estimated — a service for which he is eminently fitted 
by extensive knowledge and the judicial temperament. The book 
contains accurate reproductions of more than a score of the most 
important documents illustrating the foundation and infancy of 
the colony, taken either from original manuscripts or the earliest 
printed copies. 

Probably the most interesting of these documents is that con- 
taining the instructions of Cecilius, Lord Baltimore, issued to the 
leaders of the first band of colonists. Of this vitally important 
paper nothing was known until 1888, when it was acquired by 
the Maryland Historical Society among the Calvert Papers. It 
is written by Baltimore's own hand, and is evidently the original 
draft of the instructions delivered to Leonard Calvert and the 
Commissioners just before the Ark and Dove set sail. The 
wisdom, foresight, and practical soundness of these instructions are 
remarkable for a young man of twenty-seven ; and we can hardly 
err in supposing that they reflect the substance of many conversa- 
tions with his wise and experienced father. 

The very first article of these instructions lays down the Pro- 
prietary's fundamental policy of religious toleration. Not only 
were the Commissioners enjoined to permit no offence to be given 
on account of difference in faith, and to forbid the discussion of 
matters of religion, but they direct that the Catholic worship and 
religious acts shall be done as privately as may be, that there may 
be nothing to disturb the " unity and peace " which he has chiefly 
at heart. The words are noteworthy, for external peace might 
coexist with bitter internal animosity ; but he wishes his colonists 
to dwell in " unity." This paper was not for the public eye ; it 
was the exposition of his wishes and purposes to his brother and 
his two coadjutors, for them alone to see, and lay hidden among 
private papers until lately brought to light. It is idle after this 
revelation to assert, as some have done (and will doubtless continue 
to do) that religious toleration was forced on the Proprietary by a 
Protestant Assembly after the Parliament party had got the 
upper hand in England. It is true, that Assembly did pass a 
Toleration Act of its own in 1654, and it may be read in the 
pages of the Journal. 



Among the narrative pieces is Father White's account of the 
voyage of the Ark and Dove in 1633. The Father's Latin 
narrative, sent by him to the General of the Jesuit order has long 
been known, but this account in English was prepared by him 
for Gov. Calvert. Its existence was not known until 1894, when 
the original autograph was acquired by the Historical Society. 

The Relation of Marijland, giving a description of the 
Province, and instructions for those intending to settle, to which 
is appended a copy of the charter, has been reprinted among 
other early American tracts. This reproduction is made from one 
of the extremely rare original pamphlets issued in 1635. We 
have also letters from the Jesuit missionaries to the Provincial in 
England giving accounts of affairs in the colony, and the long 
letter of Leonard Calvert telling the particulars of the reduction 
of Kent Island. 

With these we may place the rather fantastic pamphlet of 

George Alsop, the indented servant, written for the encourage- 
ment of men of the working class who might be considering the 
advisability of trying their fortunes in Maryland. George paints 
the colony as almost an earthly paradise ; a land of peace, of 
ease, of virtue and of abundance. Assuredly there could be no 
apprehensions of starvation in a household where seven persons 
had eighty carcasses of deer stored and awaiting consumption. 
George also wished to show that the climate is not unfavorable to 
the elegancies of literature, and writes in a style imitating Nashe 
and Nathaniel Ward, as the clown in the circus imitates the 

We have also a group of controversial pamphlets, such as 
2he Lord JBaltimore^s Case, prepared to defend his charter and 
government before Cromwell and his Council, when both were 
fiercely assailed not only by Virginians but by the Puritans in 
Maryland, who chose that way of showing their gratitude for a 
refuge from Virginian persecution. Virginia and Maryland is an 
answer to this piece. Two accounts of the battle at the Severn 
are given, one by a member of the Puritan party, and the oilier 
as an answer to it. 

Elucidating the difficulties with Pennsylvania, we have reports 



of conferences between William Penn and Charles Lord Balti- 
more, and Peun and George Talbot, the surveyor-general. The 
craft and unctuousness of the suave and labyrinthine Penn are 
delightfully characteristic. 

Mr. Hall's introductions to the several papers arc brief but 
sufficient, and the volume is illustrated with a map and two 
facsimiles. To any one studying the first half-century of Mary- 
land's history it is simply indispensable. 

Wm. Hand Beowne. 

Referenoes to English Surnames in 1601. An index giving about 
19,650 references to surnames contained in the printed 
registers of 778 English parishes doring the first year of the 
XVII century. By F. K. & S. Hitching, 1910. Chas. A. 
Beman, Walton-on-Thames. 

Tins book is likely to be specially useful for American geneal- 
ogy. Formerly American families were content to trace back to 
the immigrant ancestor, but this has long ceased to be the case, 
and now tlie genealogist must endeavor to follow the line back 
into the mother country. Occasionally it happens that family 
memoranda or the American Colonial records furnish data suffi- 
cient to establish the pedigree of the early immigrant, but iu the 
vast majority of cases no such information is available, and not 
many years since it was almost an axiom that the line broke off 
on the shore of the Atlantic. At the present day the situation is 
somewhat better. Within recent years the researches of Col. 
Chester, Henry F. Waters, and others have developed new sources 
of information in the English records, particularly in the wills 
where mention is sometimes made of relatives of the testators 
living in America. Here, however, there is a certain difficulty, 
for unless the place of residence of the family can be more or less 
definitely fixed, it is not easy to determine in which of the many 
local registers search should be made. It is just here that the 
book under discussion is likely to afford valuable aid. It is a 
consolidated index of all the surnames occurring in the published 



parish registers, 778 in number, from all parts of England, and, 
as particular surnames cling to particular localities, a reference to 
the book will often at once locate the family for which search is 
being made. A foothold once gained, the rest is comparatively 
easy. The present volume deals with the year 1601, and the 
compilers intend to continue the work imtil at least thirty years 
are covered. The book is conveniently arranged, and attractively 
printed. It is published by Chas. A. Beruan, Avhose useful 
contribution to genealogy are well known. 


"A Brief History of the Colony of New Sweden" forms part of 
Vol. 18 of the Proceedings of the Fennsyhania- German Somety. 

The first instalment of F. Hopkinson Smith's new story " Ken- 
nedy Square," the scene of which is laid in Baltimore, is b^un in 
Scribners' for November. 

Among the Virginia Legislative Papers published in the October 
number of the Virginia 3fagazine of History and Biography is a 
letter from John Hanson to the President of the Council of Safety 
of Virginia in regard to the case of Major John Connolly. 

The Library World for September contains a list of American 
newspapers in the British Museum. The list is limited to the 
cities of New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore, covering 
the years 1801 to 1836. 

The current volume of the Neio England Historical and 
Genealogical Register contains an unusual number of interesting 
Marjdand items. In llie lists of emigrants to America during 
1774-75 are included the names of many passengers carried to 
Maryland in the following ships : " Baltimore," " Elizabeth," 
"Hope," "Nancy," "Neptune," "P^gy Stewart," "Eebecca," 



"Restoration," "Russa Merchant," "Sally," "Sampson," "Sirus," 
"Sophia" and "Wren." In addition to these are otier lists of 
passengers for Maryland or Virginia. 

Mr. E. Clayton Wyand has recently published a work entitled 
"A brief history of Andrew Putman, Christian Wyandt and Adam 
Snyder of Washington County, Md." 

In the American Historical Review for October, Dr. Charles M. 
Andrews reviews vol. ii of the " Acts of the Privy Council of 
England, Colonial Series " ; at page 208 of the same issue is a 
note in regard to the earliest publication of the " Star Spangled 
Banner"; and at page 210 is a notice of the "Great Secession 
Winter, 1860-1861," which " gives a novel picture of Maryland 
politics at the time." 

The Bureau of the Census has recently issued in a volume of 

670 pages, the second part of its Special Report on Religions 
Bodies. This contains the history, description and statistics of 
the separate denominations and is a veritable cyclopaedia of 
information in regard to the two hundred denominations therein 

Mr. Tunstall Smith of this city has published "A Memoir of 
Richard Snowden Andrews, Lieut.-Colonel commanding the First 
Maryland Artillery, C. S. A." 

"The Neglected period of Anti-Slavery in America (1808- 
1831)," by Alice Dana Adams, is a valuable contribution to the 
literature of slavery. The period covered is exhaustively treated 
and there appear a surprisingly large number of references to 
Anti-slavery societies and individnals in Maryland. The appen- 
dix contains a comprehensive bibliography of sources. 

" The Stone House at Gowanus," notable for the part it played 
in the battle of Long Island, is described in a work with the 
above title, by Georgia Eraser. Published bv Witter and Kint- 
ner, N. Y. 



" Colonial Families of the United States of America " by Mr. 
George Norbury Mackenzie, has been presented to the Society by 
the author. This sumptuous volume has' been most favorably 
reviewed in gcnesdogical and other critical publications. 

The Society has received as a gift from the author, Mr. Josiah 
Granville Leach, "Some account of Capt. John Frazier and his 
descendants, with notes on the West and Checkley families." 
Privately printed, 1910. This volume contains estensive notices 
concerning the Stewart family of Baltimore, among whose 
distinguished representatives were the late David and C. Morton 

Supplementing the list of vessels arriving in the Province of 
Maryland between 1634 and 1679 (printed on page 339 of this 
issue), an examination of the Proceedings of die Council for the 
period covered (Archives, vols. 3 and 5) discloses the following 
named vessels : 

Ann and Joice (of Bristol), Capt. Wm. Trigo, - - 1671 

Charity (of London), Capt. John Bosworth, - - 1654 

Deborah, 1637 

Expedition (of New England), Capt. Henry Hudson, 1662 

George (of Bantry), Capt. Jacob Van Slodt, - - 1658 

Greene Poppingay, ------ 1649 

John (of Weymouth), ------ 1671 

John Adventure (of New England), Capt. Richard Thurston, 1651 

John and Margaret (of Bristol), - - - - 1671 

Maid of Gaunt, ------- 1654 

Mayflower (of London), Capt. Thomas Webber, - 1654 

Patience (of Bristol), Capt. William Trigo, - - 1671 

St. George (of Graft), 1659 

St. Margaret, 1637 

St. Nicholas, Capt. James Neale, _ - - - 1638 

St. Thomas, ------- 1637 

Sarah and Elizabeth, Capt. Wm. Harris, - - 1671 

William (of Dover), Capt. Edward Maynard, - - 1670 




Meeting of October 10th, 1910. — Stated meeting of the Society, 
President Cohen in the chair and twenty-five members present. 
In the absence of the Eecording Secretary, Mr. Edward Stabler, 
Jr., was appointed Secretary pro tern. 

Mr. J. Henry Baker and Miss Emma E. Johnstone were 
elected active members. 

The following necrology since the last meeting was announced : 

John Austin Stevens, a corresponding member. 

E. Francis Riggs, an associate member. 

Richard D. Fisher, an active member. 

Charles K. Oliver, an active member. 

Isaac H. Dixon, an active member. 

Miss Elizabeth Manigault Morris, an active member. 

The President referred briefly to the death of Mr. John 
Stevens of New York City and Newport, R. I., who had been a 
contributor of papers to the Society. In regard to the death of 
Mr. Richard D. Fisher he spoke feelingly as follows : 

" This announcement brings /to us a realization of the great 
loss we have sustained in the removal from the activities of the 
Society of one of its most interested and useful members. 

" Mr. Fisher's connection with the Society extended over more 
than forty years aud his active interest in its pursuits was main- 
tained to the last. 

" For myself I can say that I shall greatly miss the benefit of 
his wise counsel aud the cooperation and support he was always 
on occasion so ready to render. 

" It seems eminently fitting that a suitable record of our appre- 
ciation of his services should be entered on our minutes and the 
chair would suggest the appointment of a Committee to prepare 



such a minute, to be presented at the November meeting of the 

Upon motion of Mr. VV. Hall Harris it was voted that the 

President appoint a Committee of three members to prepare and 
submit to the Society's next meeting a minute suitably expressive 
of the loss the Society has sustained in the death of our friend 
and co-worker Mr. Fisher, 

The paper for the evening " Queen Anne's County — First 
Free School," was then read by Mr. Edwin H. Brown, its author, 
which concluded the proceedings. 

Meeting of November lAth, 1910. — Stated meeting of the Society, 
President Coheu in the chair and twenty-four members present. 
The following persons were elected to active membership ; Mr. 
L. Wcthcred Barroll, Mr. Francis B. Culver, Mr. Walter G. 
O'Dell, Sr., Mrs. John Barry, Miss Ella V. Ricker. Dr. Albert 
L. Wilkinson and Mrs. Anna Latimer Phillips to associate 

The Committee appointed at the October meeting to prepare a 
minute upon the death of the late Richard D. Fisher reported 
through its Chairman, Mr. W. Hall Harris, as follows : 

"Richard Douglas Fisher was bom in Baltimore on March 
16th, 1834, and died at Clifton Springs, New York, on August 
13th, 1910. 

"Mr. Fisher had been in active business until a few years 
before his death, and becoming an active member of the Society in 
1866, he brought to it, even during his busier years, the assistance 
of his business training and experience, while with greater leisure he 
had for some years past given to it increasing thought and interest, 
adding to its historical archives matter of the rarest value, secured 
by him both in this country and abroad, with much personal 
labor and at no inconsiderable cost, and contributiug, as a member 
of its Council, the aid which his mercantile education peculiarly 
fitted him to furnish. 

" The many and valuable contributions, — continued to the last 



meeting of the Society befoi-e his death, — for which the Society is 
so greatly indebted to Mr. Fisher, comprised maps, naanuscripts, 
prints, copies of records obtained at home and abroad, journals 
of the privateers and letters-of-marque Lmarence, Pelican, 
Decatur, Osprey, the Edson correspondence, the " Good Intent " 
papers, the Boucher papers, the Index of Uncaleudared Mary- 
land Papers in the British Treasury and many others, but no 
enumeration may be made of the far more valuable contributions 
of sound judgment, wise counsel, kindly advice and thoughtful 
suggestion for which the Society, — and more especially its 
Council, record this inadequate expression of sincere appreciation. 

" Of strong convictions, of unswerving loyalty, of unimpeach- 
able rectitude, he was yet considerate of those whose views did 
not coincide witli his own and of so graceful speech and courteous 
demeanor as to disarm opposition and transform difference into 

"In sorrowful recognition of the great loss which it has 
sustained iu the death of Mr. Fisher this Society places upon its 
records this expression of its admiration and appreciation of one 
who throughout a long and well-spent life has ever shone as a 
merchant of unsullied honor, a friend of unwavering fidelity, a 
gentleman of unbounded courtesy, a man of unlimited kindness, — 
who walked uprightly among his fellow men and humbly before 
his God. 

W. Hall Hakris, Chairman. 
Clayton C. Hall, 


It was ordered that the report be spread upon the minutes and 
that a copy thereof be transmitted to the family of the late Mr. 

The necrology since the October meeting was announced by 
the Recording Secretary as follows : 

On October 11th, Henry Fen wick Thompson. 
" " 27th, John C. Moore. 

> ^ — 

" November 9th, Dr. A. Marshall Elliott. 



The President spoke of the loss to the Society of so many 
valuable members. Continuing he remarked : 

"Especially are we bereaved by the death on October 11th of 
Mr. Henry F. Thompson, a Vice-President of the Society, who 
for nigh forty years was actively connected with its affairs. 

"A gentleman of cultivated taste, he devoted much of his 
leisure to historical research, and of late years could be found 
almost daily in our Council room occupied with studies which 
frequently resulted in a contribution to the pages of our Magazine 
and occasionally in a more elaborate paper read before the Society. 

" Here his very presence added dignity to our rooms, whilst 
his fund of information, treasured in an acute memory was always 
at the service of a proper enquirer and with a degree of courtesy 
and affability which was unfailing. 

" We shall all miss him greatly — ^none more so than myself." 

The President called on Mr, Andrew C. Trippe whose regard 
for our late member had led him to prepare a minute for the 
occasion, who responded as follows : 

''Henry Fen wick Thompson was born on the 15th day of 
January, 1830, and died on the 11th day of October, 1910, aged 
80 years and nine months. 

" He was the eldest sou of Henry Anthony Thompson and 
Julie Kilina de Macklot. 

"His father was a mau of large physique and military bearing, 
having been a Captain in the army, and resigning was President 
of the Bank of Baltimore for many years. 

" From his father he inherited a strong sense of duty and that 
strong constitution which gave him so long a life, and from his 
mother it may well be said there came that geniality of disposi- 
tion and courtesy of manner which characterized his intercourse 
with his fellows. 

"Early in life he developed a fondness for travel and at 
eighteen years of age he made a voyage to Rio Janeiro. During 
the strenuous days in the early settlement of California (1854) 



he went to San Francisco and was with the Santa Clara Mining 
Company for three years. 

"On his return home (1857) he read law in the office of the 
late Robert J. Brent, and in 1865 was married to Margaret 
Sprigg Oliver. 

"His first visit to Europe was made in 1868, whence he 
returned in 1871, having traveled leisurely in Great Britain and 
the principal cities of the Continent, which he revisited in 1892. 
In this year he was elected a Trustee of the Peabody Institute. 

"On the 13th day of February, 1888, he became a member of 
this Society upon the nomination of Mr. John G. Gatchell and at 
once took an active interest in its affairs. 

"On February 11 th, 1895, lie was elected librarian and con- 
tinued in that office until October 10th, 1898, and then resigned 
and went to Europe remaining there until the spring of 1903 
with the exception of two months in which he made a brief visit 

" He was elected a Vice-President of this Society on February 
10th, 1 906, and re-elected in each succeeding year. 

"Mr. Thompson was a diligent and intelligent student of 
Maryland history and during his last two visits to London made 
extensive researches relative thereto in the Public Record Office\ 
The result of his labors were in part the many interesting, 
instructive and valuable papers he read at our Monthly Meetings 
and which have been published in our Magazine. Mr. Thompson 
also made valuable contributions to the Cabinet. 

"His was a busy and fruitful life extended through a vigorous 
old age. And now permit me to add a word of kindly remem- 
brance. Mr. Thompson was a gentleman in the strictest sense of 
the word. Courteous to all, kindly in manner, faithful in duty, 
patriotic in spirit, he was a type of man worthy of admiration 
and by those of us who were associates with him in this place his 
departure is keenly felt." 

It was moved and ordered that the minute just read be spread 
on the minutes of the Society and that a copy of same be trans- 
mitted to the family of the late Mr. Thompson. 



The address of the evening entitled, " Notes on a Colonial 
Free School in Anne Arundel County, with side lights on the 
early education of Johns Hopkins," was then read by its author, 
Mr. Daniel E. Randall. 

At its conclusion the Society adjourned. 


Members of the society are requested to solicit contributions of 

books, maps, portraits and manuscripts of historical value or import- 
ance, particularly such as may throw light upon the political, social 
or religious life of the people of Maryland. 

The Society will become the custodian of such articles of the above 
character as the possessors may care to deposit should they be unwill- 
ing to give them, and -will preserve them in the fire-proof vault. 

Any book or pamphlet written by a native or resident of Maryland 
or in any way relating to Maryland, will be gratefully accepted and 


The Maryland Historical Magazine, which is issued quarterly by 
the Maryland Historical Society, will accept for publication a limited 
number of advertisements of a suitable character. 

The special attention of Schools, Colleges and Booksellers is called 
to this high class medium. 

Those who have for sale old and rare books, pamphlets, etc., will 
find it of advantage to avail themselves of our pages. 


(Names of Authors, titles of Contributed Papers and Original Documents 
in small capitals.) 

Abraham and Isaac (ship), 339. 
Abrams, Richard, 59. 
"Acadie," La., 198. 
Actors in Baltimore, 113. 
Adams, Alice Dana, " Neglected 
period of Anti-Slavery in 
America," (note), 391. 
Adams, Henry, 167. 
Adgate, Elias, 273. 
Adventure (ship), 39. 
Agreement (ship), 339. 
Aisquith, Capt. Edward, 341, 342. 
Albers, Jacob, 106. 
Alexander, Arthur, Sr., 60. 

Dr. Ashton, 112. 

John, 59, 

Julian J., 203. 

Mark, 58. 
Allen, John, 273. 
Alfhabeticai, becoed of the 


viNCE OP Maryland from 1634- 
1679, by Mrs. G. W. Hodges, 

Althem (Altome), John, 169, 267. 
American Historical JZevtew, eited 

American Newspapers in British 

Museum, (note), 390. 
Ames, Joseph S., elected, 75. 
Ancient Churchyards of Balti- 
more, (note), 201. 
Ancocas Perry, 206. 
Anderson, Daniel, 273. 

John, 222, 273. 

Michael, 220. 

Capt. Richard, 221. 
Andrews, Chas. M., (note), 300. 

Angell, Col. Israel, 216. 
Ann and Joice, (ship), 392. 
Annapolis, 354. 
Annapolis, description, 233. 
Annemours, C. F. A. Le P. d', 38. 
Archer, Mrs. Ira F., elected, 204. 
Arendt, iaron d', 206, 223, 225. 
Ark, (ship), 61, 339. 
Armesby, John, 372, 
Armistead, Major George, 348, 

Army of the Potomac, 302. 
Aruel, Valentine, 253. 
Arnold, Alicia, 196. 

James, 221. 
Arundel, Anne, lady, 246. 

Clare, 246. 

Prances, 246. 

Margaret, 246. 

William, 248, 249. 
Arundel, (of Wardour), Thomas, 

lord, 245. 
Arvin, William, 273. 
Asateague Indians, 354. 
Ashcom, Charles, 194. 
Ashley Hill, 334, 335. 
Ashley river, 330, 333. 
Ashmore, William, 169, 267, 268. 
Aaiter, William, land graat, 170. 

Askue, John, 168. 
Atkinson, Charles, 273. 

Isaae, charged with 
treason, 154. 
Athmtio Souvenir, J. H. B. La- 

trobe's contribution to, 375. 
Avery, John to Thomas Johnson, 




Aylett, Col., 178. 
Ayres, George, deposition of, 154, 

Littleton, deposition of, 
154, 163. 

Bachelor's Delight, 383. 
Bader, Capt. Dominic, 341. 
Bailey, John, 273. 
Baker, Andrew, 168. 

Col. Edward D., 301, 305, 
306, 307. 

Henry, 372. 

J. Henry, elected, 393. 

Jeremiah, 59. 

Mary, 200. 

Nathaniel, 273. 

Thomas, 168. 
Ball, H. Houston, 200. 
Ball's Bluff, battle of, 302, 306, 

307, 317. 
Balloon, Pennington's Steam, 134. 
Baltimore, Barons, English seat 
of, 71. 

Baltimore contra Orchard, 73. 
Baltimore, Anne Arundel, lady, 

Baltimore, Oecilius Calvert, 2d 

baron, 245. 
Baltimore, Charles Calvert, 3d 

haron, 351. 
Baltimore, Charles Calvert, 5th 

laron, 352, 353. 
Baltimore, Frederick Calvert, 6th 

iaron, 249. 
Baltimore, Mary, lady, 299. 
Baltimore, (ship), 339, 390. 
Baltimore and Ohio Bailroad 

Depot, 119. 
Baltimore City, Eecollections of, 

by John H. Naff, 104. 
Baltimore women, Beauty of, 231. 
Baltzell, Josephine, 198. 
Bankhead, John, 60. 
Banks, Genl. Nathaniel Prentiss, 

303, 311. 

Barber, John Robinson, 263. 

Barker, Thomas, 273. 

Barnes, George, 273. 

Barney, Maj. Wm. B. from Gov. 

Bowie, 249. 
Barnum's Hotel, 117. 
Barr, Capt. Jacob M., 304. 
Barrackman, John, 273. 
Barrett, Andrew, 60. 

Samuel, 263, 269. 
Thomas, 273. 
Barrier, George, 273. 
Barrol, L. Wethered, elected, 394. 
Barry, Mrs. John, 394. 
Barry, Robert, 114. 
Barton, Margaret, 382. 

William, jr. 382. 
Capt. William, 382. 
Barton's Woodyard, 382. 
Bass, Dennis, 219. 
llatchlor, (ship), 339. 
Bates, Genl. William, 349. 
Battam, John, 174. 
Battij! of Bladeksburo, 341. 
Baughman, F. M., to Gov. P. P. 

Thomas, 380. 
Baxter, Col. De Witt Clinton, 302. 

Roger, 168. 
Baxter's Zouaves, 317. 
Baylor, Col. George, 331, 332, 335. 
Beall, Capt. Alexander, 273. 

Edward, 273. 

Capt. Joshua, 273. 

Lieut. Levin, 273. 

Maj. Wm. Dent, 218, 220, 
331, 332. 

Lieut. Rezin, 273. 
Beane, Ralph, 270. 
Beard, James, 273. 
Beaufort, S. C, 332. 

Beckham, , 108. 

Beestland, Ann, 293. 

Henry, 293. 
Bellamy, Henry, land grant, 373. 
Benam, Anam, 166, 268. 
Benfield, Samuel, 273. 


Benner, (ship), 261. 

Bennet, John, 273. 

Benyan, Parslow, 274. 

Berdan'a sharpshooters, 315. 

Berrien, John McP., 23, 24, 25. 

Berry, Edward, 265. 

Berwick, Richard, land grant, 168. 

Bettam, John Smith, 268. 

Biays, Col. James from Gov. 

Bowie, 250. 
Bibbins, Arthur B., elected, 203. 
Bicknell, Jesse R., elected, 204. 
Biddle, Nicholas from R. B. Taney, 


Billingaport, N. J., 209. 
Binford, Charles, 274. 
Bird, Benjamin, 274. 

Capt. Richard, 337. 
Birkett, Capt. Christopher, 339. 

Margaret, 384. 
Birkhead, Alice, 297. 

Martin, 297. 
Bishop, Henry, 169, 267, 268, 274. 

Thomas, 274. 
Bixby, Wm. K., 74. 
Bla«k, John, 274. 
Blackburn, John, 60. 
Blackmear, Capt. (probably Black- 
well, 214. 
Blackwell, Capt. Thomas, 218, 221. 
Bladen Family by OhristopJier 

Johnston, 297. 
Bladen, Anne, (Van Swearingea), 

Barbara, 299. 

Barbara (Janssen), 299. 

Catherine, 298. 

Elizabeth, 298. 

Elizabeth (Lacy), 297. 

Frances, 298. 

Frances Foche, 298. 

Harriot, 299. 

Isabella, 298. 

Isabella (Fairfax), 297, 

Jane (Loftus), 298. 
John, 297. 

Bladen, Martin, 297, 298. 

Mary (Gibbs), 298. 
Nathaniel, 297. 
Robert, 297. 
Sarah (Blayney), 297. 
Col. Thomas, 253, 299. 
Rev. Thomas, 297. 
William, 298. 
William, dedication to, 

Bladensburg, Battle of, 341. 
Blaine, Col. Ephraim, 182. 
Blake, Philip, 274. 
Bland, Theoderick, 192. 
BlayHey, Edward, baron, 297. 
Henrj', baron, 297. 
Richard, baron, 297. 
Sarah, 297. 
Blois, John, 274. 
Boarman, Mary, 195. 

Maj. William, 195. 
Bodige, Benjamin, 274. 
Boehme, Rev. Charles, 105. 
Boehme's church, 105. 
BoMBAUGH, Chables, Extracts 
from a journal kept during the 
earlier campaigns of the Army 
of the Potomac, 301. 
BojJD, Beverlkt W., Jr., The 

Quit Rent in Maryland, 350. 
Bond, Cecilia (Brown) Key, 196. 
James A. C, 203. 
Thomas E., elected, 203. 
Dr. Thomas, 203. 
Major Thomas, 196. 
Bonner, William, 340. 
Bool, H. W., 114. 
Boreman, Richard, 367. 
Borland, John, 115. 
BosweTl, Edward, 274. 
Bosworth, Capt. John, 392. 
Boucher, Jonathan, note, 75. 
Bounty for Colonial clergy, 289. 
Bourbonnais regiment, 229. 
Bowwi, Eleanor (Wilmot), 333, 

Ruth (Wilmot), 333. 



Bowie, Robert to Col. James 
Biays, 250. 
Robert to Maj. Wm. B. 

Barney 249. 
Walter, 243. 
Bowman, Jacob, 72. 
Boyoe, Major, 211. 
Eoyd, rrancis, 59. 
Braddoek's sash, 73. 
Bradford, J. Strieker, 341. 

William, 133. 
Bradnock, Thomas, 262. 
Brady, Capt., 133. 
Brainthwait, Capt. William, 262, 

Branch Tabernacle, 107. 
Brasington, Robert, 269. 
Bray, Thomas (note), 300. 
Breechin, Rev. James, 291. 
Brent, Fulke, 167. 

Giles, arrival of, 167. 

Giles, land grant, 265, 269, 

Margaret, arrival of, 167. 
Margaret, land grant, 173, 

263, 382. 
G«nl. Joseph L., 204. 
Mary, arrival of, 167. 
Mary, land grant, 173, 

Robert F., 204. 
Breton (Brittaine, Brittain's) 

Bay, 262, 369, 370. 
Brewer, Ann, 293. 

Hubbard, will, 293. 
Sarah, 293. 
Briant (Bryant), John 169, 267, 

Brice, Capt. Jacob, 222. 
Bridges, Mrs. Friscilla N., elected, 

"Brief History of the Colony of 

New Sweden" (note), 390. 
BrightweU, John, 274. 
Brinkley, James, 274. 
Brinsden, John, 293. 

British gallies on the Chesapeake, 

Brittain's (Breton, Brittaine) 

Bay, 262, 369, 370. 
Britton, Mary (Nabbs), 370. 

William, 167, 271, 371. 
William, land grant, 369, 

Broadhurst, Walter, arrival of, 

Walter, land grant, 

Broadway, John, 274. 
Brock, Richard, 261. 
Brooke, Baker, 200. 

Barbara, 200 

Capt. Benjamin, 333, 337. 

Elizabeth, 68. 

Elizabeth (Twyne), 69. 

George, 68. 

John, 173. 

Mary (Baker), 200. 

Mary (Mainwaring), 200. 

Robert, 88. 

Robert (note), 200. 

Susan, 200. 

Susan (Forster), 68. 

Thomas, 68, 200. 
Brooke monument, Whitechurch, 68. 
Brooks, Capt. Benjamin, 222. 

Elizabeth, 167, 263. 

John, 107. 

Mrs. P. A. M., elected 

Broughe, William, 270, 373. 
Brown, Cecilia, 196. 

Edwin H., 394. 
George, 274. 
Dr. Gustavus, 196. 
Richard, 167, 261, 274. 
Browne, John, 245. 
Beowne, Wjxixam Hand, Review 
of Narratives of Early Mary- 
land, ed. by C. C. Hall, 386. 
Browne, William Hand, resigaed 
editorship, 103. 



Bruce, Norman, 196. 

Susanna Gardiner Key, 

Brumfield, Francis, 60. 

John, 60. 

Thomas, 161. 

William, 60. 
Brunton, Alexander, 274. 
Bryan, William. 274. 
Bryant (Briant), John, 169, 267, 

Bryden, Janws, 122. 
Bucholtz, H. E., resigned, 74. 
Buclcingham, Richard, 274. 
Buekner, Col. Mordecai, 132. 
Bumgardner, Chrisley, 274. 
Burbridge, Thomas, 295. 
Burgan, Rev. H. W., elected, 75. 
Burgesa, Joane, 167. 

Capt. John M., 220. 
Burk, John, 220. 
Burke, Francis, 222. 
Burley, James, 221. 
Burning of Chambersburg (note), 

Burning of the "Peggy Stewart," 

Burns, Robert, 274. 

Genl. William WallMse, 

Burr, Aaron, to Martin Van Bu- 

ren, 33. 

Bush Solomon, 274. 

Butler, John, 274. 

William, 221. 

Batterfield, John, 60. 

John, Jr., 60. 

Byrn, Patrick, 202. 

Caldeleugh, Robert, affidavit, 241. 

Caldwell, John B. to Flora Cald- 
well, 175. 

Calendar of Delaware Wills 
(note), 300. 

Calhoun, Lieut. James, 176. 

"California" regiment 301. 

Calvwt, see also, Baltimore. 

Calvert, Benedict (note), 352. 
Leonard, 61. 

Leonard, land grant, 262, 

Cambell, John, 59. 
Cambridge Blues, 153. 
Cameron, John, 59. 

Simon, 301, 302. 
Camp Advance, 303. 
Camp Observation, 305. 
Campbell, Archibald, 116. 
James, 60. 
Capt. James, 156. 
John A. to B. B. Tan- 
ey, 35. 
William, 274. 
Cannon, Moses, 60. 
" Capell," 382. 
Caperoon, Richard, 274. 
Capture of the Indianola, 204. 
Card, Benson, 274. 

Sabritt, 274. 
Carey, Thomas, 171. 
Carheart, Henry, 219. 
Carleton, Sir Guy, 336. 
Carlisle, Capt., 220. 
Carmical, Neal, 274. 
Carn, Balsum, 275. 
Carnoal (Carnoll), Christopher, 

169, 267. 
Carr, John, 275. 
Carrick, Joseph, 275. 
Carrigen, Hugh, 275. 
Carroll, Charles, to Gov. P. F, 
Thomas, 379. 
Charles, barrister, 243. 
Charles, of CarroUton, 

106, 202, 352. 
Charles, the elder, 70. 
Christopher, 268. 
Harry Gough, 118. 
James, 346. 
John, hishop, 106. 
Carswell, John, 59. 
Carter, Amie, 294. 
Anne, 294. 



Carter, Edward, will, 294. 

Elizabeth, 294. 
Casey, Kichard, 222. 

Genl. Silas, 321. 
Cashmire, Peter, 219. 
Cassey, Edward, 220. 
Cattier, John, 59. 

Catholic protest against double 

tax, 46. 

Catholics, petition to Gov. Sharpe, 

Cavinaugh, William, 275. 

Census Bureau's "Special Beport 

on Beligious Bodies" (note), 


Chalmer, Col., 196. 
Chaloner, Francis, 297. 

Sir Thomas, 298. 
Chaplin, Humphrey, 168. 
Charington, Thomas, 169, 267. 
Charity (ship), 392. 
Charles Town (note), 355. 
Charleston, S. C. 330. 
Charlton, Anne Phoebe Penn Dag- 
worthy, 196. 
Arthur, 196. 
Charnal, Nicholas, 276. 
Chase, Kev. Thomas, 107. 

Chatard, Dr. , 108. 

Cheeseman's creek, 313. 

Chelver, , 220. 

Chevaux de frise in Delaware 

river, 207. 
Chicacaon Indians, 354. 
Chiekahominy river, 320, 323. 
Chilton, Robert, 275. 
Choisy, M., 230. 
Choptank Indians, 354. 
Cicilius (ship), 339. 
Claiborne, Capt. William, 374. 
Claphat, George, 220. 
Clark, Ambrose, 117. 

Joseph, 189. 

Kichard, 220. 
Clarke, Hannah, 195. 

John, 117. 

Clarke, Robert, 167, 275, 372, 373. 
Clarke (Clerk), Eobert, land 
grant, 371. 
William, 293. 
Clay, Henry, to Judge Thomas 

Kell, 183. 
Clayland, Eev. John, 290. 
Clegatt, Charles, Jr., 275. 

Charles, Sr., 275. 
Clergy, Early Maryland, 289. 
Clerk, Eleanor, 173. 
Clifift, James, 275. 
Clifton, James, 263. 
Clinton, Sir Hairy, 330. 
Closen, J. C. L. F. I. baron de, 

Journal of, 29. 
Cloughton, James, 168. 
Coale, Edward I., 112. 
Cobby (Cobbie), Benjamin, 166, 


Cochran, Sgt., 220. 
Cockshott, Jane, 172, 173. 

John, land grant, 173, 

Mary, 173. 
Codd, Baltasar, land grant, 168, 

Coe, William, 275. 
Cogswell, Col. Milton, 308. 
Cohen, Mendes, remarks on death 
of R. D. Fisher, 393. 
remarks on death of H. 

F. Thompson, 396. 
address of, 87, 203. 
mentioned, 73. 
Cole, John, 275. 

Kichard, 169, 261, 267, 268. 
Samuel, 193. 
Coleman, Samuel, 221. 
Coliere, Eev., 290. 
Collation of Maryland Laws of 

1700, 185. 
Collings, William, 275. 
Collins, Jasper, 171. 

William, 219. 
Colmtire, George, 275. 



Colonial journals and acts, (note), 

Colonial parishes, 290. 

Colvill, Josepli, 275. 

Combahee river, 332. 

Comins, Edward, land grant, 374. 

Committee of Safety of Balti- 
more, 151. 

Compton, Henry, bishop of Lon- 
don, 289. 
James, 169, 174, 268. 

Conception Manor, 367. 

Coney, Rev. Peregrine 290, 291. 

Conner, Philip, 374. 

Connoly, John, 275. 

Piiilip, 275. 

Conrad's Ferry, 306. 

Cona'-ant Friendsliip, (ship), 339. 

Ctonstitution, Federal, 139. 

Contee, John, to Gov. P. F. 
Thomas, 378. 

Contreras, Spanish guns captured 
at, 379. 

Conway, Thomas, 60. 

Cooda, Crawford, 291. 

Cooke, Nathaniel 275. 

Cooper, Jonas, 60. 

Thomas, 166, 262, 268. 

Cooper's Bight, 369. 

Copley, Thomas, 167, 169, 267. 

land grant, 166, 
173, 174. 

Corban, Nicholas, 290. 

Corbett, Daniel, 59. 

Corinth, 326. 

Cornwaleys, Capt. Thomas, 167, 
270, 370. 
land grant, 261, 262, 

Cornwallis, Charles, marqiUs, 207, 

234, 330, 335. 
Cotesford, Richard, 265. 
Cothew, John, 59. 
Cottam, Edward, 169, 174, 268. 
Council of Safety, Easteni Shore 

Branch, 153. 

Court House, (Balto. City), 110. 
Courtney, William, 275. 
Coventry, Thomas, lord, 247. 
Coventry parish, Somerset Co., 

Cowper, Capt., 176. 
Cox, James, 115. 

Richard, 166, 169, 174, 268. 
Crager, Enoch, 220. 
Craig, George, 275. 
Cramer, Frederick, 72. 
Crampton, John, 275. 
Craney Neck, 373. 
Crawford, Charles, 275. 
Cray, William, 275. 
Crayford Manor, 374. 
Creswell, James, 60. 

Joseph, 275. 
Crockett, Samuel, 60. 
Cromwell, Richard, 290. 
Crookshank, William, 60. 
Croshers, William, 59. 
Crosse, George, 295. 
Crossly, Phillip, 275. 
Cbuizino otx the CsmATKiKE IS 

1781, by I. J. Greenwood, Jr., 


Cruse, Peter, 120. 
CuUamore, Thomas, 167. 
CuiiVEE, Peancis B., Last blood- 
shed of the revolution, 329. 
Culver, Francis B., elected, 394. 
Cumberland, Fort, 271. 
Cumberland landing, 318. 
Cunningham, John, 59. 
Current, James, 275. 

Mathew, 276. 
Currier, William, 60. 
Dagworthy, Capt. John, 276. 
Daingerfield, Henry, 198. 

Virginia Peyton 
(Key), 198. 
Dandie, John, 366. 
Dansey, Martha, 194. 
Darcy, Richard, 174, 268. 
Darnell, Henry, 202, 352. 



Dartmouth Merchant (ship), 339. 
Dashiell, William, deposition, 154, 

Davidson, Benjamin, 220. 

Capt. John, 220. 
Davis, Admiral Gherardi, 203. 
David, 276. 
Even, 276. 
Honical, 276. 
Davison, Thomas, 166, 169, 174, 

Day, John, 276. 

Leonard, 276. 
Dayley, Philip, 222. 
Deady, Daniel, 108. 
Dean, Samuel, 276. 
Death of Captain Whmot by 

Francis B. Culver, 329. 
Deaver, John, 116, 243. 
Deborah, (ship), 392. 
Deoka, John, 293. 
Decker, George, 105. 
Decker's church, 105. 
Defence of Fobt Mifpun, by 

General Samuel Smith, 205. 
" De La Brooke " on Patuxent, 70. 
Delabay, .John, 173. 
Delaware wills, (note), 300. 
Dennis, Jacob, 219. 

John, 276. 
Destouches, 233. 
Devens, Col. Charles, 308, 308. 
Dickson, William, 60. 
Dielman, L. H., editor, 103. 
Dillon, Father, 317. 
Dixon, Isaac H., 393. 
Dobbin, George, 110. 

Thomas, 115. 
Dobson, Capt. Henry, 220. 
Dodd, Morris, 276. 
Dodd, W. F., 185. 
Doe, Thomas, 367. 
Dogan, William, 276. 
Doritz, John Erdman, 72. 
Dorret, Garnet William, 276. 
John, 276. 

Dorsey, Capt. Eichard, 220, 333. 
Double tax on Catholics, 46. 
Dougherty, John, 106. 
Doyle, John, 276. 
Dranesville, Va., 308. 
Draper, Peter, land grant, 169, 

Duckett, John, 60. 
Dudley, Alice, lady, 246. 
Dudley, Sir Eobert, 246. 
Dugan, Cumberland, 261. 

Daniel, 222. 
Dugmore, Edward, 276. 
Duke, Basil, 276. 

Eichard, 169, 267, 268. 
Duncan, John, 276. 
Dunn, Patrick, 190. 

Thomas, 221. 
Dunstill, Charles, 276. 
Duratt, Clayburn, 221. 
Durford, Joseph 171. 

William, land grant, 171. 
Duvall, Eichard M., 395. 
Dyer, Albion M., (note), 201. 

Capt. Wm. B., 341, 342. 
Eades, Samuel, 276. 
Eage' ton, Sabriet, 276. 
Eagleston, Abram, 276. 
Barley, Francis, 276. 
Bablt Mabtland Clebot, by H. 

F. Thompson, 289. 
Easterx SitoRE Bbanch op Coun- 
cil OF Safety, 153. 
Eatry, Jacob, 276. 
Ebbs, Edward, 263. 
Eccleston, Thos. F., 160. 
Eckin, John, 169. 
Eden, Sir Robert, proposed cap- 
ture, 151. 
Edward's Ferry, 303, 308. 
Edwards, Barbara, 62. 

Edward, 62. 
Isaac 171. 
Eichard, 61. 
Eobert, 169, 267, 268. 
William, 276. 


Edwin, William, 169, 267, 268. 

Egerton, Mr. , 167. 

Eglesfield, Ann, 168. 
Elias, (ship), 339. 
Elizabeth, (ship), 390. 
jilk Ridge Landing, 342. 
Elkin, John, 267, 268. 
Elliott, Dr. A. Marshall, 395. 
Bltham, Va., 318. 
Elton, Ann, 167. 
Embargo on grain, 259. 
Emigrants from England, (note), 

Empson, WiUiam, 169, 174, 268. 
Encrease, (ship), 339. 
England, Capt. John, 340. 

George, 59. 
English Archives, Fragments frcnn, 

English seat of the Lords Balti- 
more, 71. 
Ennalls, Col. Thos. from Capt. W. 

Hughlett, 252. 
Capt. Tlioraas, 153, 156. 
Ennis, Thomas, 220. 
Enniss, Wallis, 276. 
Episode of 1645, 204. 
Essex, Harriot (Bladen), Itidy, 

Essex, William Aime, 4th mrl of 

Ethan Allen, Fort, 303. 
Etting, Reuben, 115. 

Solomon, 115. 
Eure, Mrs. Katherine, 247. 
Evans, William, 382. 
Evelin, Capt. George, 168. 
Evens, Evin, 276. 

Thomas, 276. 

William, 276. 
Evilinton Manor, 168. 
Ewing, Amos, 59. 

Moses, 59. 
Expedition (ship), 392. 

Ezeball, , 220. 

Pabee, Thomas, 276. 


Pair Oaks, Battle of, 320. 

Fairfax, Frances (Chaloner), 297. 
Isabella, 297. 
Nicholas, 269. 
Sir William, 297. 

Fairfax County, Virginia, 303. 

Falkland, Elizabeth Cary, vis- 
countess, 167. 

Fall's Church, Va., 304. 

Farmer of Rents, 359. 

Farrell, Thomas, 276. 

Faulkener, John, 276. 

Feild, Abraham, 295. 

Fell, John, 277. 

Fellows, Capt. Samuel, 220. 

Fenwick, Cuthbert, vs. Mrs. Mar- 
garet Brent, 382. 

Fermor, Richard, 261. 

Ferry, John, 290. 

Fielding, John, 277. 

Fif-lding, Sir John, signature, 241, 

Fields, Henry, 277. 

Mathew, 277. 
Findly, Patrick, 277. 
Finley, John, 59. 

Robert, 59. 
Fire Zouaves, 302. 
First Md. Cavalry, (note), 201. 
Pishbourne, Philip, 72. 
Fisher, Richard D., 204, 235. 

memorial minute to, 394. 
note, 245. 

presents Boucher papers, 

president Cohen's remarks 
on death of, 393. 
Fitzgerald, John, 277. 

Morriss, 277. 
Fitzhugh, William, 127. 
Fitzpatrick, Thomas, 277. 
Pitzwater, Levin, 277. 
Plannegan, Richard, 277. 
Fleet, Henry, land grant, 169. 
Pleury, Lt.-Col. L. F. de, 218, 227. 
Flower, John Sebastian, elected, 74. 



Floyd, James, 277. 
Foche, Frances, 298. 
Fog, Mary, 297. 

Foncier, Col. John to James 

McHenry, 182. 
Forbes, George, resigned, 74. 
Ford, Capt. Benjamin, 222. 
Edward, 277. 
Joseph, 277. 
Forman, Genl. David, 225. 

Genl. Thos. M., 349. 
Forster, Susan, 68. 

Sir Thomas, 68. 
Fort Cumberland 271. 
Fort Ethan Allen, 303. 
Fort Frederick, 271. 
Fort Lafayette, 309. 
Fort McHenry, 182. 
FoBT McIIeney in 1795, 291. 
Fort Mifflin, Defence of, 205. 
Forieacue, Margaret Armidel, 

lady, 246. 
Fortre^ Monroe, 303, 311. 
Foster, Adam, 277. 

Benjamin, 59. 
Ralph, 294. 
Fountain Inn, 122. 
Fox, Conrad, 72. 

Samuel, 293. 
France, Mrs. F. J., elected, 75. 
Francis, Joseph, 277. 
Francis and Mary (ship), 339. 
Franklin, Thomas, 167. 
Franklin's division, 317. 
Frazer, Gfeorgia, " The Stone house 

at Gowanus" (note), 301. 
Frazier, Peter, 277. 
Frederick, Fort, 271. 
Freeman, Aaron, 277. 

Benjamin, 277. 
Esias, 277. 
James, 294. 
Mary 293. 
Nathaniel, 277. 
Richard, 277. 
Samuel, 277. 
Thomas, 277, 293. 

Freman, Morris, 261. 
Fremond Lewis, 169, 267, 268. 
French pirate in the Chesapeake, 

French Town, 120. 
Irench troops in Maryland, 1782, 

Fresh Creek, 372. 
Fridd, John, 262. 
Friendship (ship), 339. 
Frog Marsh, 373. 
Fryer William, 277. 
Fullford, Humphrey, 265. 
Fulton, David, 122. 
Furston (Fursdon) Thomas, 166, 

Galbraith, William, 296. 
Gallies offered to Virginia, 180. 

Games, Francis, 277. 
Gardiner, John, 195. 

Luke, 169. 

Mary Boarman, 195. 
Susanna, 195. 
Gardner, Francis, 111. 
Garnett, Luke, 166, 174, 268. 

Richard, land grant, 166, 

Richard, Jr., 166. 
Garrett, John, 277. 

Richard, 277. 
Gartz, Charles, 120. 
Garvis, John, 190. 
Gates, Genl. Horatio, 234, 330. 
Gay, John, land grant, 174. 

Samuel, 59. 
Geary, Col. John White, 303. 
Gelstrap, William, 278. 
Genater, John, 277. 
General Massena (schooner), 176. 
George, (ship), 392. 
Geobge Peabodt and His See- 
vices TO THE State, 326. 
Gterman Lutheran Church, (Balti- 
more), 112. 
German Settlers, 355. 
Gferrard, John, 367. 

Richard, 267. 


G«rrard, Thomas, 168 373. 

land grant, 269, 367. 
Gibbons, Oliver, 367, 373. 
Gihbs, Abraham, committed, 153. 

discharged, 156. 
Mary, 298. 
Gibson, William, 59. 
Gilbert, Lt. Michael, 131. 
Gill, Ruthy, 338. 
Gillison, Capt., 221. 
Gilmore, Robert, 108. 

William, 108. 
Gilmour, William, 189, 191. 
Gilson, Capt. John, 340. 
Gist, Genl. Mordeoai, 151, 243, 255, 

330, 332, 333, 334, 335. 
Glasgone, William, 59. 
Glazier, Frederick, 278. 
Glibra, John, 278. 
Globe (ship), 339. 
Gloire (frigate), 230. 
Goddard, Mrs., 118. 
GonyBEY, W^AiXACE, by Edward 

Stabler, Jr., 375. 
Godlad, Capt. William, 340. 
Godson, James, 278. 
Godwin, Devereux, 265. 
Golden Fortune (ship), 340. 
Golden Lyon (ship), 340. 
Golden Wheat Sheaf (ship), 340. 
Colder, George, 348. 
Goldsborough, Capt. Greenhnry, 


Goodrick, Mary Hungerford, 383. 

William, 383. 
Goodwin, , 167. 

Mathew, 278. 
Goose Creek, 308. 
Gorges, Edward, lord, 246. 
Gorman, John, 278. 

Genl. Willis A., 308. 
Gorrell, James, 278. 
Cough, Harry, 117, 118. 
Gourd, Roger, 245. 
Goutie, Joseph, 202. 
Gowland, Capt. Robert, 340. 


Grafton Church, 314. 
Graham, William, 295. 
Grahame, Robert, 278. 
Graven, John, 221. 
Graves, James, 278. 

William B., elected, 74. 
Gray, Stephen, 167, 261. 
Great Bethel, 311. 
Grehle, Col. John Trout, 312. 
Green, Lt. Col. John, 216. 
John, 316. 
Sandford, 293. 
Thomas, 264. 

land grant, 166, 268. 
Green's Point, 172, 368. 
Greene, Col. Christopher, 215, 224. 

Genl. Nathaniel, 330, 335. 
Greene Poppingay (ship), 392. 
Greenway, William H., 203. 
Gbbenwood, Isaac J. Jr., Cruiz- 
ing on the Chesapeake in 1781, 

Greenwood, John, 123. 
Grey, James, 278. 

Sabriet, 278. 
Griffee, Richard, 59. 

William, 59. 
Griflfen, Benjamin, 278. 
Griffith, Colville, 385. 

Hannah, 202. 

Joseph, 202. 

Julia R. (Hungerford), 

Robert, 202. 

Capt. Samuel, 222. 

Thomas W., 191. 
Grigston, Thomas, 169, 267, 268. 
Grimes, Hugh, 278. 
Groome, Capt. Samuel, 341. 

Capt. Samuel, Jr., 339. 
Grundy, Greo. Burr, 345. 
Guesst, Elizabeth, 167, 263. 
Guilford, lord, 351, 352. 
Guither, Nicholas, 261. 
GuUey, John, 222. 
Gunby, Capt., 157. 



Gunby, Col. John, 331. 
Gundy, Robert, 278. 
Gutridge, James, 278. 
Guy, John, land grant, 174. 
Gwin, James, 222. 

John E., 122. 
Gwinn, Ann, 383. 

Elizabeth, 383. 

John, 383. 

Violetta, 385. 
Hack, John, 278. 
Hacker, Michael, 173. 
Hall, B. W., 345. 

Hall, Clayton Colman, ed. Narra- 
tives of Ear'y Maryland. 
Eeview. 386. 
mentioned, 395. 
John, 59, 235, 242. 
Col. Josias C, 205, 333. 
William, 171. 
Hallam, IjcwIs, 113. 

Haller, 221. 

Hallowes, John, 261. 
Hamilton, James, 278. 

John, 278. 
Patt., 60. 
William, 278. 
Hammond, Frances (Bladen), 298. 

Mathias, 240, 242, 243. 

Rebecca, 195. 

Rezin oi Philip, 240, 

William, 298. 
Hampstead Hill, 349. 
Hampton, Va., 311. 
Haniford, Eichard, 171. 
Harbaugh, Leonard, 110. 
Harbin, Anthony, 278. 
Hardie, Thomas, 173. 
Hardiker, Richard, 278. 

Hargrove, , 191, 192. 

Harington, Thomas, 268. 
Harper, Francis, 202. 
Joseph, 202. 

Robert Goodloe, mo- 
tioned, 375. 

Harper's Ferry, 303, 311, 
Harrington, William, 262. 
Harris, David, 115. 

Col. David to Governor, 

John, land grant, 371, 372. 
Richard, 370. 
Capt. Robert, 220. 
W. Hall, 394, 395. 
Capt. William, 392. 

Harrison, Burr, 

Robert, 157. 
Harrison's Island, 306. 
Harriss, Joseph, 278. 

Michael, 278. 
Hart, Capt. John, 352. 
Hartshorn, Jonathan, 59. 

Thomas, 59. 
Harvey, Nicholas, 267, 268. 
Harwood, John, 278. 

Richard, 278. 
Samuel, 278. 
Thomas, 278. 
Capt. Thomas, 222, 341. 
Haskins, Green, 291. 
Hasson, James, 60. 
Hasty, Peter, 278. 
Hatch (Hatche), John, 168. 
Havens, Farewell, 279. 
Havers, Susan (Brooke), 200. 

William, 200. 
Hawke, Edward, 298. 

Edward, 1st. harm, 298. 
Elizabeth (Bladen), 298. 
Hawkins, Capt., 221. 

Edward, 279. 
Hawley, Jerome, 167. 
Hawn, Capt., 221. 
Hay, Arthur, land grant, 174. 
Hayes, John, 290. 
Hayne, Thomas, 293. 
Hays, Charles, 279. 
Hayton, Charles, 220. 
Hayward, William, 153. 
Hazard, Michael, 279. 
HftBMtrd, Capt., 218. 


HMKlwood, Com. John, 207, 217, 

Head of Elk, 178. 
Heath, Major Richard K., 343. 
Thomas, 169, 267, 268. 

Hebden, Thomaa, 168. 
Hedger, Robert, 166, 169, 174, 

Hegon, James, 59. 
Heinzman, Henry, 279. 
Heldern, John, 261. 
Henderson, Daniel, 279. 

William, 279. 
Hendley, John, 279. 
Henney, Barney, 222. 
Henry, John, 113. 

Patrick to Thomas John- 
son, 178, 255. 
Capt. William 217, 222. 
Heron Island, 369, 370. 
Herring Creek, 262, 271. 
Hervey, Nicholas, 169. 
Hesser, John Henry, 220. 
Hewett, Rev. John, 291. 
Hewman, Benjamin, 279. 
Heyward, Peter, 269. 
Hickman, William, 159. 
Hierom's creek, 381. 
Higgs, John, 279. 
Hill, George, 117. 

Henry, 279. 

James, 279. 

John, 168, 169, 267, 268. 
Jonathan, 279. 
Silvester, 279. 
Hillen, David, 279. 
Jacob, 279. 
John, 279. 
Thomas, 279. 
Hillierd, John, 169, 270. 
Hills, Richard, 263. 
Hindman, Capt. Edward, 222. 

William, 153. 
Hitchman, William, 59. 
Hite, Capt. Matthias, 219. 
Hoare, John, 295. 

Hobgood, Frances, 295. 
Hobson, Thomas, 279. 
Hockly, James, 368. 
Hodges, Benjamin 267, 268. 
HoDOES, Mbs. G. W., Arrival of 

ships in Iklaryland, 1634-1679, 


Ho^es, John, 279. 

Thomas, 169. 
Hodgins, Robert, 279. 
Hoffman, Emily Louise (Key), 
Peter, 117. 

Dr. Philip Rogers, 197. 
Samuel V., elected, 75. 
Hog Pen Neck, 374. 
Holland, Capt. Francis, 222. 
HoUingsworth, Lieut. Jacob, 345. 

Zebulon, 117. 
Hollis, John, 169. 
Hollyday, James, 153. 
Holt, Pliilip, 279. 
Hooke farm, 247. 
Hooper, Alcaeus, resigned, 75. 

Henry, 153, 174, 268. 
Hope, Henry, 279. 
Hope (ship), 390. 
Hopewell, Capt. William, 160. 
Hopewell (ship), 340. 
Hopkins, Capt. Samuel, 219. 
Horner, James, 279. 
Horton, Capt. James, 250. 
Horwitz, Florence Gross, 198. 
Ilorwood, John, 267, 268. 
Howard, Dr. Ephraim, 243. 

Hugh, 168. 

John, 343. 

J. E., Jr., to Capt. 

Thompson, 345. 

Col. John E., 331, 334. 

McHenry, 198. 

Genl. Oliver Otis, 322. 

Rebecca Ann (Key), 197. 

Dr. William, 197. 
Howard's Mill, 312. 
HjE»»er, Joshtia, 279. 



Huber, Michael, 72. 
Hudson, Capt. Henry, 392. 

Jeremiah, 279. 
Huett, Robert, land grant, 373. 
Hughes, Elizabeth, 66. 

Thomaa, 59. 

Rev. Thomas, 202. 
Hughlett, Capt. Wm. to Col. Thos. 

Ennalls, 252. 
Hughs, Thomas, 279. 
Hull, Amy Eleanor E., 202. 

Mrs. Wm. Skipwith, elected, 


Humphreys, Kev. John, 195. 

Theodosia (Law- 
rence), 195. 
HuNGERFOED SAMi-ui, by Christo- 
pher Johnston, 381. 
Hungerford, Amanda F., 385. 

Amelia, 385. 
Amelia F. (Spence), 

Amelia (Spence), 


Ann (Pratt), 384. 
Anne, 383. 

Anne ( Washington ) , 

Barton, 382, 383, 384. 

Catherine, 385. 

Charles, 383. 

Eleanor Ann, 385. 

Eleanor Ann ( Hun- 
gerford), 385. 

Elizabeth, 383. 

Elizabeth ( Gwinn ) , 

Gerard Wood, 386. 
Helen, 385. 
Helen (Stith), 385. 
Henrietta Virginia, 

Henry, 384, 385. 
Jane, 383, 384. 
Jane (Warren), 384. 
John, 383. 

Hungerford, John B., 385. 

John H., 385. 
Gen. John Pratt, 384. 
John Washington, 

Col. John Washing- 
ton, 384, 385. 

Julia R., 385. 

Juliet, 385. 

Letitia Gwinn, 385. 

Margaret (Barton), 
382, 383. 

Mary, 383, 384. 

Philip Contee, 385. 

Rosalie, 385. 

Sarah, 384. 

Susaima, 384. 

Thomas, 383, 384, 

Lieut. Thorn, ■ 384. 
Thomas JeflFerson, 

Violetta G., 385. 

Violetta (Gwinn), 

Virginia, 385. 

William, 381, 383, 
384, 385. 

William Henry, 385. 

Winifred, 385. 
Hungerford's choice, 382. 
Hunt, John, 279. 
Hunt, William B., 395. 
Hunter, William, 279. 
Hurley, Edmond, 280. 
Hurst, Jacob, 280. 
Hutchinson, William, 280. 
Hutt, Amanda F. (Himgerford), 

Col. J. Warren, 385. 
Hyde, John, 220. 
Philip, 280. 

Immigrants, 1774-1775, 390. 
Indian River Indians, 354. 
Ingle, Edward, 204. 
Inkle, Henry, 72. 



Irish regiment, 
Isle of Kent, 373, 374. 
Ives, William, 280. 
Jack, John, 59. 
Jaekson, Barnaby, 167. 
Edward, 60. 

Mrs. George S., elected, 

John, 158. 

Richard, affidavit, 238. 
Thomas, 295. 
Jacobs, Samuel, 280. 

Thomas, 280. 
Jail (Balto. city). 111. 
James, Henry, 267, 268. 
James Island, 330, 332, 334. 
Janssen, Barbara, 299. 

Sir Theodore, 299. 
J^erson, John, 280. 

',*^Thomas, 122. 

Thomas to Thomas 

Johnson, 180. 
Thomas to Thomas Sim 
Lee, 256. 
Jelfe, James, 370. 
Jenkins, Elizabeth (Hungerford), 

George Carrell, 198. 
Mary Catherine (Eey), 

Pliilip, 384. 
Jennings, Edmund, 353. 

Mary, 169. 

William, 280. 
Jephson, William, 289. 
Jermegan, Ellen, 167. 

Mary, 167. 
John (ship), 392. 
John Adventure (ship), 392. 
John and Christian (ship), 340. 
John and Margaret (ship), 392. 
John of Topsham (ship), 340. 
John's Island, 330, 332, 334. 
Johnson, Christopher, 295. 

Duncan, 280. 

Elizabeth Ronsby (Key), 


Johnson, Henry, 197. 

J. Hemsley (note), 269. 
Reverdy, mentioned, 379. 
Thomas, 151. 
Thomas from J<An 

Avery, 261. 
Thomas from Patrick 

Henry, 178, 255. 
Thomas from Thomas 

Jefferson, 180. 
Thomas from Jeremiah 

Powell, 259, 260. 
Thomas from Joseph 

Read, 257. 
Thomas from George 

Washington, 179. 
William, 59. 
Sir William, Manu- 
scripts (note), 300. 
Port, 334. 
Johnston, Arthur, 280. 
JoTTxsTON, Cheistqpheb, Bladen 

family, 297. 
JOUXBTON, Christopheb, HuHget- 

ford family, 381. 
Johnston, Genl. Jos. E., 321, 323. 
Johnstone, Miss Emma E., elected, 

Johnstoun, Andrew, 280. 
Jones, Capt. (2 Va. Rgt.), 221. 

Rev. Hugh, 290. 

John, 168, 270, 280. 

Capt. John, 339. 

Lt. John Courts, 222. 

Joseph, 280. 

Mary, 295. 

Nehemiah, 280. 

Thomas, 280. 

William, 280. 
Jones' Falls, 121. 
Jordan, William, 280. 


THE Potomac, by C. C. Bom- 
baiigh, 301. 
Justice, Edward, 59. 

William, 280. 



Kalb, John, haron de, 234. 
Kaminsky, John Christopher, 300. 
Kay, Sir Arthur, 199. 
Keane, Thomaa, 168. 
Kedger, Robert, 170, land grant, 

Keech, John, 280. 
Keener, Christian, 105. 
Keith, Albert G., resigned, 203. 
Kell, Thomas, from Henry Clay, 

Kelley, Thomas, 60. 
Kelly, Bryan, 372. 

John, 171. 
Kempton, Thomas, 280. 
" Kennedy Square," by F. Hopkin- 

son Smith (note), 390. 
Kent Fort, 269. 
Kent Fort Manor, 270. 
Ketcherside, James, 280. 
Key Family, by Christopher 

Johnston, 194. 
Key, A. P. P. D. (Charlton), 196. 

Anna (Thornton), 198. 

Anne Arnold, 197. 

Anne Arnold (Ross), 196. 

Anne (Plater), 197. 

Cecilia (Brown), 196. 

Edmund, 196. 

Edward, 198. 

Elizabeth, 199. 

Elizabeth Rousby, 197, 198. 

Elizabeth Scott, 196. 

Emily Xouise, 197. 

Florence Gross (Horwitz), 

Frances Eugenia, 198. 
Francis, 196, 200. 
Francis Scott, 196, 198, 

to R. B. Taney, 23. 
George Barton, 197. 
Hannah (Clarke), 195. 
Isaac, 199. 
John, 195, 199. 
Dr. John, 196. 
John Boss, 196, 

Key, Josephine (Baltzell), 198. 
Josiah, 199. 
Louise Emily, 197. 
Maria Laura (Sewall), 198. 
Mary, 194, 199. 
Mary Brent (Sewall), 198. 
Mary Catherine, 198. 
Mary Lloyd, 197. 
Ificholas Sewall, 198. 
Philip, 194, 199. 
Philip Barton, 196, 197, 198. 
Rebecca Ann, 197. 
Rebecca (Hammond); 195. 
Richard, 194, 199 200. 
Richard Wood, 194, 195. 
Susanna (Gardiner), 195, 

Theodosia, 195. 
Thomas, 196. 
Virginia Peyton, 198. 
William Thompson, 198. 
Key arms, 198. 
Keyes, Genl. Erasmus D., 321. 
Keyne, Thomaa, land grant, 374. 
Kidd, Andrew, 59. 
George, 59. 
John, 280, 293. 
Thomas, 173. 
King, Francis, 280. 
John, 222. 
Robert, 280. 

Walter, 166, 169, 174, 268. 
William, 280. 
King Solomon (ship), 340. 
King's Tavern, 232. 
Kirby, Capt. Wm. M., 321. 
Kirby's battery, 321. 
Kirkpatriek, John, 59. 
Klingender, Frances Eugenia 
(Key), 198. 
Melchoir George, 

Knight, Thomas, 269. 
Knipe, William, 248, 265. 
Knoles, John, 169. 
Knolls, John, land grant, 166. 


Kominski's hotel, 118. 
Kosciuzsko, GenL Thaddeus, 332, 

Labrouse, Benjamin, 280. 
Lacy, Alice (Birkliead), 297. 

Elizabeth, 297. 
Lafayette, Fort, 309. 
Lafayette's encampment, 233. 
Lamaster, Jacob, 280. 
Land notes (continued), 261. 
Land tenure in Maryland, 350. 
Landls, D. H. (note), 300. 
Lane, Gyles, 293. 
Langworthy, Edward, 108. 
Lansdale, Capt. Thomas, 220. 
Last BixiODsnED of the Kevolu- 

TiON, by F. B. Culver, 329. 
Latrobe, Ferdinand C. mentioned, 

J. II. B., as writer of 

fiction, 375. 
to Edward Stabler, Jr., 


Laurens, Col. Henry, 331, 332, 336. 

Lawnc, Mary, 167, 263. 

Lawrence, Theodosia, 195. 

Lawson, John, 281. 

Laygart, John, 59. 

Leach, Josiah Granville, " Some 
account of Capt. John Frazier 
and his descendants" (note), 

Leakin, J. Wilson, 86. 
Leason, Samuel, 281. 
Lechford, Sir Richard, 61. 
Lee, Genl. Charles, 151. 

Daniel, 281. 

Henry, 168, 171. 

John, 281. 

Richard, 167. 

Thomas, 281. 

Thomas Sim, 232. 

from Thos. Jefferson, 256. 
Joseph Reed, 181, 
258, 259. 

Mrs. Thomas Sim, 233. 

Col. Wm. Raymond, 306. 


Lee's Mills, 315. 

Leech, Rev. Joseph, 290. 

Leesburg, 308. 

Iieese, Mary, 167. 

Legion de Lauzun, 229. 

Lego, Charles, 281. 

Lennox, George, 221. 

L'Eole (frigate), 176. 

Leonard, Robert, 281. 

Leslie, Genl., 335, 336. 

Letherborow, Thomas, 369. 

Letroe, John, 281. 

Letters from the Executive 

Archives, 377. 
Levar, John, 281. 
Lewger, Ann, 168. 

John, 168, 365. 

land grant, 166, 170, 
266, 270, 370. 
John, Jr., 166, 16S. 
Lewis, Mrs. James C, elected, 203. 

Richard (note), 71. 

William, land grant, 269. 
Library World, cited, 390. 
Lill, John, 220. 

Lillingston, Rev. John, 289, 290. 
Linch, Capt. John, 34. 

Thomas, 281. 
Lincoln, Abraham, 305. 

Genl. Benjamin, 330. 
Lindsay, James, 382. 
Linn, William, 281. 
Linnen, Edinond, land grant, 170. 
Linnie (Linnis), Philip, 168. 
Linton, James, 281. 

John, 281. 
List of iajtds held bt Papists, 

1758, 202. 
Little, Peter, 117. 
Litton, Nathaniel, 60. 
Lloyd, Madam, beauty of, 234. 

Edward, 153. 

Richard, 153. 
Locker, Thomas, 281. 
Lofflin, Joseph, 281. 
LoftUB, Sir Adam, 298. 

Dudley, 298. 



Loftus, Jane, 298. 
long. Baker, 281. 
Long Point Creek, 374. 
Longworth, John, 269. 
Iiove, Aaron, 281. 

Philip, 281. 
J.owe's balloon, 316. 
Lower, Capt., (3d Md. Egt.), 222. 
Lowndes Hill, 344. 
Lucas, Capt. (8th Va. Rgt.), 219. 

Anne (Hungerford), 383. 

Barton, 281. 

Thomas, 383. 
Lusthead (Luthead), Richard, 169, 
267, 268 
land grant, 174. 
Lyon, James, 281. 

Robert, 59. 
McCall, Capt. W. H. H., 308. 
JVIcCannon, James, 118. 
McCay, Hugh, 59. 

John, 59. 
McClellan, Genl. George B., 303, 

308, 311, 312, 323. 
McClenry, Thomas, 59. 
MeComb, Patrick, 60. 
McCoombs, Patrick, 281. 
McCoy, James, 281. 
McCoy's Tavern, 342-347. 
McCreary, George W., resignation, 

Maccubbin, Capt. Zachariah, 333. 
McCubbins, William, 281. 
McDonald, Jonathan, 281. 
McDonough, John, 5. 
McGafferty, Cornelius, 281. 
McGay, John, 220. 
McGill, Rowlan, 281. 
McGinta, John, 281. 
McGowen, James, 281. 
McGraw, Godfrey, 202. 
McHarey, John, 59. 
McHenry, James, from Col. John 

Foncier, 182. 
McHenry, Fort, 182, 291. 
Mftchin, John, 166, 169, 174, 2»8. 

Maekall, Leonard, 107. 
Mackenzie, George Norbury, " Co- 
lonial families of the U. S. A" 
(note), 392. 
McKenzie, Thomas G., 115. 
McKeon, John, 59. 
McKewn, John, 59. 
MeKey, George, 281. 
McKinness, John, 282. 
McKinny, John, 282. 
Macklot, Julie Kilina de, 396. 
McLaland, James, 282. 
McLochlan, James, 59. 
Maemannon, Hugh, 282. 
McMaster, Robert, 59. 
McMoUon, James, 60. 
McMullin, Robert, 60. 

Samuel, 60. 
McNeal, James, 282. 
McRae, Lieut. Duncan, 282. 
McSwain, George, 282. 
Madding, Francis, 282. 

Mordecai, 282. 
Madox, Edward, 295. 
Magnett, Charles, 167. 
Magruder, Alex. C, from Jacob 
Wagner, 191. 
Caleb C, elected, 75. 
Genl. John B., 314. 
Maid of Gaunt (ship), 392. 
Mainwaring, Mary, 200. 
Maken, John, 282. 
Malone, Wiliam, 220. 
Manassas, 308. 
Manery, Samuel, 282. 
Mann, Charles E., 204. 
Manors — 

Conception, 367. 

Crayford, 374. 

Evllinton, 168. 

Kent Fort, 270. 

Nanticoke, 252. 

Portiand, 202. 

St. Clements, 269, 367, 369. 

St. Gregory's, 367. 

St. Richard's, 366. 



Manor, Snow Hill, 366. 
Susquehannah, 58. 
West St. Mary's, 368, 373. 
Westbury, 172. 
Mansell, John, 370. 
Marion, Genl. Frauds, 330, 335. 
Market House (Balto. city), 114. 
Marks, Capt. (14 Va. Egt.), 221. 
Marlburgh, John, 267, 268. 
Mamonscoooo, William, 60. 
Marquess, Eobert, 59. 

Samuel, 59. 
Marriott, Genl., 108. 

Maj. Wm. H. to Gov- 
ernor, 251. 
Marshall, James, 282. 

Thomas, 282. 
William, 171. 
Martin, Father, 309. 

Charles, 220. 

Christopher, 261. 

Luther, Speech to H. of 

D., 1788, 139. 
Luther, statement con- 
cerning Nanticoke Man- 
or, 252. 
Luther, to Levin Winder, 

Thomas, 282. 
Maryland Chasseurs, 250. 
Maryland colonial journals and 

acts (note), 300. 
Maeyland Geeanings in Eng- 
land, by Lothrop Withington, 

Maryland Line in southern cam- 
paign, 329. 

Maryland Merchant (ship), 340. 

Maryland settlers naturalized in 
Pennsylvania, 72. 

Maryland stone in National Wash- 
ington Monument, 380. 

Mabtlaito troops in Fkewch and 
Indian Wae, 271. 

Maryland troops in Jersey cam- 
paign, 1777, 131. 

Marylanders in the Confederate 

Army (note), 201. 
Mason, Edward, 282. 
James, 295. 
William 282. 
Mass, John Baptist, 282. 
Massey, Capt. (6 Va. Egt.), 219. 
Masterson, Hugh, 282. 
ilathews, Thomas, 282. 

William, 282. 
Mattapanient, 367. 
Mattapanient path, 366. 
Matthews, Edward, 261. 

Thomas, 166, 169, 174, 

Maxwell, John, 282. 

Genl. William, 216. 
May, Edward, 282. 
Mayer family, 2. 

Brantz, by B. C. Steiner, 1. 
Mayflower (ship), 292. 
Maynadier, ElizaT>eth Scott (Key), 
Henry, 196. 
Maynard, Capt. Edward, 392. 
Mearns, Samuel, 282. 
Medcalf, William, 168. 
Medley, John, 201. 
Meekins, Abram, 202. 

John, Jr., 202. 
Mark, 202. 
Meeks, William, 282. 
Memorial of Anthony Stewart, 

Merchant Adventure (ship), 340. 
Merdiant Bonaventure (ship), 

Merrimae (iron-clad), 311. 
Merryman, John, 338. 

Sarah, 332, 333, 338. 
Metcalf, Gilbert, 173. 
Metre, Nicholas, 282. 
Mickle, Robert, 109. 
Mifflin, Fort, Defence of, 205. 
Mill Creek, 270, 370. 
Millflgan, James, 59. 




Milligan, John, 59. 
Miller, Christopher, 72. 

Capt. Christopher, 339. 

George, 122. 

Jacob, 72, 382. 

John, 282. 

Margaret (Barton), Hun- 

gerford, 382. 
Michael, 72. 
Samuel, 59. 
William, 282. 
Miller's Tavern, 117. 
Mills, William, 282. 
Miltenberger, Col. Anthony, 120. 
Minnex, Henrietta Virginia (Hun- 
gerford), 385. 
W. H., 385. 
Minutes Annual Meeting, 76. 

December meeting, 73. 
January meeting, 75. 
February meeting, 75. 
March meeting, 203. 
April meeting, 203. 
May meeting, 204. 
October meeting, 393. 
Nov'embcr meeting, 394. 
Mitchell, Mary, 60. 
Moale, Capt. Samuel, 348. 
Monocacy river, 303, 305. 
Monocacy valley, 355. 
Monroe, Alexander, 283. 

Robert, 283. 
Monroe, Fort, 303, 311. 
Montgomery Court House, 347. 
Moodie, Hugh, 283. 
Moore, Capt, 219. 

John C, 395. 
Lieut. Zedekiah, 332, 334. 
Morehead, Christopher, 168, 270. 

Col. Turner Gustavus, 

Moreman, Alice, 167. 
Morgan, Col. Daniel, 132. 

Frances, 167. 

Hoell, 167, 168. 

Roger, 261. 
Morley, Walter, 167, 268. 

Morris, Miss Elizabeth M., 393. 

Thomas, 367. 
Morse, Benjamin, 293. 
Morton, James, 109. 
Mosse, Thomas, 263. 
Moulins, James, 167. 
Mount joy, Capt. Thomas, 295. 
Mozeley, Charles, 283. 
Mud Battery, 217. 
Mudd, George, 283. 
Muir, John, 239, 242. 
Munns, Thomas, 267, 268. 
Munroe, Andrew, 295. 

Col. Isaac, 106. 
Murdock, Eleanor, 66. 

William, 283. 
Murphew, William, 283. 
Murphy, Edward, 59. 

Frank T., resigned, 74. 
John, 60. 
Murray, Edward, 222. 
Musgrove, Benjamin, 283. 
Nabbs, Mary, 370. 

Thomas, 370. 
William, 167. 
Nait, John II., Recollections of 

Baltimore, 104. 
Nafifager, Peter, 72. 
Nancy (ship), 390. 
Nanticoke Indians, 201, 252. 
Nanticoke Manor, 252. 
Nash, Hugh, 168. 

Thomas, 283. 
Naturalization of Maryland set- 
tlers in Pennsylvania, 72. 
Naylor, Benjamin, 283. 
George, 283. 
Joshua, 283. 
Neal, Janies, 283. 
Neale, Elizabeth (Hungerford), 

Capt. James, 392. 

John, 383. 
Neall, William, 283. 
NeilBon, William, 283. 
N«ptune (ship), 390. 
Nergide (frigate), 230. 


Xevett, Richard, 171. 

Nevill, Richard, 169, 267, 268, 369. 

Nevins, Mary Lloyd (Key), 197. 

Rev. William, 197. 
Kevitt, Stephen, 59. 
Nevo, John, 283. 
New Connaght, 58. 
yeto England Hisiorical and Gene- 
alogical Register, cited, 390. 
Nc^freomb, Qenl. Silas, 207, 216. 
Newton university, 112. 
Nichola, Col. Lewis, 208. 
Nicholas, William, 293. 
Nieholls, Henry, 283. 
Nicholson, Francis, charges 
against, 291. 
Isaac F., Gift to en- 
dowment fund, 74. 
Night, George, 283. 

Samuel, 28,3. 
Nightingale of Hull (ship), 340. 
Nightingale of York (ship), 340. 
Niles, Alfred S., elected, 75. 
Niles' Register oflBice, 119. 
Noble, Isaac, 293. 
Norfolk House Manuscripts, 6l. 
Norris, Ann, 168. 

Walter B., elected, 203. 
Norriss, John, 283. 
North, Samuel M., resigned, 75. 
IsoTth Kent, C. H., 318. 
Norton, John, 261. 

Nathan, 60. 
Norwood, Capt. Edward, 220. 
Notes, 70, 200, 300, 390. 
Nott, John, land grant, 170. 
Nowell James, 283. 
Noyer, Thomas, 283. 
O'Dell, Walter G., Sr., elected, 394. 
Ogelby, John, 283. 
O'Hara, Gtenl. Charles, 333. 

Patrick, 221. 
Old Point Comfort, 311. 
Oldfleld, Thomas, 296. 
Oliver, Charles IC, 393. 

Roger, 372. 
Oliver, Capt., 220. 
Onley, Thomas, 262. 

Orchard, Nathaniel, land grant, 

contra Lord Baltimore, 

Orley (Onley), Thomas, 168, 262. 
Osborn, John, 222. 
Othello (ship), 175. 
Owen, Rev., 290. 

Col. Joshua Thomas, 302. 
Owings, John, 283. 

Rachel, 333. 
Oyster creek, 369, 373. 
Pack, Simon, 283. 
Page, Thomas, 283. 
Palmer, William, 171. 
Pamunky river, 318. 
Papists, List of lands held by, 

PariRhes, Colonial, 290. 
P;irk Hall, 372. 

Parke, Francis Neale, elected, 75. 
Parker, Col. Josiah, 131. 
Parmelee, Capt. 220. 
Parrie, Edmond, 168. 
Partis, Capt., 340. 
Pary, John, 294. 

Thomas, 294. 
Pasmore, Thomas, 161, 371. 

Thomas, land grant, 
173, 372. 
Patapseo ferry, 229. 
Patapsoo (St. Paul's) Vestry, 

Patience (ship). 392. 
Patomac River, 370, 371. 
Paton, Stewart, resigned, 75. 
Patriot (ship), 176. 
Patten, David, 59. 

William, 59. 
Patterson, John, 59. 

R. to Genl. Strieker, 
343, 345, 346, 347. 
Patuxent River, 367. 
Paulin, Robert, 283. 
Payn, Howard, 199. 
Peabody, George, services to State, 

Pearee, Capt. Edward, 340. 



Pearis, Capt. Richard, 283. 
Pearson, Thomas, 283. 
Peddieort, William, 284. 
Peggy Stewart (ship), 201, 235, 

Peirce, Peter, 284. 
Pemberton, Richard, 284. 
Pennington, John H., s*eam Bal- 
loon, 134. 
Penruddock, Anthony, 171. 
Percy, Eobert, 373. 

Robert, land grant, 366. 
Peres, Francisco, 268. 
Perkins, John, 284. 

Thomas, 284. 
William, 284. 
I ^ An, Anne, 293. 

Edward, will, 293. 
Susanna, 293. 
Thomas, 293. 
Petit, Thomas, land grant, 174. 
Petition of Catholics to Sharpe, 

Petition of tenants of Susquehan- 

nah Manor for titles, 68. 
Pett, Thomas, 374. 
Pettit, Lewis, 284. 
Philadelphia Brigade, 302. 
Phillips, Mrs. Anna Latimer, elec- 
ted, 394. 
Bartholomew, 167. 
Owen, 167. 

Owen, land grant, 367, 

PhUpot, John, 293. 
Philpott, Robert, land grant, 374. 
Philpott's Creek, 374. 
Phipps, John, 284. 
Pickerell, Samuel, 284. 
Pieghen, Capt. Thomas, 340. 
Pierce, Genl. Ebenezer W., 312. 
Pike, Capt. Abraham, 348. 
Ann, 166, 168, 170. 
John, 170. 
Pillory and Whipping post (Balto. 
City), 110. 

Pindle, Philip, 284. 
Piney Bay, 374. 
Piney Point Plantation, 368. 
Pingrave, Francis, 284. 
Pinkney, Major William, 342. 
Pinley (Pinly), William, 262, 367, 

Pinner, Richard, 265. 
Pintard, John (note), 71. 
Place, Annie, 294. 
Plater, Anne, 197. 

Elizabeth (Eousby), 197. 

George, 197. 
Plaxco. Henry, 60. 
Plumbey, JIattbew, 219. 
Plummer, George, 284. 
Plunket, Robert, 284. 
Pocomoke Indians, 354. 
Poe, George, 109. 
Point of Rocks, 303. 
Polhampton, Nicholas, 262. 
Pooderback, George, 72. 
Poolesville, 303. 
Pope, Nathaniel, 170, 295. 

Nathaniel, land grant, 365. 
Pope's Creek, 295. 
Pope's Swamp, 266, 365. 
"Poplar Hill," 198. 
Poplar Neck, 381. 
Poplcstone, Capt. Phi'., 339. 
Poreseourt, Wm., 261. 
Port Tobacco Creek, 262. 
Port Tobacco Quarter, 366. 
Porter, Capt. David, 123, 175. 

John, 284. 

Eobert, 59. 
Porter's division, 317. 
Portland Manor, 202. 
Posey, Col. Thomas, 335. 
Posie, Francis, 170. 
■Potts, Eleanor (Murdoch), 66. 

Elizabeth (Hughes), 66. 
EiCHAED, by Lewis H. 

Steiner, 63. 
Richard, Jr., 66. 
Poulter, Hugh, 284. 


Powder House (Balto. City), 111. 
Powell, Jeremiah to Thomas John- 
son, 259, 260. 
John, 284, 294. 
Samuel, 284. 
Thomas, 284. 
Prather, Henry, 284. 

Thomas, 284. 
Pratt, Ann, 384. 
John, 384. 

Margaret (Birkett), 384. 

Frees, Henry, 284. 

Prettiman, John, 373. 

Price, James, 167, 265. 
John, 268, 267. 
Thomas, 173, 372. 

Primrose (ship), 340. 

Pritchard, John, 60. 

Proceedings of the Pennsylvania- 
German Society, cited, 390. 

Prosperous (ship), 340. 

Providence (ship), 340. 

Public Archives Commission 
(note), 300, 

Pudiver, Thomas, 284. 

Pulton, Ferdinando, land grant, 

Purdum, Bradley K., elected, 75. 
Pursall, Samuel, 173, 263. 
Purviance, Robert, 108. 

Samuel, 151. 
Pye, Greorge, 171. 
Queen, Kiehard, 284. 
Quigley, Capt. Greorge, 340. 
Qvn Rent in Mabtland, by B. 

W. Bond, Jr., 350. 
Rabnett, Francis, 267, 268. 
"Rachel's Prospect," 333. 
Eaekliffe, Nathaniell, 294. 
Eagan, John, 284. 
Rally, Isaac, 284. 
Ramsey, John, 284. 
Randall, Daniel R., 398. 
Randolph, Edward, 297. 

Sarah, 297. 

Rappahannock Merchant (ship), 

Eathell, Aaron, 284. 
Rattican, James, 220. 
Rawlins, Anthony, land grant, 

Read, Ananias, 372. 
Rebecca (ship), 390. 
REcoLLECTioifs or Bai-timobe, by 

John H. NafiF, 104. 
Red Bank, N. J., 209. 
Redbum, Samuel, 284. 
Reed, Joseph to Thomas JoIuis(», 

Joseph to Thoa. Sim Lee, 
181, 258, 259. 
"References to English Surnames «!»^> 

in 1601." Review. 389. 
Religious bodies. Special report on 

(note), 391. 
Religious toleration, 47, 387. 
Rent roll, Dorchester Co., 202. 

Repairs to State House, 188. 
Reports to Society — 
Council, 77. 
Treasurer, 79. 
Trustees of Athenaeum, 82. 
Committee on addresses, 86. 

gallery, 82. 

library, 83. 




Restoration (ship), 391. 
Revell, John, 369. 

Randall, 168, 172. 
Randall, land grant, 368, 

Rebecca, 369. 
Reviews — 

Narratives of Early Maryland, 

ed. by C. C. Hall, 386. 
References to English Surnames 
in 1601, 389. 



Revolutionary letters, 255. 
Eevolutionary war, Jersey cam- 
paign, 131. 
Revolutionary war, soutkem cam- 
paign, 329. 
Reymour, Joseph, 285. 

William, 285. 
Reynell, Sir Thomas, 245. 
Reynolds, Ann, 168. 

George, 285. 
James, 285. 
Rhodes, Tliomas, 285. 
Richard and Martha (ship), 340. 
Riehardaon, Genl. Israel B., 323. 
John, 168. 

Simon, land grant, 

Ricker, Miss Ella V., elected, 394. 
Rieketts, Miles, 262. 
Eidgely, Helen, W. (note), 201. 
Eidgley, Charles, Jr., 240, 243. 

Sterrett, 343, 346. 
Riggs, E. Francis, 393. 
Riley, Genl. Bennet (note), 379. 

James, 285. 
Rine (ship), 340. 
Eivardi, J. J. U. to Gov. Stone, 

Roadham, Matthew, 168. 
Robb, Capt., 219. 
Roberts, Charles, 120. 

Isaac, 285. 

John, 285. 
Robertson, John, 60. 
Robins, Col., 257. 
Robinson, Charles, 285. 

Edward, land grant, 

Capt. Isaiah, 208. 
John, 167, 265. 
Rivardi, J. J. U. to Gov. Stone, 

de, 229, 231. 
Rochambeau papers, extract, 229. 
Rodam, Matthew, 262. 

Rogers, , 169, 267. 

Col., 117. 
Sarah, 333. 

Rollings, Jonathan, 220. 

Roper, Edward, 190. 

Boss, Alicia (Arnold), 196. 

Anne Arnold, 196. 

George, 285. 

John, 196. 
Ross' Tavern, 343, 344, 346. 
Round O, 331. 
Rouney, Thomas, 167, 265. 
Rousby, Elizabeth, 197. 
Rowlaad, James, 59. 

William, 59. 
Eowles, Francis, 285. 
John, 285. 
Thomas, 285. 
Royal-Deux-Ponts regiment, 229. 
Ruckle, Thomas, 105. 
Ruddle, Robert, 293. 
Ruff, Sabriet, 285. 
Ruffneck, William, 285. 
Russa Merchant (ship), 391. 
Kussell, John, 285. 

Nicholas, 174, 268. 
Thomas, 59, 285. 
Sadler, William, 285. 
St. Andrew's Creek, 264, 269. 
St. Barbara's Plantation, 369, 
St. Catherine's Creek, 367. 
St. Catherine's Island, 367. 
St. Clair, Genl. Arthur, 331. 
St. Clement's Bay, 370. 
St. Clement's Hundred, 262. 
St. Clement's Island, 269. 
St. Clement's Manor, 269, 367, 369. 
St. George (ship), 340, 392. 
St. George's Creek, 171. 
St. George's Eirer, 264, 366, 368, 

St. Gregory's Manor, 367. 

St. Inigo's Creek, 372. 

St. John, Genl., 299. 

St. John, Barbara (Blpden), 299. 

St. John's, 266, 270, 370. 

St. John's Creek, 365, 366, 370. 

St. Laurence's Creek, 367. 

St. Margaret (ship), 392. 

St. Mary's Bay, 365. 



St. Mary's City, 354, 359. 
St. Michael's parish, Talbot Co., 

St. Nicholas (ship), 392. 

St. Nicholas Creek, 370. 

St. Paul's church, 105. 

St. Paul's churchyard (note), 201. 

St. Paul's parish, Talbot Co., 290. 

St. Paul's vestry, Balto. Co., 290. 

i?t Peter's church, 106. 

St. Peter's Key, 371, 372. 

St. Peter's parish, Talbot Co., 290. 

St. Eichard's Manor, 366. 

St. Stephen's Creek, 367. 

St. Thomas (ship), 392. 

St. Thomas's, 264. 

Salisbury, William, 295. 

Sally (ship), 391. 

Sampson (ship), 391. 

Sampson, Richard, 290. 

Sanders, John, 267. 

Sanderson, William, 60. 

Sandford, Giles, 294. 

John, 293. 

Katharine, 294. 

Mary, 294. 

Samuel, 294. 

Susannah, 293. 

Thomas, 294. 
Sandys, Henry, 245. 

William, 245. 
Santee river, 335. 
Sapp, Robert, 285. 
Sarah and Elizabeth (ship), 392. 
Sarjant, Cornelius, 293. 
Sasser, Benjamin, 285. 
Saunders, George, 285. 

John, 285. 
Savannah, Ga., 330. 
Scaggs, Isaac, 285. 

James, 285. 
Richard, 285. 
Scarborough, Col. Edmond, 201. 
Schicky, Simon, 72. 
Scot, John, 295. 
Scott, Col. Charles, 132. 

Capt.. George Day, 158, 160. 

Scott, Gustavus, 295. 

James, 295. 

Jane, 295. 

Judge John, 192. 

Rebecca, 295. 

Sarah, 295. 

Gcnl. W. H., 310. 

Zaohariah, 285. 
Scovell, Samuel, 168, 262. 
Scribner's Magazine, cited, 390. 
Ssdgrave, Robert, 174, 267, 268. 
Sedgwick, Genl. John, 303, 311, 

Sedgwick's division, 318. 

Swnley Manor, 245. 

Semmes, Raphael, to Gov. P. F. 

Thomas, 377. 
Serle, Robert, 166, 168. 
Seven Pines, Battle of, 320, 322. 
Sewall, Maria Laura, 198. 
Mary Brent, 198. 
jSlcholas, 198. 
Shanalian, J. H. K., Jr., resigned, 


Shanks, John, 367. 
Sharpe, Horatio, 46, 194, 195, 362, 
363, 365. 
John, 285. 

Sliaw, Robert, 286. 
Sheercliff, John, 167. 
Shelby, Evan, 286. 
Shenton, Joseph. 202. 

Ramond, 202. 

William, 202. 
Shepard, Walter W., elected, 75. 
Shepheard, Samuel, 294. 
Sheppard, Philip, 294. 

Thomas, 294. 
Sheredine, Daniel, 60. 
Sherley (Sherly), Robert, 169, 267, 

Shiles, Thomas, 154. 

deposition, 158. 

Ship Point, 313. 

Shipping list, 1634-1679, 339, 390, 

Shirk, Ida M. (note), 300. 



Shober, Gotlieb, 252. 

Shockley, Benjamin, committment, 

153, 156. 
Shook, Lawrence, 72. 
Short, Hugh, 286. 
iShrewsbiiry, Frances Arundel, 

lady, 246. 
Sim, Col. Patrick, 218. 
SimpB(»i, Anthony, 286. 

James, 286. 

John, 219, 286. 

Robert, 169, 267, 268. 

Thomas, 286. 
Sims, James, 286. 
Sirus (ship) 391. 
Skinner, Henry, 286. 
Slater, Bartholomew, 168. 
Isaac, 286. 
John, 286. 
Slatham, Thomas, 169, 267. 
Slattery, Capt., 220. 
Slaughter, Lt. L., 252. 
Slaver, Francis, 263. 
Slingluff, Fielder C, 201. 
Smallwood, Genl. William, 151, 
179, 234. 

Smith, Alex. Lawson, to Lt. Mich- 
ael Gilbert, 131. 
Daniel, 286. 
Edward, 174. 

F. Hopkinson, " Kennedy 

Square," (note), 390. 
George (note), 300. 
Henry, 367. 

Dr. Henry Lee, resigned, 75. 
James, 286. 
John, 169, 267. 
Lewis, 294. 
McCarthy, 286. 
Marion De Kalb, 203. 
Michael Luke, 286. 
Richard, 262. 

Genl. Samuel, Defence of. 
Fort MifHin, 205. 
to G«orge Washing- 
ton, 206. 

Smitii, Genl. Samuel to T. W. 

Griffith, 151. 
sketch of, 205. 
mentioned, 349. 
Thomas, 220, 267, 268, 286. 
Thomas Oliver, 263. 
Tunstall, "Memoir of Rich- 
ard Snowden Andrews " 
(note), 391. 
William, 269, 286. 
Genl. Wm. Farrar ("Bal- 
dy"), 303, 315. 
Smoot, William, 382. 
Smoote, Thomas, 382. 
Smyth, Thomas, 153, 158. 
"Snake Den," 333, 337. 
Snow, Abel, land grant, 366. 
Snow Hill Manor, 366. 
Snow, Marmaduke, 167, 168. 
Snyder, Jacob, 72. 
Snype, William, 167. 
Society (ship), 340. 
Soissonois regiment, 229. 
Solomon (ship), 340. 
Somerset, Mary, ladi/, 247. 
Somerset county Committee of Ob- 
servation, 157. 
Somerset Parish, 291. 
eiophia (ship), 391. 
Sousa, Matthias, 267, 268. 
Southerland, James, 286. 

John, 286. 
Spanish guns captxired at Contre- 

ras, 379. 
Speed, J. J. to George Peabody, 

J. J. to Philip F. Thomas, 

John, 167. 
Spenoe, Amelia, 385. 

Amelia F., 385. 
Francis, 286. 
Spikernal, Robert, 286. 
Spring, Douglass, 286. 
Spurr, Philip, 169, 174, 268. 
STABim, Edwakd, Je., Godfrey 
Wallace, 376.,. 


stabler, Jordan, elected, 203. 

Mrs. Jordan, 203. 
Stalker, Andrew, to Comm. Naval 

Prisoners, 257. 
Stansbury, Genl. Tobias E. to Gov. 

Bowie, 349. 
mentioned, 349. 
Stapleford, Kamond, 202. 
Stapleton, J. K., 108. 
State House, Annapolis, 1792, 188. 
Steam balloon, Pennington's, 134. 
Steel, John, 286. 
Steg, Thomas, 262. 
Steiger, Andrew, 112. 
Stbiner, Bernard C. — 
Brantz Mayer, 1. 
Luther Martin's speech to 
House of Delegates, 139. 
More fragments from the 

English Archives, 245. 
Lewis H., Memoir of Hon. 
Richard Potts, 63. 
Stephens, John, 173, 263. 
Sterett, Col. Joseph to Genl. 

Strieker, 342. 
mentioned, 175. 
Capt. Samuel, 175, 348. 
Sterling, Lord, 133. 
Stevens, John Austin, 393. 

Solomon, 286. 
Stevenson, Major George P., 348. 
Stewart, Col., 331. 

Adam, 109. 

Anthony, memorial, 235, 

Major John, 206. 

Richardson, 107. 

William, 154. 

deposition, 165. 

Maj. William, 192. 
Stiles, Thomas, 161. 

William, 168. 
Stillwell, Nathaniel, 286. 
Stillworth, John, 286. 
Stith, Helen, 385. 
Stoddart, Thomas, 286. 
Stokes, Peter, 287. 

Stokes, Thomas, 287. 

Stone, Genl. Charles Pomroy, 303, 

307, 308, 309. 
Stonebraker, John R., 201. 
Stoney, Capt. Ralph, 339. 
Stono Ferry, 330. 
Stores for Washington's Army, 

Storm, Jacob, 222. 
Story, Frederick W., 75. 
Stower, Francis, 173. 
"Stravane " on Potomac, 295. 
Strieker, Genl. John, 341, 348. 
Submission (ship), 340. 
Suitor, Charles, 287. 
Sullivan, Lieut., 176. 
Summer, John, 287. 
Summers, Felix, 202. 
Summersfield, John, 287. 
Summervell, Alexander, 287. 
Sumner, Charles, 310. 

Genl. Edwin Vose, 303, 
315, 321. 
Sumter, Genl. Thomas, 330. 
Supplies for Revolutionary army, 

Supply (ship), 340. 
Surgeon, Thomas, 369. 
Surgeon of the Arh, 61, 
Surratt, Joseph, 287. 
Susanne (ship), 340. 
Susquehannah Manor, 58. 
Susquehannock Fort (note), 300. 
Sutton, Francis, 367. 
Sweetman, Henry, 245. 
Sylvester, H. A. T., resigned, 75. 
Tailor, George, 167. 

Henry, 372. 
Taint, Geo., 219. 
Talbot, George, 58. 
Talbot County committee of Ob- 
servation, 153. 
Talbott, Benjamin, 333, 338. 

Richard, 300. 

Sarah (Wilmot), 333, 



Talbott Genealogy (note), 300. 
Tammany regiment, 306. 
Tandy, Richard, 287. 
Taney, Eoger Brooke, Correspond- 
ence, 23. 

to Nicholas Biddle, 23. 
Tankeraley, Charles, 295. 
Tarvin, Richard, 287. 
Tasker, Anne, 299. 

Anne (Bladen), 298. 

Benjamin, 299. 
Tate, James, 287. 
Taylor, James, 287. 
Taylor, John, 222, 367. 

Mary, 167, 263. 
Tea duty, 235. 
Teater, George, 287. 

Samuel, 287. 
Ted, Thomas, 263. 
Tenants of Susquehannah Manor, 

Terrell, .John, 2S7. 
Tetorsell, Edward, 174, 268, 
Theatre (Balto. city), 113. 
Thioketty Creek, 374. 
Third Maryland Regiment flag, 

Thorn, Dc Goiircy W., 86. 
Thomas, Dr., 345, 346. 

Mary (Hungerford), 384. 
Richard, 287. 
Samuel, 59. 
Thomas, 372, 382. 
Thomas and George (ship), 341. 
Thomas and Mary (ship), 341. 
Thompson, Col., 335. 

Anne Arnold (Key), 

Collin, 287. 
John, 133. 
Capt. Henry, 345. 
Capt. Henry to Grenl. 

Strieker, 344, 348. 
Henry Anthony, 396. 
Henet F., Early 
Maryland Clergy, 

Thompson, Henry F., Memorial 
minute, 396. 
President Cohen's 
remarks on 
death of, 396. 
James, 287. 
John, 287. 

Julie K. (de Mack- 
lot), 396. 
Richard, 267, 268, 

William, 287. 
William E., 197. 
Thomicroft, Elizabeth (Key), 199. 

John, 199. 
Thornton, Anna, 198. 

James, 169, 267, 268. 
Thrcasher, John, 287. 
Three Tuns Tavern, 107. 
Throughton, Mary, 167. 

Mary, land grant, 

Thursby, Rev., 290. 
Thurston, Capt. Richard, 392. 
Thwaytes, Francis, 167. 
Toleration, Religious, 47, 387. 
Tomlinson, Richard, 287. 
Tomson, John, 16!). 
Tousa, Mathias, 169. 
ToTvsontown, 348. 
Tracey, Peiree, 287. 
Treat, Capt., 207, 218, 224. 
Tremble, Moses, 287. 
Trenton, Mary, land grant, 170. 
Triggs, Joane, 167. 

William, 167. 
Trigo, Capt. William, 392. 
Trippe, Andrew C, 75, 86. 
Troughton, Mary, 170. 
True Love (ship), 341. 
Truman, Richard, 287. 
Tubman, Rev. Greorge, 290. 

Richard, 202. 
Tucker, James, 287. 

John, 287. 

Littleton, 288. 

Tucker, Stephen, 288. 


Tue, John, 166, 169, 174, 268. 
Xurbot, John, 222. 
Turner, Violetta G. (Hungerford), 

Turney, Charles, 288. 
Twyne, Elizabeth, 169. 
Tybee Island, 330. 
Tyeer, John, 288. 
Tyson, Alexander H., 197. 

Rebecca Ann (Key), How- 
ard, 197. 
United States Bant, 114. 
Unity (ship), 166, 341. 
Usher, Thomas, 118. 
Van Alen, Col. James Henry, 318. 
Van Buren, Martin, from Aaron 
Burr, 33. 
to R. B. Taney, 32. 
Vance, William, 106. 
Van Eynden, Francis, 261. 
Van Slodt, Capt. Jacob, 392. 
Van Sweerlngen, Anne, 298. 

Garrett, 298. 
Mary (Smith), 

Varnum, Genl., 205, 223, 225, 228. 

Vaudreuil, , 230. 

Vaughan, William, 288. 
Vilomenil, 233. 

Vincent, Jane (Hungerford), 383. 

Sarah ( Hungerford ) , 

William, 383, 384. 
Virginia Factor (ship), 341. 
Virginia Magazine of History and, 

Biography, cited, 390. 
Wagner, Jacob, to A. C. Magru- 

der, 191. 
Wait, Rev., 290. 
Walker, Andrew, 59. 
John, 168. 
Nathan, 288. 
Richard, 367. 
Wallace, Charles, 243. 

Godfrey, pseud, of J. H. 
B. Latrobe, 375. 
Wallis, Severn Teackle, 1. 

Walls, Capt. George, 218, 219, 

Walter, Roger, 261. 
Walterlin, Walter, 261. 
Wappoo Cut, 330. 
Wak of 1812 Papeks, 249. 
War of 1812, Tenders of Service, 

War with Mexico, 377. 
Ward, John, 207, 268, 381. 

Samuel, 288. 
Ware, Capt. Francis, 288. 
Warfield, Charles, 107. 

Dr. Charles Alexander, 
240, 243. 
Warren, Barton, 384. 
Jane, 384. 
John, 265. 
William, 113. 
Warwick river, 315. 
Washington, Anne, 384. 

George, from Samuel, 

Smith, 206. 
^ George, to Thomas 

Johnson, 178. 
Col. William, 331. 
Dr. William, 384. 
Washington City, Burning of, 346, 

Washington Hall, 108. 
Washington National Monument, 

Maryland stone in, 380. 
Wateree river, 335. 
Waters, James, 288. 

Col. Richard, 349. 
Wathen, Capt. William, 339. 
Watson, Walter, 288. 

William, 59. 
Watts, Mrs. Ann Hepburn, elected, 

Henry, 288. 

Samuel, 288. 
Wattson, Henry, 288. 
Wayne, Genl. Anthony, 331, 335. 
Webb, Arthur, 167. 

James, 288. 
Webber, Capt. Thomas, 392. 



Webster, Thomas, 220. 
Wegner, Dr. Augustus, 106. 
Weld, Clara Arundel, 246. 

Humphrey, 246. 
Welsh, James, 59. 

Robert, 59. 
Werkalagen, Paul, 72. 
Werryfleld, Jacob, 72. 
"Werton," 295. 
West, John, 294. 

Philip, 168, 366, 371. 

land grant, 373. 

William, 288. 

Rev. William, 107. 
West Point, Va., 317, 318. 
West St. Mary's Manor, 368, 373. 
West's Swamp, 270, 370. 
Westbury Manor, 172. 
Westfall, Capt., 219. 
Westminster, 333. 
Weston, Thomas, 170, 

land grant, 171. 
Weston's Branch, 172. 
Wharton, Rev. D. M., 385. 

Virginia ( Hunger! ord ) , 

Wheelan, George, 106. 

Thomas, 106, 108. 
Wheeler, CSiarles, 288. 
Wheelwright, Eleanor Ann (Hun- 
gerford), 385. 
Dr. F. D., 385. 
Whetherford, Thomas, 288. 
Whiddon, Oliver, 189, 190. 
Whitcar, George, 161. 
White, Capt., 220. 

A. Robins, resigned, 72. 
Andrew, 169, 267. 
Edward, 288. 
Elijah, 310. 

Frances, land grant, 173. 
G«orge, 166, 169, 174, 268. 
John, 114, 288. 
Dr. John Campbell, 114. 

Joseph, 60. 
Joshua, 60. 

mite, Thomas, 167, 367. 

William, 381. 
mitehead, Mary, 166, 168. 
Whitelock, Charles, 60. 
Whitman, John, 288. 
Whitmore, Christian, 72. 
Whittington, William, 288. 
Wickers, Thomas, 295. 
Wickliff, David, 168. 
Wickliff's creek, 270. 
Wicomico river, 381. 
Wier, Andrew, 59. 

Robert, 59. 
Wilkinson, Dr. A. L., elected, 394. 
Alexander, 288. 
William, 290. 
Will, Allan S., elected, 203. 
William (ship), 392. 
William and Mary (ship), 341. 
Williams, , 167. 

Sgt., 219. 

G«nl., 251. 

Baruch, 60. 

Dunbar, 288. 

James, 235. 

John, 288. 

Joseph, 112, 235, 288. 
Joseph B., 112. 
Genl. Otho H., 331. 
Richard, 173, 372. 
Thomas, 265, 289. 
Capt. Thomas, 222. 
Thomas Charles, me- 
morial, 235. 
Williamsburg, Va., 315, 317, 318. 
Williamson, Martha, 166, 168. 

William, 168. 
Willis, John, 289. 
Wills, Thomas, 166, 268. 
Wills, Delaware (note), 300. 
Willson, John, 289. 

Peter, 289. 
Thomas, Jr., 289. 
Thomas, Sr., 289. 
Wilmot family, 333. 
Wilmot, Ann, 338. 

Wilmot, Benjamin, 333, 338. 
Eleanor, 333. 
Jane, 333. 
John, 333, 338. 
MtkTy, 333, 338. 
Eachel (Owings), 333. 
Eichard, 333, 338, 
Eobert, 332, 333. 
Lieut. Robert, 333, 337. 
Euth, 333, 337. 
Sarah, 333. 

Sarah (Merryman), 332. 
Sarah (Rogers), 333. 
Capt. William, 329, 332, 

333, 334. 
William to Genl. Wm. 
Smallwood, 336. 
Wilflon, David, 295. 

Winchester, Judge, 108. 

Winchester Town, 337 338. 
Winchester, Va., 303. 
Winder, Capt. Levin, 222. 

Genl. William H., 348, 
343, 344. 

to GenL Strieker, 347. 

Wingiield, Thomas, 289. 
Wink, Stephen, 72. 
Winter, Capt. Eobert, 167. 
Winthrop, Major Theodore, 312. 
Wintour, Edward, 267. 

Frederick, 267. 
Wistar, Col. Isaac Jones, 302, 306. 
Witherby, Thomas, 294. 
WiTHiNGTON, LoTHBOP, Maryland 

gleanings in England, 383. 
Wogan, Henry, 289. 

Wolgamode, Samuel, 72. 
Women of Baltimore, Beauty of, 

Wood, Sabriet, 289. 

Sarah Knox, 73. 
William, 113, 289. 
Woodcote Park, 71. 
"Woodley," Georgetown, D. C, 

Wool, Genl. John Ellis, 311. 
"Woolchurch Rest," A. A. Co., 

Wooldridge, Eoger, 289. 
Worcester Co. Committee of Ob- 
servation, 153. 
Worman, Henry, 72. 
Wortley, John, 168. 

John, land grant, 270. 
Wraxhall, Capt Peter, 340. 
Wren (ship), 391. 
Wright, Edward, 220. 
George, 289. 
Eichard, 367. 
Wroth, Lawrence C, 86. 
Wyand, E. C, " A brief history of 
Andrew Putman, Christian Wy- 
andt and Adam Snyder of Wash- 
ii^ton County Md " (note), 391. 
Wyatt, Eev. William, 106. 
Yates, Thomas, 116. 
Yeager, John, 72. 
Yerkardt George, 72. 
York river, 315, 317. 
Yorktown, 312, 316. 
Youager, Gilbert, 289.